Nur, Yudha Hadian
Kementerian Perdagangan

Published : 8 Documents
Articles

Found 8 Documents
Search

PENERAPAN PRINSIP TANGGUNG JAWAB MUTLAK (STRICT LIABILITY) DALAM RANGKA PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN Nur, Yudha Hadian; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.289 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v5i2.127

Abstract

Indonesia’s population is about 235 million in 2010, which becomes a potential market for producers. However, these situations become a problem because of the low education and other social economic problems which cause exploitation on consumer. Although the Law no 8, year of 1999 on consumer protection was launched by the government, the law enforcement on consumer protection is still in question. One of the alternative solutions that can be raised is the regulation of the amendment of consumer protection law by adding the principles of strict liability. It should also include the design for the area of business to be enforced, including the producers who become the subject of the provision.
VARIABILITAS HARGA TELUR AYAM RAS DI INDONESIA Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.536 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i2.133

Abstract

Tulisan ini menganalisis fluktuasi dan disparitas harga telur ayam di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data berkala bulanan untuk periode 2008-2011 dan metode statistik deskriptif (koefisien keragaman). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa dalam kurun waktu 2008-2011 terdapat kecenderungan penurunan fluktuasi harga telur. Wilayah yang mengalami fluktuasi harga yang tinggi adalah Maluku Utara, Jayapura, Manado dan Bengkulu. Disparitas harga telur ayam antar wilayah relatif tinggi bila dibandingkan dengan disparitas harga daging sapi. Alasan di balik tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah adalah konsentrasi produksi telur di sejumlah daerah tertentu, seperti Blitar, Medan dan Makassar. Selain itu, harga bensin dan rantai pasokan yang panjang juga mempengaruhi tingginya tingkat disparitas harga telur antar daerah. Namun demikian, ada kecenderungan penurunan disparitas harga untuk periode tahun 2008-2011. This study discusses the fluctuation of chicken egg price and price disparity across region in Indonesia. The analysis uses descriptive statistic (coefficient of variation) and monthly time series data for the period of 2008 to 2011. The results of analysis show that there is decreasing trend of price fluctuation over time. The regions that experienced high fluctuation of egg price are North Maluku, Jayapura, Manado and Bengkulu. Furthermore, the price disparity of chicken egg among regions is higher than that of price disparity of beef. The reason behind the high level of egg price disparity among regions is the concentration of egg production in certain areas such as Blitar, Medan and Makassar. In addition, the increasing price of gasoline and the long supply chain also influence the high level of egg price disparity among regions. However, there is a decreasing trend of egg price disparity in the period of 2008-2011
FAKTOR PENENTU INSTABILITAS HARGA PRODUK BERBASIS IMPOR (Kedele dan Gula) Nuryati, Yati; Nur, Yudha Hadian; Prabowo, Dwi Wahyuniarti
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1615.501 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v4i2.156

Abstract

Price stability of staple food needs is one of the government’s policy priorities in anticipating the negative impact of the global economic crisis. Price instability in the long term could impact on high inflation, falling of purchasing power and political manipulation that would interfere the availability of strategic food products. The high price of staple food needs will certainly disturb the national food security. The aims of ths study is analyzing the factors that influence the instability of soybean and sugar price and determine how domestic patterns of integration and the price mechanism, as well as offering the necessary policy formulation related to the stabilization effort on imported base of staple food needs. Analysis using descriptive qualitative and quantitative dynamic econometric model that is structural vector autoregression (sVAR) and error correction model (ECM) using monthly time series data in 2000-2009. There is a strong integration between the world market commodity prices with price stability of soybean and sugar prices where transmission occurs in about 2-14 months. World price shocks and the impact of imports on price increases and reaches equilibrium at a higher price level. The mechanism of the international market is still strong enough to affect soybean and sugar domestic market. The implication show that price on imported base product such as sugar and soybeans still necessary to be implemented.
DAYA SAING TEMBAKAU VIRGINIA LOKAL DI PASAR DALAM NEGERI Nur, Yudha Hadian; Apriana, Devi
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.239 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v7i1.101

Abstract

Sebagai bahan baku utama industri rokok Indonesia terutama untuk pembuatan rokok sigaret putih, tembakau Virginia lokal belum mampu memenuhi kebutuhan industri rokok dalam negeri. Studi ini mengkaji kemampuan daya saing tembakau Virginia lokal di pasar domestik dibandingkan dengan tembakau Virginia impor dengan menggunakan Competitive Position Analysis (CPA) yang menitikberatkan kepada cost based dan quality based competitiveness. Data yang dianalisa didasarkan kepada data tembakau Virginia yang diproduksi di Bojonegoro (Jawa Timur) dan Lombok Timur (Nusa Tenggara Barat). Daya saing tembakau ditentukan oleh harga yang kompetitif, kualitas, rasa, dan pasokan yang stabil dan berkesinambungan. Ternyata harga jual tembakau Virginia lokal kurang kompetitif. Dari sisi kualitas, tembakau lokal mempunyai kualitas yang relatif rendah karena diferensiasi, varietas, dan rasa yang lebih terbatas. Secara umum, posisi daya saing tembakau Virginia lokal di pasar dalam negeri masih kalah dengan produk sejenis dari impor. Budidaya yang efektif dan efisien dengan bimbingan teknis dan tersedianya varietas unggul yang beragam harus diupayakan untuk meningkatkan daya saingnya di pasar domestik. Local Virginia tobacco is the main material for the production of white cigarretes in Indonesia, but local supply is unable to meet increasing domestic demand. This paper studies the competitiveness of local Virginia tobacco in the domestic market compared to imported products by applying Competitive Position Analysis (CPA). CPA analyzes both quality and cost based competitiveness. The data used in this study are from field research in Bojonegoro (Jawa Timur) and Lombok Timur (Nusa Tenggara Barat). This study finds that the factors affecting the competitiveness of local tobacco are price, quality, taste, and stable and continue supply. The price of local Virginia tobacco is less competitive and the quality is low due to limited products and variety and poor taste. Therefore, the competitive position of local Virginia tobacco is low. To improve the competitivenes of Indonesian tobacco, the government should provide farmers with extension services on effective and efficient farming techniques and promote the availability of better varieties of tobacco seeds.
KLAUSULA BAKU DALAM BIDANG PERUMAHAN Nur, Yudha Hadian; Carolina, Ratna Anita
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 4, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.718 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v4i1.147

Abstract

Standard agreement is one of the instruments used in the business that aim to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of transactions conducted between businesses and consumers. But the problem that often occurs is the standard agreement does not reflect a balanced position between businesses and consumers. In line with this problem, this study aims to identify deviations to the provisions of Article 18 of Consumer Protection Law on standard clauses, particularly in the housing sector, and identify consumer understanding of the existence of standard clauses and the impact after the signing the sale purchase agreement (PPJB) of house. This study was conducted in five regions namely Jabodetabek, Bandung, Surabaya, Batam and Makassar. The analytical method used collecting data the depth interviews with stakeholders, analysis of the contents of the PPJB document, and the descriptive analysis of the survey to the consumer respondents. The results of this study show that in general, there are several housing developers who include standard clauses that are prohibited in the PPJB of house and other documents which are an integral part of the PPJB. In addition, the analysis also show that although the consumer has read the PPJB document, the average consumer does not understand the intent of these agreements. This is due to the bonafides developers and confidence to the developers. Based on that problem, it is needed to increased sosialization of the rights and obligations of the consumers and businessmen to create the conducive business climate in the context of consumer protection.
ANALISIS FAKTOR DAN PROYEKSI KONSUMSI PANGAN NASIONAL: KASUS PADA KOMODITAS: BERAS, KEDELAI DAN DAGING SAPI Nur, Yudha Hadian; Nuryati, Yati; Resnia, Ranni; Santoso, Ahmad Sigit
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.357 KB) | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v6i1.137

Abstract

Ketahanan pangan merupakan isu yang selalu menjadi perhatian pemerintah Indonesia. Hal ini terbukti dengan tingginya intensitas kebijakan pada pasar bahan pangan pokok. Studi ini bertujuan: 1) mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi secara nasional; 2) mengestimasi elastisitas permintaan dan penawaran beras, kedelai, dan daging sapi; 3) mengestimasi konsumsi beras, kedelai, dan daging sapi untuk periode 2011 – 2013; 4) merekomendasikan kebijakan terkait produksi dan konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi. Analisis ini menggunakan metode OLS untuk mengestimasi elastisitas penawaran dan permintaan, serta LA/AIDS model untuk mengestimasi konsumsi komoditi tersebut. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi beras dan kedelai inelastis terhadap harga, sedangkan konsumsi daging sapi elastis terhadap harga daging sapi itu sendiri. Analisis proyeksi konsumsi menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi beras, kedelai dan daging sapi diperkirakan akan meningkat 2,2 %, 0,8%, dan 4% per tahun. Perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya dalam rangka peningkatan produksi, produktivitas dan upaya stabilisasi pasokan dan harga untuk menjamin keterjangkauan konsumsi pangan. Food security has always been an imperative issue for any ruling Indonesian government. Highly-regulated staple foods market indicates their strategic roles in the Indonesian economy. The objectives of this paper are 1) to identify factors affecting the level of national consumption on rice, soybeans and beef; 2) to estimate supply and demand elasticity of rice, soybeans and beef; 3) to project the consumption of rice, soybeans and beef for 20112013; 4) to formulate a policy recommendation to sustain production and consumption of rice, soybeans and beef. This paper uses Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method to estimate supply and demand elasticity and Linear Approximation from Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) method to estimate the consumption of respective food commodities. The result shows that consumption of rice and soybeans are inelastic to their own prices while the consumption of beef is elastic to its own price. Consumption projection of the commodities shows that by 2013, consumption of rice, soybeans and beef will increase annually by 2.2%, 0.8% and 4%, respectively. It is necessary to issue the policies to increase production, productivity, and to have the stability of supply and price of respective commodities.
Daya Saing Tembakau Virginia Lokal: Analisis Rantai Nilai Nur, Yudha Hadian; Salim, Zamroni
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 22, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Ekonomi-LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/JEP.22.1.2014.15-24

Abstract

Tembakau Virginia merupakan bahan baku utama industri rokok Indonesia terutama digunakan untuk pembuatan rokok sigaret putih. Meningkatnya impor tembakau Virginia secara langsung maupun tidak langsung berpengaruh terhadap produksi tembakau sejenis di dalam negeri. Studi ini mengkaji kemampuan daya saing tembakau Virginia local dengan menggunakan analisis rantai nilai (value chain). Metode Value Chain Analysis (VCA) digunakan untuk mengetahui keterkaitan yang ada dalam rantai nilai. Data yang dipakai adalah data dari penelitian yang dilakukan di dua daerah yaitu Bojonegoro (Jawa Timur) dam Lombok Timur (Nusa Tenggara Barat). Produksi dalam negeri belum bisa memasok sepenuhnya kebutuhan industri rokok dalam negeri, karena terbatasnya jumlah produksi, rendahnya kualitas tembakau yang dihasilkannya dan kontinyuitas pasokan tembakau. Rantai distribusi yang panjang menyebabkan harga yang tidak kompetitif dan kualiatas yang menurun, sehingga daya saingnya lebih rendah. Kebijakan intensifikasi lahan merupakan pilihan yang harus ditempuh daerah penghasil tembakau dengan terus meningkatkan kualitas tembakau yang dihasilkannya, sehingga produksi dan produktivitasnya meningkat untuk memenuhi pasokan tembakau virginia di dalam negeri.
Penentuan Komoditas Perkebunan Unggulan di Provinsi Jawa Barat Kharisma, Bayu; Nur, Yudha Hadian
MediaTrend Vol 14, No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Trunojoyo University of Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/mediatrend.v14i1.4779

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze superior plantation commodities in West Java Province, identify plantation superior commodities according to current potential aspects and future prospects and develop strategies for developing plantation superior commodities as a basis for reference to the direction of plantation development policies in West Java Province. The methodology used in this study is the Exponential Comparison Method (MPE) and the Borda Method to determine the potential of superior plantation commodity products. The next stage is to do projections (forecasting) by mapping the various commodities based on the results of the assessment of the current prospect and potential factors. Finally, formulate a variety of alternative strategies based on current potential and future prospects. Coffee plants are the main superior commodity belonging to the strategic commodity group of plantations in West Java. Furthermore, sugar palm plants are designated as the main superior prospective commodity. Finally, the indigofera plant is the main specific superior commodity determined based on the results of the Exponential Comparison Method (MPE). The mapping results and projections for strategic plantation commodities in West Java Province that have future prospects based on current potentials are coffee and deep coconut plants. Prospective commodity plantations in West Java Province that have future prospects based on current potential, namely sugar palm, pepper, patchouli and nutmeg, while local specific superior commodities of plantations in West Java have good prospects and high potential, namely indigofera, lemongrass fragrant, and mustache cat. The results of ranking and mapping or the position of strategic plantation commodities can be determined by several strategies which include short-term, medium-term and long-term development strategies.