Nuryati, Yati
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VARIABILITAS HARGA TELUR AYAM RAS DI INDONESIA Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.609 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.133

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisis fluktuasi dan disparitas harga telur ayam di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data berkala bulanan untuk periode 2008-2011 dan metode statistik deskriptif (koefisien keragaman). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa dalam kurun waktu 2008-2011 terdapat kecenderungan penurunan fluktuasi harga telur. Wilayah yang mengalami fluktuasi harga yang tinggi adalah Maluku Utara, Jayapura, Manado dan Bengkulu. Disparitas harga telur ayam antar wilayah relatif tinggi bila dibandingkan dengan disparitas harga daging sapi. Alasan di balik tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah adalah konsentrasi produksi telur di sejumlah daerah tertentu, seperti Blitar, Medan dan Makassar. Selain itu, harga bensin dan rantai pasokan yang panjang juga mempengaruhi tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah. Namun demikian, ada kecenderungan penurunan disparitas harga untuk periode tahun 2008-2011. This study discusses the fluctuation of chicken egg price and price disparity across region in Indonesia. The analysis uses descriptive statistic (coefficient of variation) and monthly time series data for the period of 2008 to 2011. The results of analysis show that there is decreasing trend of price fluctuation over time. The regions that experienced high fluctuation of egg price are North Maluku, Jayapura, Manado and Bengkulu. Furthermore, the price disparity of chicken egg among regions is higher than that of price disparity of beef. The reason behind the high level of egg price disparity among regions is the concentration of egg production in certain areas such as Blitar, Medan and Makassar. In addition, the increasing price of gasoline and the long supply chain also influence the high level of egg price disparity among regions. However, there is a decreasing trend of egg price disparity in the period of 2008-2011
FAKTOR PENENTU INSTABILITAS HARGA PRODUK BERBASIS IMPOR (Kedele dan Gula) Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4037.697 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v4i2.156

Abstract

Price stability of staple food needs is one of the government’s policy priorities in anticipating the negative impact of the global economic crisis. Price instability in the long term could impact on high inflation, falling of purchasing power and political manipulation that would interfere the availability of strategic food products. The high price of staple food needs will certainly disturb the national food security. The aims of ths study is analyzing the factors that influence the instability of soybean and sugar price and determine how domestic patterns of integration and the price mechanism, as well as offering the necessary policy formulation related to the stabilization effort on imported base of staple food needs. Analysis using descriptive qualitative and quantitative dynamic econometric model that is structural vector autoregression (sVAR) and error correction model (ECM) using monthly time series data in 2000-2009. There is a strong integration between the world market commodity prices with price stability of soybean and sugar prices where transmission occurs in about 2-14 months. World price shocks and the impact of imports on price increases and reaches equilibrium at a higher price level. The mechanism of the international market is still strong enough to affect soybean and sugar domestic market. The implication show that price on imported base product such as sugar and soybeans still necessary to be implemented.
KINERJA PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA DENGAN KENAIKAN HARGA MINYAK MENTAH DUNIA Samah, A. Elly; Nuryati, Yati
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 2, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4429.42 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v2i1.163

Abstract

World market prices of crude oil have three digits, which has reached US $ 105,07 per barrel in September 2008. Rising oil prices are affecting the economy in the world including Indonesia, because the oil not only determined by supply and demand but also influenced by political factors. In Indonesia, rising prices had a significant impact to increased APBN deficits in 2008 amounted to  Rp 14.4 triliyun. In 2007, Indonesias economic growth reached 6.3%,  the inflation rate reached 6.5% and according to estimates quarter I-2008 inflation rate would be high due to the world price of crude oil is still high. This is possible because the increasing of crude oil price will trigger the price rising of oil for domestic industry. The results showed that any increase in the oil price from 10 industries potentially also increase inflation of about 0.2-0.3 which was achieved in 2-3 months later. LPEM UI research indicates that any increase in the price of oil by 16.7 will make inflation rate amounted to 0.98. Inflation rate was mainly triggered by a rate increase and sea transportation of 2.8-4.2 and then overtaken by increasing construction costs amounting to 2,04 as the impact of the oil price increment. Based on the results of the analysis of the rise in world oil prices in the long term can interfere with Indonesias economic growth. This is because in the long term increasing of crude oil price is likely to oil price and there is a tendency to rises subsidies. The implications of this are rising of oil price to APBN  because of the Government has to increase subsidies for oil  in order to anticipate increasing of  crude oil prices in the.  This subsidies are automatically burden APBN regarding of increasing of subsidies.
KAJIAN KEMITRAAN USAHA PERDAGANGAN ANTARA RITEL MODERN DENGAN PEMASOK Muslimin, Lukman; Nuryati, Yati
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 1, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1055.886 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v1i3.305

Abstract

Kemitraan usaha di dalam PP No 44/1997 adalah kerjasama usaha antara usaha kecil dengan usaha Menengah dan atau dengan Usaha Besar disertai Pembinaan dan Pengembangan olehUsaha Menengah dan atau Usaha Besar dengan menengah dan atau Usaha Besar dengan memperhatikan prinsip saling memerlukan saling memperkuat dan saling menguntungkan.Dalam prateknya ritel modern memberlakukan berbagai macam ketentuan dan syarat perdagangan (trading terms) yang menimbulkan pro kontra dandiangggap merugikan pemasok terutama pemasok UKM. Berbagai ketentuan dan trading terms yang diberlakukan dewasa ini sehinggga tercatat sekitar 35 bentuk, antara lain adanya listing fee, penalty service level, promotion discount dan biaya pasok lainnya yang dapat memberatkan pemasok dan menguntungkan ritel modrn. Kenyataan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa di satu sisi, ritel modern dapat bersaing dengan harga yang lebih rendah dari ritel tradisiopnal, namundi sisi lain justru dapat menekan margin pemasok.Analisa biaya, menunjukkan bahwa harga beli yang dibayar konsumen (consumer buying price) ke ritel modern lebih rendah dibandingakan ritel tradisional, tetapi keuntungan ritel modern lebih besar  karena diperoleh dari potongan trading termd yang terkadang di dalam harga beli ritel modern ( retailer buying price)) dari pemasok . Jangka pendek konsumen diuntungkan, efeknya retailer biasa tidak laku, margin pemasok semakin tipis. Pada giliran selanjutnya , pemasok , prodosen harus menaikan harga retailer buying price, krena harus meminimalisir jual rugi ke Hypermaket dan pada ujung terakhir konsumen yang dirugikan.Kondisi tersebut menunjukaknnbahwa terjadi dominant bayer power . dalam kondisi demikian , praktek traiding terms dapat dirterima apabila dengan alas an efisiensi dan penguatan pasar ; namun harus diatasi oleh pemerintah apabila terjadi eksploitasi, atau abuse buyer power, untuk itu penelitian ini mengalisis struktur pasar, prilaku pasar dan kinerja pasarbserta cost and benefit untuk mengungkapkan mengapa pratek trading terms berjalan tanpa kendali dan bagaimana kemitraan usaha perdagangan yang efisien antara ritel modern dengan pemasok UKM dapat berjalan.
ANALISIS FAKTOR DAN PROYEKSI KONSUMSI PANGAN NASIONAL: KASUS PADA KOMODITAS: BERAS, KEDELAI DAN DAGING SAPI Nur, Yudha Hadian; Nuryati, Yati; Resnia, Ranni; Santoso, Ahmad Sigit
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i1.137

Abstract

Ketahanan pangan merupakan isu yang selalu menjadi perhatian pemerintah Indonesia. Hal ini terbukti dengan tingginya intensitas kebijakan pada pasar bahan pangan pokok. Studi ini bertujuan: 1) mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi secara nasional; 2) mengestimasi elastisitas permintaan dan penawaran beras, kedelai, dan daging sapi; 3) mengestimasi konsumsi beras, kedelai, dan daging sapi untuk periode 2011 – 2013; 4) merekomendasikan kebijakan terkait produksi dan konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi. Analisis ini menggunakan metode OLS untuk mengestimasi elastisitas penawaran dan permintaan, serta LA/AIDS model untuk mengestimasi konsumsi komoditi tersebut. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi beras dan kedelai inelastis terhadap harga, sedangkan konsumsi daging sapi elastis terhadap harga daging sapi itu sendiri. Analisis proyeksi konsumsi menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi diperkirakan akan meningkat 2,2 %, 0,8%, dan 4% per tahun. Perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya dalam rangka peningkatan produksi, produktivitas dan upaya stabilisasi pasokan dan harga untuk menjamin keterjangkauan konsumsi pangan. Food security has always been an imperative issue for any ruling Indonesian government. Highly-regulated staple foods market indicates their strategic roles in the Indonesian economy. The objectives of this paper are 1) to identify factors affecting the level of national consumption on rice, soybeans and beef; 2) to estimate supply and demand elasticity of rice, soybeans and beef; 3) to project the consumption of rice, soybeans and beef for 20112013; 4) to formulate a policy recommendation to sustain production and consumption of rice, soybeans and beef. This paper uses Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method to estimate supply and demand elasticity and Linear Approximation from Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) method to estimate the consumption of respective food commodities. The result shows that consumption of rice and soybeans are inelastic to their own prices while the consumption of beef is elastic to its own price. Consumption projection of the commodities shows that by 2013, consumption of rice, soybeans and beef will increase annually by 2.2%, 0.8% and 4%, respectively. It is necessary to issue the policies to increase production, productivity, and to have the stability of supply and price of respective commodities.
DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN INFLATION TARGETING TERHADAP BEBERAPA VARIABEL MAKROEKONOMI DI INDONESIA Nuryati, Yati; Siregar, Hermanto; Ratnawati, Anny
Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 9 No 1 (2006): JULY 2006
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21098/bemp.v9i1.153

Abstract

This paper discusses the effects of the inflation targeting framework on a number of macroeconomic variabels in Indonesia, especially after the enactment of Law No. 23/1999. The objectives of the paper are: (1) to describe the independence aspect of the inflation targeting policy; and (2) to highlight the effects of the inflation targeting on a set of main macroeconomic variables.The anaysis uses the Vector Autoregression (VAR) approach, emploting the time series data during the periode of 1998:1 to 2003:6. The main results of this research are: (1) The Central Bank (BI) independence is not yet effective in the implementation of the inflation targeting; (2) the shock on the interest rate affects price level and the exchange rate trivially; and (2) the factors that influence price’s variability are the base money, the interest rate, and the exchange rate. In the long run, a shock to the base money is more important than to the interest rate and to the exchange rate. The study suggests to use base money as the policy instrument of the monetary policy, instead of the short term interest.Keywords: monetary policy, independence, inflation targeting, VARJEL Classification: C32, E31, E52
Dampak Penerapan Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) Gula di Tingkat Eceran Terhadap Harga Gula Petani dan Stabilitas Harga Gula nuryati, Yati; wicaksena, Bagus; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 13 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2086.673 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v13i1.354

Abstract

Abstrak Pemerintah berupaya menjaga stabilitas harga bahan pangan pokok melalui berbagai kebijakan penetapan harga. Salah satunya adalah kebijakan penetapan Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) pada komoditas gula. Dalam implementasinya, penerapan HAP Gula di tingkat eceran dinilai berdampak pada penurunan harga gula di tingkat petani/produsen. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh penerapan HAP Gula terhadap harga lelang gula petani dan stabilitas harga gula, dan merumuskan rekomendasi kebijakan HAP Gula yang efektif. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis ekonometrik melalui Error Correction Model (ECM), hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan HET berpengaruh terhadap harga lelang gula petani dalam jangka pendek. Dalam jangka panjang, harga lelang gula petani lebih ditentukan oleh harga gula impor, stok gula nasional, dan harga lelang gula pada periode sebelumnya. Kebijakan yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap harga lelang gula yaitu penerapan PPN Gula. Kajian ini merekomendasikan bahwa penetapan kebijakan HAP pada komoditi gula dapat terus dilakukan dalam rangka stabilisasi harga dengan melakukan evaluasi secara berkala. Pemerintah dapat mempertahankan HAP gula sebesar Rp 12.500/kg yang didukung oleh beberapa hal yaitu: menangguhkan penerapan PPN gula petani; mengawasi keberadaan satgas pangan; menerapkan pengawasan pasar gula yang memberikan kepastian pada petani, pabrik gula, dan konsumen. Kata Kunci:  Kebijakan HAP, Error Correction Model (ECM), Stabilisasi Harga Gula   Abstract The Government strives to keep price stability of staple food through price policy, the so-called “Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) for sugar”. During its implementation, the policy has given negative impact on farm gate price. This study aims to analyze the effect of HAP for sugar to farm gate price which is reflected in auction price as well as its impact to price stabilization, and formulate effective policy recommendations on HAP for sugar. Using Error Correction Model (ECM), the study shown that HAP for sugar significantly impacted the auction price yet in the short term. While for the long term, the auction price of sugar was more affected by import sugar price, national sugar stock, and sugar auction price in previous period. Moreover, the implementation of value added tax (VAT) on sugar affected significantly to the auction price. The study recommended the HAP for sugar can be consistently implemented with periodic evaluation. Accordingly, the Government can maintain the prevailing HAP at Rp 12.500/kg which has to be supported by forgoing the VAT policy on sugar; monitoring the role of task force; and strongly supervising the domestic sugar market that is favourable to farmers, sugar millers, and consumers. Keywords: Price Policy, Error Correction Model (ECM), Sugar Price Stabilization JEL Classification: E31, Q13,Q18