Jumaini, Jumaini
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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PENGALAMAN WANITA PEKERJA SEKSUAL DALAM MENJALANI PROGRAM VOLUNTARY COUNSELING AND TESTING (VCT) HIV/AIDS

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Abstract

HIV testing service called Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is a service that can be accessed easily by WPS, to know their HIV status and their behavioral change in HIV prevention. This study was qualitative research with phenomenology of approach. The purpose of this study was to describe experience of WPS in doing VCT in Jondul Localization. Four participants were selected by purposive sampling method and data were collected by in-depthinterview which completed by field note and analyzed by Colaizzi method. This study identified four major themes: (1) understanding about HIV/AIDS, (2) understanding of VCT (3) hope of keep doing VCT implementation (4) the risks of working as WPS. All of participants got information about HIV/AIDS or sexual transmitted diseases when they did VCT, it was useful to behavioral change and preventive efforts. Through this information, the WPS can knew about her HIV statues, treatment, and feels cared by health workers. Partisipants realized that their work is high risk to infected by HIV/AIDS, so used condom during working and refuse customers that didn’t want to use condom. Beside that, WPS plan to stop working as a preventive efforts. Some hopes from WPS in VCTimplementation, especially for the government that VCT continues to be implemented. The results of this study recommends to WPS for routinely undergo VCT, and recommended to health workers to keep continually preventive efforts by VCT to minimizing the incidence of HIV/AIDS.Keywords: HIV/AIDS, VCT, Women Sexual Workers.

PERBEDAANEFEKTIFITASMENGUNYAH PERMEN KARET RENDAH GULA DAN MENGULUM GRAPEICE CUBETERHADAP RASA HAUS PADA PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIS YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISIS

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Thirs is the general condition that have been in patient undergoing hemodyalisis causedby decrease secretion of saliva.The purpose of this research is to know effectiveness of chewing bubble gum and suck grape ice cube against thirst forpatient chronic kidney disease that undergoing hemodialysis that has been done at RSUD Arifin Ahmad Riau Province.The design of this research is quantative research with quasy eksperiment and pre test – post test design with twocomparisons approach with 34 respondents that taken by inclusion criteria that use purposive sampling technic. Theinstruments that use in this research is Visual Analogy Scale. The analysis in this research is bivariate that useWilcoxon and Mann-Whitney test. The result showed difference of average thirst score after and before chewing bubblegum with p value 0.029 > α (0.05). Difference of thirst score average after and before suck grape ice have p value0.000 < α (0.05). Difference of thirst score average on chewing bubble gum group and suck grape ice cube after givenintervention have p value 0.116 > α (0.05), that showed there is no difference average thirst score of chewing bubblegum and suck grape ice cube for patient chronic kidney disease that undergoing hemodialysis.Keyword: Chewing bubble gum, Chronic kidney disease, Suck grape ice cube, Thirst

HUBUNGAN BEBAN KERJA TERHADAP MEKANISME KOPING PERAWAT DI RUANG RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT JIWA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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Adaptive coping mechanism is needed by nurses in dealing with workload, so nurses can provide good service to patients and families. The aim of this research is to determine the correlation of Nurse’s Workload to Coping Mechanisms inpatient care at Tampan Mental Institution Riau Province. This research was using descriptive correlational design with cross sectional approach. The number of sample was 48 nurses in wards taken with using total sampling technique. The instrument of this research was questionnaire with 25 statement of workload and 15 statement of coping mechanisms. Analysis used were univariate analysis to determine the frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using chi square. The result of the research shows that respondent that had a hard workload do the adaptive coping mechanism as manya as 15 people (65,2%), and the respondent that had hard workload do the maladaptive coping mechanism as many as 8 people (34,8%) while the respondent that had a light workload do the adaptive coping mechanism as many as 10 people (40%) and respondent who had a light workload do the maladaptive coping mechanism as manya as 15 people (60%). The statistical results showed p value (0,145) > α (0,05), it can be concluded that there is no correlation between nurses workload and coping mechanisms of nurse inpatient care in Tampan Mental Institution Riau Province. Even though there is no correlation, it is hoped that the Mental Institution can manage the workload in accordance with the rules that have been determined, so that the nurse is maximal in providing nursing services.   Keywords: Coping mechanisms, mental institution, workload of nurses

HUBUNGAN KECERDASAN SPIRITUAL DENGAN MASALAH MENTAL EMOSIONAL REMAJA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Spiritual intelligence is closely related to the tranquility of the soul which will also affect the emotional mentalcondition. This study aims to determine the relationship between spiritual intelligence and emotional mentalcondition of adolescents. This research was conducted at SMPN 18 Pekanbaru Riau utilizing the descriptivecorrelation research design using cross sectional approach. There were 71 respondents as the samples of theresearch. They were taken based on the inclusion criteria using simple random sampling technique. The measuringtools used were the spiritual intelligence questionnaire and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Theanalyses used were univariate analysis in order to know the frequency distribution and bivariate analysis usingalternative Fisher’s Exact Test. The results showed that among 53 respondents having high spiritual intelligence, 51respondents (96.2%) have abnormal emotional mental condition, and statistical test resulted in p value (1.000)>alpha (0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that Ho failed to be rejected which means there was not anyrelationship between spiritual intelligence and emotional mental condition of adolescents. It is recommended thatparents and teachers should improve the emotional mental condition of the students at school.Keywords: Adolescents, EmotionalMental Problems, Spiritual Intelligence

EFEKTIVITAS TERAPI MUSIK KLASIK MOZART TERHADAP PENURUNAN SKOR HALUSINASI PENDENGARAN PADA PASIEN SKIZOFRENIA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Music therapy can be used as a therapy for psychiatric disorders, medical problems and communication disorders. Oneof the therapies that can be utilized is the Mozart classical music therapy. This study aimed to determine theeffectiveness of Mozart classical music therapy against hallucinations in schizophrenic patients. This research used aquasi-experimental design in the form of nonequivalent control group design. The sample was 30 respondents dividedinto 15 experimental group and 15 control group. Samples were taken based on inclusion criteria using purposivesampling technique. The instrument used was the Auditory Hallucination Rating Scale (AHRC) questionnaire. Thestudy was analyzed by univariate analysis to know the frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using Wilcoxon andMann-Whitney. The results showed the mean of posttest hallucination score in the experimental group was 13.00 and inthe control group was 27.00. The study found that there was a significant difference in hallucination scores after givingMozart classical music therapy between the experimental group and the control group with p-value 0.000 <(0.05). So itcan be concluded that the therapy of Mozart classical music is effective on the reduction of hallucinations inschizophrenic patients. This study recommends the effectiveness of other therapies that can be associated withhallucinatory patients.Keywords:Hallucinations score, Mozart classical music therapy, schizophrenia

HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN TEMAN SEBAYA DENGAN KONSEP DIRI PADA REMAJA PUTUS SEKOLAH

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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The rates of adolescent dropout from school is still high enough until now. This phenomenon will affect adolescent selfdevelopment include the development of self-concept. Peer has a big influence on the development of adolescent selfconcept especially adolescent who live in the social institution. This study aims to determine the correlation between peer support with self-concept in the adolescent drop out of school with descriptive design correlation and cross sectional approach. The sample of this research is 70 respondents. The samples are taken by a total sampling technique. This measurement tool have been tested valid and reliable. The result of valid and reliable test to peer support questionnaire that is (r of count is 0,466-0,865) dan (alpha value > r table is 0,933 > 0,444) and result of valid and reliable test to self-concept questionnaire that is (r of count is 0,322-0,737) dan (alpha value > r table is 0,937 > 0,312). The analysis used is univariate analysis used descriptive test to know frequency distribution of respondent characteristics and bivariate analysis of used is a chi-square test to know correlation between peer support and selfconcept in the adolescent drop out from school. The result showed that there is a significant correlation between peer support and self-concept in the adolescent drop out from school with (p-value 0,002< 0,05: OR = 4,752). Adolescent dropout from school should develop mutually supportive relationships with peer group so that to always the formation of positive self-concept.  Keywords: Adolescent dropout of school, peer support, self-concept.

HUBUNGAN KEHARMONISAN KELUARGA TERHADAP RISIKO PENYALAHGUNAAN NAPZA PADA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Family harmony has something to do with mental health, especially with the risk of drug abuse. This study aims todetermine the relationship between family harmony and risk of drug abuse to adolescents in Satu Atap Teluk KenidaiState Junior High School with a descriptive research design and a correlation cross sectional approach. There were 81respondents as the samples of the research. They were taken based on the inclusion criteria using the total samplingtechnique. The measuring tool used was a set of questionnaire that has been tested for its validity and reliability. Theanalyses used were univariate analysis in order to know the frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using chisquaretest. The statistical test resulted in a P value of (0.000) < (0.05) which means there is a significant relationshipbetween family harmony and risk of drug abuse to adolescents in Satu Atap Teluk Kenidai State Junior High School. Theresult of research showed that family harmony was not the main factor of drug abuse but there were other factors suchas peer group, chance and school environment, so this research is expected to be the teenagers concern and they haveto be more selective in choosing friends and a good environment. Finally, they are supposed to be able to protectthemselves in order not to be easily affected by peers or communities which are not expected.Keywords: Adolescents, Family Harmony, Risk of Drug Abuse

HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DI LINGKUNGAN SEKOLAH DENGAN MASALAH MENTAL EMOSIONAL PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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The incidence of emotional and mental problems in school-aged children will affect the childs emotional development that begins to develop with the fakfor of social support in the school environment because children are almost every day in school. This study aims to determine the relationship between social support in the school environment with emotional and mental problems in school-age children in Public Elementary School 033 and 134 Pekanbaru with descriptive research design correlation and cross sectional approach. The sample of this research was 98 respondents taken based on the inclusion criteria using Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling technique. The measuring tool used was a questionnaire for social support variables in the school environment and an emotional and mental questionnaire (KMME) questionnaire for emotional and mental problem variables. The analysis used was univariate analysis to know frequency distribution of respondent characteristic and bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test. The results show that there was no relationship of social support in the school environment such as teacher social support, school climate and peer support with emotional and mental problems. The result of bivariate analysis showed p value (0,374-1,00)> α (0,05) meaning that there is no correlation between social support in school environment with emotional and mental problem in school age children. Emotional and mental problems that occur in children is not only influenced by the school environment but many factors that affect as internal factors. It is suggested to pay more attention to the emotional and mental problems that occur in school-aged children so as not to impede the emotional development of children who get worse in the future.Keywords: Emotional and mental problem, school-aged children, school environment

PENGARUH TERAPI BEKAM BASAH TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH PADA PASIEN DENGAN HIPERTENSI GRADE I DI RUMAH SEHAT MINA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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The case of hypertension keeps increasing as the population increases. Long lasting hypertension can cause permanent damage to vital organs such as heart, kidney and brain. Management of hypertension can be non-pharmacology, one of which is wet cupping therapy. This study aims to determine the effect of wet cupping therapy on blood pressure in patients with grade 1 hypertension at Rumah Sehat Mina with pre-experiment research design and one group pretest-postest design without control group. The sample was 24 respondents based on the inclusion criteria. The sample selection used nonprobability sampling technique with accidental sampling method. Data collection tools used are observation and interview sheets, manual sphygmomanometer, stethoscope and cupping equipment. Data analysis method used univariate analysis to know the distribution of respondent and bivariate characteristic using wilcoxon test. The results showed the characteristics of respondents were 40-60 years old (66.7%), with the most female sex (62.5%), the majority of high school educated (50.0%) and not working (37.5%). The result of statistical test found that there is a change of blood pressure, decreasing with difference of mean value of systole (4,67) and diastol (1,79). The statistical test showed the effect of wet cupping therapy on systolic blood pressure in patients with grade 1 hypertension with p value (0.003) <α (0.05), and there was no effect of wet cupping therapy on diastolic blood pressure in patients with grade 1 hypertension with p value (0.108)> α (0.005).Keywords: Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Wet Cupping Therapy

HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF PADA IBU YANG BEKERJA

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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Exclusive breastfeeding is a nutrient that is highly needed by the baby in the first six months of life. Working mothers require family support to be able to carry out exclusive breastfeeding practices and work. This study aimed to determine the relationship of family support and exclusive breastfeeding.The research design used was a correlational study with cross sectional approach. The place of research was in the working area of Harapan Raya Health Center that the technique of selecting the posyandu area for the sample of this research was using cluster sampling, while purposive sampling technique was applied to determine the sample consisting of 154 respondents. The instruments used were questionnaries. The bivariate data analysis used was Chi Square. The results showed that 51,3% of respondents received high family support with 49,4% giving exclusive breastfeeding to their babies. The results of data analysis using the Chi Square test showed that there was a relationship between family support and exclusive breastfeeding for working mothers (p value = 0.000 < α 0.05). The results of this study are expected to be used as recommendation for the Health Center to provide information about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding for infants aged 0-6 months and the significance of family support for working and breastfeeding mothers to be able to give breast milk exclusively.Keywords: Breastfeeding, family support, working mother