Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Kementerian Perdagangan

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PENERAPAN PRINSIP TANGGUNG JAWAB MUTLAK (STRICT LIABILITY) DALAM RANGKA PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN Nur, Yudha Hadian; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.289 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v5i2.127

Abstract

Indonesia’s population is about 235 million in 2010, which becomes a potential market for producers. However, these situations become a problem because of the low education and other social economic problems which cause exploitation on consumer. Although the Law no 8, year of 1999 on consumer protection was launched by the government, the law enforcement on consumer protection is still in question. One of the alternative solutions that can be raised is the regulation of the amendment of consumer protection law by adding the principles of strict liability. It should also include the design for the area of business to be enforced, including the producers who become the subject of the provision.
PENGELOMPOKAN KOMODITI BAHAN PANGAN POKOK DENGAN METODE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 8, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1188.11 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v8i2.81

Abstract

Pemerintah sampai saat ini belum memiliki daftar komoditi bahan pangan pokok (Bapok) yang konsisten. Terdapat perbedaan pandangan tentang komoditi Bapok antar lembaga pemerintah, misalnya Surat Keputusan Menteri Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian No. Kep28/M.EKON/05/2010 dan Renstra Kementerian Perdagangan 2010-2014 memasukkan komoditi Bapok yang berbeda. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mencari kriteria penentuan suatu komoditi untuk dikategorikan sebagai Bapok dan mengusulkan komoditi-komoditi potensial untuk Bapok dengan menggunakan metode Analytical Hierarchy Process. Hasil temuan menyimpulkan enam kriteria penentu komoditas sebagai Bapok yaitu pangsa pengeluaran komoditi dalam pengeluaran pangan rumah tangga; kontribusi kandungan komoditi terhadap karbohidrat; konsumsi terhadap protein; frekuensi konsumsi; kontribusi konsumsi komoditi terhadap vitamin dan mineral; serta pangsa produksi domestik terhadap konsumsi. Berdasarkan kriteria tersebut, calon Bapok yang diusulkan adalah beras, telur ayam ras, kedelai (tahu dan tempe), daging ayam ras, ikan kembung segar, ikan bandeng segar, gula pasir, susu, minyak goreng, dan terigu. The government still does not have consistent list of commodities that classified  as staple food. There is a difference view on the staple foods among government institutions. The Economic Coordinating Ministry’s decision letter No. Kep-28/M.EKON/05/2010 and The Ministry of Trade Strategic Plan 2010-2014 for example, listed diiferent kind of staple foods. The aim of this paper is to identify the criteria of commodity which can be classified as staple food  and to identify potential commodities that can be included as staple food by using Analytical Hierarchy Process. Six criteria of staple food are  expenditure share of food in household spending; contribution to carbohydrate; consumption of the protein; frequency of consumption; contribution to vitamins and minerals; as well as the share of domestic production to consumption. Based on these criterias, the candidates of proposed staple foods are rice, eggs, tofu and tempe, chicken meat, fresh mackerel, fresh milk, fish, sugar, milk, cooking oil, and wheat flour.
FAKTOR PENENTU INSTABILITAS HARGA PRODUK BERBASIS IMPOR (Kedele dan Gula) Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1615.501 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v4i2.156

Abstract

Price stability of staple food needs is one of the government’s policy priorities in anticipating the negative impact of the global economic crisis. Price instability in the long term could impact on high inflation, falling of purchasing power and political manipulation that would interfere the availability of strategic food products. The high price of staple food needs will certainly disturb the national food security. The aims of ths study is analyzing the factors that influence the instability of soybean and sugar price and determine how domestic patterns of integration and the price mechanism, as well as offering the necessary policy formulation related to the stabilization effort on imported base of staple food needs. Analysis using descriptive qualitative and quantitative dynamic econometric model that is structural vector autoregression (sVAR) and error correction model (ECM) using monthly time series data in 2000-2009. There is a strong integration between the world market commodity prices with price stability of soybean and sugar prices where transmission occurs in about 2-14 months. World price shocks and the impact of imports on price increases and reaches equilibrium at a higher price level. The mechanism of the international market is still strong enough to affect soybean and sugar domestic market. The implication show that price on imported base product such as sugar and soybeans still necessary to be implemented.
Dampak Penerapan Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) Gula di Tingkat Eceran Terhadap Harga Gula Petani dan Stabilitas Harga Gula nuryati, Yati; wicaksena, Bagus; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 13 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v13i1.354

Abstract

Abstrak Pemerintah berupaya menjaga stabilitas harga bahan pangan pokok melalui berbagai kebijakan penetapan harga. Salah satunya adalah kebijakan penetapan Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) pada komoditas gula. Dalam implementasinya, penerapan HAP Gula di tingkat eceran dinilai berdampak pada penurunan harga gula di tingkat petani/produsen. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh penerapan HAP Gula terhadap harga lelang gula petani dan stabilitas harga gula, dan merumuskan rekomendasi kebijakan HAP Gula yang efektif. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis ekonometrik melalui Error Correction Model (ECM), hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan HET berpengaruh terhadap harga lelang gula petani dalam jangka pendek. Dalam jangka panjang, harga lelang gula petani lebih ditentukan oleh harga gula impor, stok gula nasional, dan harga lelang gula pada periode sebelumnya. Kebijakan yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap harga lelang gula yaitu penerapan PPN Gula. Kajian ini merekomendasikan bahwa penetapan kebijakan HAP pada komoditi gula dapat terus dilakukan dalam rangka stabilisasi harga dengan melakukan evaluasi secara berkala. Pemerintah dapat mempertahankan HAP gula sebesar Rp 12.500/kg yang didukung oleh beberapa hal yaitu: menangguhkan penerapan PPN gula petani; mengawasi keberadaan satgas pangan; menerapkan pengawasan pasar gula yang memberikan kepastian pada petani, pabrik gula, dan konsumen. Kata Kunci:  Kebijakan HAP, Error Correction Model (ECM), Stabilisasi Harga Gula   Abstract The Government strives to keep price stability of staple food through price policy, the so-called “Harga Acuan Pembelian (HAP) for sugar”. During its implementation, the policy has given negative impact on farm gate price. This study aims to analyze the effect of HAP for sugar to farm gate price which is reflected in auction price as well as its impact to price stabilization, and formulate effective policy recommendations on HAP for sugar. Using Error Correction Model (ECM), the study shown that HAP for sugar significantly impacted the auction price yet in the short term. While for the long term, the auction price of sugar was more affected by import sugar price, national sugar stock, and sugar auction price in previous period. Moreover, the implementation of value added tax (VAT) on sugar affected significantly to the auction price. The study recommended the HAP for sugar can be consistently implemented with periodic evaluation. Accordingly, the Government can maintain the prevailing HAP at Rp 12.500/kg which has to be supported by forgoing the VAT policy on sugar; monitoring the role of task force; and strongly supervising the domestic sugar market that is favourable to farmers, sugar millers, and consumers. Keywords: Price Policy, Error Correction Model (ECM), Sugar Price Stabilization JEL Classification: E31, Q13,Q18