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Hamdan, Abdul Rahim
ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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The Teaching Constraints of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia: The Context of School Based Curriculum

SOSIOHUMANIKA Vol 4, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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ABSTRACT: This article presents the teaching constraints of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in the Indonesian Senior High School context outlined by the development of recent English curriculum (school based curriculum). It discusses teaching constraints of EFL speaking in recent school based curriculum, constraints on understanding learners’ differences, constraints in learning material resources, constraints on classroom activities, constraints on teaching methods, and constraints on speaking assessment. Based on the discussion, this article also provides some solutions on what teachers of EFL speaking can do in order to achieve a higher quality of EFL speaking teaching and to improve the speaking skill of EFL students in Indonesia. Finally, the issue of the contribution of inserting learners’ differences in curriculum design to promote independent or successful learners becomes important in the implementation of school-based curriculum as current curriculum with focusing on learner centered instruction in large and mixed ability class and in other old paradigms in EFL teaching and learning in Indonesia. Key words: Teaching constraints, English as a Foreign Language, learner differences, and school-based curriculum in Indonesia.  About the Authors: Karim Mattarima is a Ph.D. Candidate at the Faculty of Education UTM (Technology University of Malaysia) in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia; and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahim Hamdan is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Education UTM. They can be reached at: karimmattarima@yahoo.co.idHow to cite this article? Mattarima, Karim & Abdul Rahim Hamdan. (2011). “The Teaching Constraints of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia: The Context of School Based Curriculum” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.4, No.2 [November], pp.287-300. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 1979-0112. Chronicle of article: Accepted (September 4, 2011); Revised (October 7, 2011); and Published (November 20, 2011).    

Orientasi Kurikulum dan Konsepsi Pengajaran Fizik Berkesan dalam Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan

SOSIOHUMANIKA Vol 7, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

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RESUME: Kurikulum merupakan salah sebuah komponen yang sangat menentukan dalam satu sistem pendidikan, kerana kurikulum merupakan alat untuk mencapai matlamat pendidikan dan sebagai petunjuk perlaksanaan pengajaran dan pembelajaran pada semua peringkat pendidikan. Sistem pendidikan di Indonesia, dimulakan tahun 2006, telah menjalankan satu model kurikulum dengan apa yang dikenali sebagai KTSP (Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan). Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti orientasi kurikulum dan konsepsi pengajaran Fizik berasaskan pengalaman mengajar dan kelayakan akademik. Satu set soal selidik digunakan untuk mengumpulkan maklumat mengenai orientasi kurikulum dan konsepsi pengajaran dari sampel sebanyak 101 guru Fizik SMAN (Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri) di Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Dapatan kajian yang diperoleh melalui min dan analisis ANOVA dengan menggunakan SPSS 17. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa tahap orientasi kurikulum daripada guru dengan pengalaman mengajar lebih 15 tahun diperolehi paling tinggi dan tahap konsepsi pengajaran pula diperolehi tinggi. Kajian ini juga mendapati bahwa wujud perbezaan yang signifikan antara tahap orientasi kurikulum pengajaran Fizik berasaskan pengalaman mengajar, tetapi tidak dengan kelayakan akademik; serta wujud pula perbezaan yang signifikan antara tahap konsepsi pengajaran Fizik berasaskan pengalaman mengajar, tetapi tidak dengan kelayakan akademik. KATA KUNCI: Model kurikulum, subjek Fizik, guru sekolah menengah, pengalaman mengajar, kelayakan akademik, dan keberkesanan pendidikan. ABSTRACT: “Curriculum Orientation and Conception of Effective Teaching the Physics in the School-Based Curriculum”. Curriculum is one of the crucial components in the education system, because the curriculum is a tool to achieve educational goals and as an indicator of teaching and learning at all levels of education. The education system in Indonesia, initiated in 2006, has carried out a model curriculum to what is known as KTSP (School-Based Curriculum). This study aims to identify the curriculum orientation and the teaching conception of Physics based on the teaching experience and academic qualifications. A questionnaire was used to collect information about the orientation of the curriculum and teaching conception of a sample of 101 teachers of Physics at SMAN (Public Senior High School) in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The results obtained by the mean and ANOVA analysis using SPSS 17. Findings showed that the curriculum orientation of teachers with teaching experience over 15 years is earned highest and the level of teaching conception also involved high. The study also found that there were significant differences between the orientation of Physics teaching curriculum based on teaching experience, but not with academic qualifications; and there was significant difference between the level of Physics teaching conception based on teaching experience, but not with academic qualifications.KEY WORD: Model of curriculum, Physics, high school teacher, teaching experience, academic qualifications, and effectiveness of education.  About the Authors: Husain ialah Pelajar Program Doktoral di Fakulti Pendidikan UTM (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia), Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; dan Prof. Madya Dr. Abdul Rahim Hamdan ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Fakulti Pendidikan UTM, Skudai, Johor Malaysia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi dengan alamat emel: husdisma22@gmail.comHow to cite this article? Husain & Abdul Rahim Hamdan. (2014). “Orientasi Kurikulum dan Konsepsi Pengajaran Fizik Berkesan dalam Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.7, No.1 [Mei], pp.79-88. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, UNHAS Makassar, and UNIPA Surabaya, ISSN 1979-0112. Chronicle of article: Accepted (March 25, 2014); Revised (April 30, 2014); and Published (May 20, 2014).