Donal, Donal
Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Spatial Patterns Associating Low Birth Weight with Environmental and Behavioral Factors

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 1: March 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) is a significant public health problem in the world. It was estimated globally by the World Health Organization (WHO) that prevalence of LBW was 15% of all births. In Murung Raya district LBW cases remain high. This paper aimed to identify and discuss the relationship between environmental risk factors with LBW in Murung Raya.A spatial analysis was conducted with 150 women as the total participantswho were recruited through the incidence data in 2013-2014. The questionnaires, medical records, and geographic data were measured by Stata software, ArcGis, SatScan, and Geoda. The study results indicated there was significant correlation between health behavior and environmental variables with the strength of external neighborhood effect across LBW risk factors. More intense clustering of high values (hot spots) was found through the spatial analysis showing that most of the cases were located near the defined buffer zone. This research demonstrates that the spatial pattern analysis provided greater statistical power to detect an effect that was not apparent in the previous epidemiology studies.

Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Penularan Penyakit Flu Burung pada Manusia di Kota Pekanbaru dan Kabupaten Pelalawan

Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 1 No 3 (2011): Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas (Journal of Community Health) Published by : P3M STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru

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Abstract

Kota Pekanbaru dan Kabupaten Pelalawan ditetapkan sebagai wilayah Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB) flu burung setelah terjadi kasus Flu Burung yang menyebabkan kematian warga. Terjadinya KLB  dipengaruhi oleh faktor Lingkungan, Perilaku dan Pelayanan Kesehatan. Dilihat dari tingkat kegawatannya kasus ini harus segera diantisipasi sehingga tidak semakin meluas dan meresahkan masyarakat. Oleh karena itu perlu diketahui faktor yang cenderung mempengaruhi terjadinya penularan Flu Burung, sehingga masyarakat bisa lebih waspada terhadap segala kemungkinan penularan Virus H5N1. Rancangan Penelitian adalah Dekriptif Eksploratif dalam bentuk studi kasus. Subjek penelitian adalah semua penderita positif Avian Influenza dan pengelola program flu burung Kota Pekanbaru dan Kabupaten Pelalawan, yang dipilih secara purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor lingkungan yang dominan cenderung terjadi pada keluarga yang melakukan aktivitas beternak unggas dan kasus ini cepat diatasi. Upaya penanggulangan oleh pemerintah untuk kasus yang berhubungan dengan unggas sudah mempunyai Standar Opersional Prosedur yang jelas sehingga kasus cepat teratasi. Faktor perilaku yang dominan mempengaruhi terjadinya kasus flu burung ialah pada keluarga yang mempunyai kebiasaan menggunakan pupuk kotoran unggas dan kebiasaan orang tua membawa anaknya ketempat beresiko terjadinya flu burung.

Spatial Analyses of Low Birth Weight Incidence, Indonesia

Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 50, No 1 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The etiology of Low Birth Weight (LBW) in Murung Raya is still unclear. This study aimed to find out the relationship between environmental and health behavior risk factors of LBW in Murung Raya. 150 women were recruited through the incidence data 2013- 2014, and the questionnaires, medical records, and geographic data were measured by McNemar, ANOVA, logistic, IRR, MI, z (Gi), and NNI tests. Bivariate analysis showed significant correlation of LBW with TBA care OR= 10, drinking popa OR= 5, smoking OR= 6.1, and accessibility OR = 2.3, with adjusted OR for TBA care OR= 32.78, ANC OR= 27.52 revealing trend lines with ANOVA F=49, and clustering RR=7, MI >0 (four clusters), z (Gi) >1 (two high clusters), and NNI>1 (two high clusters). The spatial analysis provided greater statistical power to detect an effect that was not apparent in the case-control study. This study suggests that preventions, interventions and treatment for LBW not only be conducted by the current epidemiology approach but also by new modern geographic positioning analysis.

PENGARUH TEKNIK BERBALAS PANTUN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEPERCAYAAN DIRI SISWA SMP MELALUI BIMBINGAN KELOMPOK DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 1 PEKANBARU

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan VOL 6 : EDISI 1 JANUARI-JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to determine the description of students' self-confidence before and after given the pantun-reply technique, differences in students' self-confidence before and after given the pantun-reply technique and to increase students' self-confidence through group guidance. This research was conducted at Pekanbaru Muhammadiyah 1 Middle School towards 8 subjects with purposive sampling technique. The design of this study was pre-experiment with the one group pretest-posttest model. The data collection instrument used was an instrument consisting of indicators of student self-confidence before and after being given the pantun reply technique through group guidance with a significant value of 0.012 <0.05. The confidence of the 8 previous students was in the low category, increasing after being given the pantun reply technique through group guidance, most of which were in the high category. In addition, based on the rank spearman test, it was observed that there was a significant effect of the pantun reply technique on students' self-confidence by 78% while 22% was influenced by other factors that came from within the students and the environment.Key Words: Pantun Rewarding Technique, Self Confidence, Group Guidance

Pengaruh teknik sosiodrama untuk meningkatkan komunikasi interpersonal siswa melalui bimbingan kelompok di SMP negeri 13 Pekanbaru

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan VOL 6 : EDISI 1 JANUARI-JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstrack: This study aims to knowing the differences in interpersonal communication of students before anda after sociodrama thehnique was applied through group guidance and knowing the effect of sociodrama thechnique to improve student interpersonal communication through group guidance. The study was conducted in pekanbaru state SMP 13 towards 7 subjects with purposive sampling technique. One group pre-test post-test dmodel the data collectionn instrumen used was a personal communic measurement scale adapted from evi zuhara 2014. The results showed that there were differences in interpersonal communication before and after being given sociodrama technique with a significance value of 0,018 < 0,05 in addition, based on the spearman rank test, it is known that there is a signifivant effect between improve students personal communication significance 0,041< 0,05. The influence of sociodrama technique to improve student interpersonal communication is 60% ehole 40% effect by other factors that come from the student;s environtment. From the results obtained, it is recommended that educational institutions should continue to carry out activities that are able to improve students interpersonal communication in the teaching and learning proccess to encourage more perpersonal communication in the teaching and learning proccess to encourage more positive thoughts, perceptions, insight and student attitudes.Key Words: Sosiodrama, interpersonal communication, group guidanceĀ