Haryotejo, Bagas
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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUSEN MIE INSTAN DALAM PENERAPAN STANDAR NASIONAL INDONESIA Haryotejo, Bagas
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v7i1.103

Abstract

Saat ini terdapat beberapa produk pangan konsumsi yang beredar di pasaran yang belum diwajibkan menerapkan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI), diantaranya produk mie instan. Studi ini mengkaji berbagai pertimbangan pelaku usaha makanan mie instan dalam penerapan SNI sukarela dan persepsi pelaku usaha terhadap penerapan SNI yang dimaksud. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif dengan model Decision Matrix Analysis (DMA) dan analisis cost and benefit. Berdasarkan hasil kajian ini, faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perusahaan menerapkan SNI secara sukarela adalah pemahaman pelaku usaha terhadap materi SNI dan kemampuan lembaga penunjangnya, yaitu lembaga sertifikasi produk, supervisi dan pengawas mutu. Analisis cost and benefit atas persepsi perusahaan menunjukkan bahwa “image” menjadi pertimbangan yang dianggap sebagai benefit bagi perusahaan dalam menerapkan SNI. Sedangkan pertimbangan yang dianggap sebagai cost dalam penerapan SNI secara sukarela adalah biaya pembuatan dan peralatan instalasi laboratorium penguji mutu yang tersertifikasi. Dalam rangka mendukung penerapan SNI diperlukan sosialisasi dan pendampingan terhadap pelaku usaha, insentif pengadaan sarana dan prasarana laboratorium, serta pemangkasan waktu proses pengurusan SNI. Currently a number of consumer food products in the market, such as instant noodles, are not required to meet Indonesian National Standards (SNI). This study analyses what drives instant noodle manufacturers to voluntarily apply SNI and the perceptions of instant noodle manufacturers in implementing the SNI using Decision Matrix Analysis (DMA) and Cost and Benefit Analysis. This study finds that key factors in a manufacturer’s decision to voluntarily implement the SNI are whether it understands the SNI documentation and the capability of the supporting organizations such as product certification and supervision and oversight bodies. Using cost and benefit analysis this study finds that companies believe that they benefit from an improved “image” if they implement SNI. The biggest cost in voluntarily implementing the SNI is in establishing a certified testing laboratory. In order to support the implementation of the SNI, socialization and assistance to manufacturers should be conducted, incentives should be provided for the establishment of laboratory infrastructure, and the process to obtain an SNI certificate should be streamlined.
KAJIAN KEBIJAKAN PENGAWASAN MUTU BARANG EKSPOR HASIL PERTANIAN Haryotejo, Bagas; Fadilah, Yudi
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 3, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v3i1.172

Abstract

The increase in competitiveness level of the agricultural product export is associated with the ability to fulfil quality requirement from the export destination country, which becomes more stringent than before. Facts on the field reveal that the awarness level regarding quality product from the farmers/producers, intermediate trader, and exporter still low. In order to prevent the occurrence of subtsandar quality  product from Indonesia and to maintain potential market for Indonesia’s export products. Minister of Industry and trade has issued Ministerial Decree on the Standarization. Certification, Acreditation and Quality Control at the Ministry of Trade (Sk. Menperindag No. 108/MPP/Kep/5/1996) and Ministerial Decree on Mandatory Quality Control for Specific Ekspor Products (Sk Menperindag No. 164/MPP/KEP/6/1996), and its implementation regulation, the Secretary General of Ministry of Industry and Trade Decree No. 470/SJ/SK/VII/1996 on the Provisions and Procedures on the Quality Control for Specific Eksport Products. This research aims to identify problems in quality control for export products from regulation and implementation aspects. From regulation point of view, the research found that from the regulation aspect, the legal foundation regarding quality control for export products is no long valid. While from the implementation aspect, is it noted that the quality control activites were not conducted properly. Aside from that, there are no specifics criterias applied in determining export goods/products that must be take into quality control regime. This condition has led to pro and contra amongst the business entity. Therefore the formulation of the set criterias that can be used to determine/select comodities need to be put into quality control. The criterias are: (1) the quality control management infrastructure; (2) aquired SNI; (3) take into consideration Farmers’ability; (4) the comparative advantages; (5) the compliace to export destination country requirements and; (6) the existence of quality complaint mechanism from importer countries. It is also the current legal foundation on the regulations for products quality control and its substance needs to be revised in due time.
IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM RESI GUDANG (SRG) PADA KOMODITI JAGUNG: STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN TUBAN, PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR Listiani, Nurlia; Haryotejo, Bagas
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 7, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v7i2.113

Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan mengkaji berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi petani dalam memanfaatkan Sistem Resi Gudang dan menganalisis manfaat penerapan SRG di Kabupaten Tuban. Metode yang digunakan adalah model Decision Matrix Analysis dan Metode Value Tree Objective. Hasil analisis DMA menunjukkan bahwa faktor utama pemanfaatan SRG adalah ketersediaan sarana dan prasarana gudang. Manfaat terbesar yang diperoleh petani adalah keuntungan dari adanya selisih harga jual saat panen dengan paska panen. Namun demikian, belum semua petani bersedia menggunakan SRG. Oleh karena itu, penerapan SRG perlu (1) sosialisasi, edukasi, dan succes story agar dapat diikuti oleh para petani; (2) lembaga seperti koperasi untuk menampung hasil panen; (3) dryer khusus untuk komoditas jagung. This study aims to examine the various factors influencing the farmers in using the warehouse receipt system and to analyze the benefits and costs in applying SRG for corn in Tuban, East Java province. Decision Matrix Analysis model is used to analyze the main factors that control farmers to use the warehouse receipt system, while Value Tree Objective is used to analyze the benefit and cost from using the warehouse receipt system. Based on the DMA model, the main factor influencing the farmers in using the warehouse system is the availability of facilities and infrastructures that support the warehouse. The biggest benefit from using warehouse receipt system is a gain coming from the price difference between sale during harvest time and post harvest. However, there are still many farmers who are reluctant to use the system. In order to encourage farmers, the implementation of SRG needs (1) socialization, education, and presenting success story; (2) the establishment of an institution like cooperative to load the harvest; (3) provision of special drier for corn.