Nurchayati, Sofiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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HUBUNGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT INFEKSI TERHADAP KEJADIAN STUNTING PADA BALITA 1-4 TAHUN Solin, Angina Rohdalya; Hasanah, Oswati; Nurchayati, Sofiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Edisi 1 Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan

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Stunting (short) is the late growth of children which results in not reaching normal height, this is influenced by the presence of chronic nutritional problems, both in the mother / prospective mother during the fetus, nutrition at the age of infants / toddlers and infectious diseases suffered during infancy. The aim of the study was to see the relationship between the incidence of infectious diseases and the incidence of stunting in infants. This research was conducted at the Pekanbaru Rejosari Health Center with a descriptive correlation design study using a retrospective approach. The research sample was taken by accidental sampling on 30 respondents. The sample inclusion criteria were toddlers aged 1-4 years, toddlers who visited the Rejosari Health Center. The measuring instrument used is the meter and anthropometric table of the Indonesian Ministry of Health and a questionnaire about the frequency of diarrhea and ISPA that has been tested for validity and reliability. The statistical test results of diarrheal infectious disease on stunting events using the Chi-Square test obtained p value (0,000) < (α = 0.05) and the results of statistical tests for the incidence of ISPA infection against stunting events were obtained p value (0.001) <(α = 0.05) showed that there was a relationship between diarrheal infectious disease and ISPA in the incidence of stunting in infants with the results expected by the government to have a real effort on the health of children under five, to improve good nutrition and treatment for sick children in order to avoid infectious diseases which caused toddlers are left to experience infectious diseases for a long time.Keywords: Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (ISPA), Diarrhea, Infectious Disease and Stunting
PERBEDAANEFEKTIFITASMENGUNYAH PERMEN KARET RENDAH GULA DAN MENGULUM GRAPEICE CUBETERHADAP RASA HAUS PADA PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIS YANG MENJALANI HEMODIALISIS Dewi, Asmira; Nurchayati, Sofiana; Jumaini, Jumaini
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Thirs is the general condition that have been in patient undergoing hemodyalisis causedby decrease secretion of saliva.The purpose of this research is to know effectiveness of chewing bubble gum and suck grape ice cube against thirst forpatient chronic kidney disease that undergoing hemodialysis that has been done at RSUD Arifin Ahmad Riau Province.The design of this research is quantative research with quasy eksperiment and pre test – post test design with twocomparisons approach with 34 respondents that taken by inclusion criteria that use purposive sampling technic. Theinstruments that use in this research is Visual Analogy Scale. The analysis in this research is bivariate that useWilcoxon and Mann-Whitney test. The result showed difference of average thirst score after and before chewing bubblegum with p value 0.029 > α (0.05). Difference of thirst score average after and before suck grape ice have p value0.000 < α (0.05). Difference of thirst score average on chewing bubble gum group and suck grape ice cube after givenintervention have p value 0.116 > α (0.05), that showed there is no difference average thirst score of chewing bubblegum and suck grape ice cube for patient chronic kidney disease that undergoing hemodialysis.Keyword: Chewing bubble gum, Chronic kidney disease, Suck grape ice cube, Thirst
GAMBARAN KEPUASAN PASIEN PENGGUNA KARTU BPJS DI POLI RS SWASTA PEKANBARU Safitroh, MHD. Ali; Erwin, Erwin; Nurchayati, Sofiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Health is a basic human needs to be able to live a productive, decent and patient satisfaction BPJS card users is oneof the main indicators to know whether or not the service of RS. This research aims to know the description ofpatient satisfaction BPJS card users in Poly RS Private Pekanbaru with adescriptive quantitative research design. Theresearch sample is 100 people respondents is taken based on the criteria of inclusion of non probability samplingusing a technique that is purposive sampling. Measuring instrument used was a questionnaire to measure patientsatisfaction BPJS card users. The results showed 100 people from respondents who researched most patients basedon age level is adult end end 36-45 year i.e. as many as 27 people respondents (27%), sex women 54 peoplerespondents (54%), high school education 52 those respondents (52%),Private job 28 respondents (28%). Patientsatisfaction was based on a dimension of tangibles satisfied 88 respondents (88%) people, the less satisfied amounted to5 respondents (5%), reliability of patients satisfied people 69 respondents (69%), less satisfied 29 respondents (29%),responsiveness (91 people satisfied respondents 91%), less satisfied 4 respondents (4%), assurance satisfied 92 peoplerespondents (92%), less satisfied three people respondents (3%), 66 people satisfied emphaty respondents (66%), lesssatisfied 31 respondents (31%). Thus obtained a majority of patients BPJS card users were satisfied with the servicesprovided at the in poly RS Syafira Pekanbaru is as much as 86(86%). Advice so that more hospitals improve patientsatisfaction was created primarily in order for card users BPJS.Keywords: BPJS, Patient Satisfaction,Respondent
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KONSEP DIRI PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS PARU Wahyu, Selfita; Nurchayati, Sofiana; Herlina, Herlina
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Pulmonary Tuberculosis is the 9th cause of death in the world. The family plays a role in caring for sick familymembers, the individuals in the family make the family as hope, get information and help get treatment. Thepurpose of this research to determine the relationship between family support fo r the pulmonary tuberculosispatient and self-concept. This research used descriptive correlation design with cross sectional method.Sample of this reaserch are 49 respondents drawn based on inclusion criteria. This research using purposivesampling techniques. Data was collected by using questionnaire of family suppor and self -concept. Dataanalysis is done by univariat and bivariat analyze with chi suare test. The results shows the majority are late asmany as 31 people (63,3%), the majority of respondents are male as many as 36 people (73.5%), the majorityof respondents are wiraswasta status as 28 (57,1%) with the majority of last education is senior hight school asmany as 25 people (51.0%), based on responden characteristic the majority of respondent s have tuberculosisless then 6 month as 33 people (67,3%). The majority of respondents who have hight family support amountedto 30 (61,2.9%) and the majority of respondents who have positive self -concept as many as 27 people (55,1%).Result of this research show that there is relationship between family supoort and self -concept with p value(0.003) < α (0.05). The results of this research recommends that families can be a support system to providemotivation and encouragement that as to facilitate and provide information on the treatment about drugcompliance to tuberculosis patien’s.Keywords: Celf-concept, Family support, Tuberculosis
GAMBARAN PERSEPSI SUAMI TENTANG EFEK SAMPING KONTRASEPSI KB SUNTIK PADA ISTRI Saputri, Debby; Dewi, Yulia Irvani; Nurchayati, Sofiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Family planning (FP) is an act that helps couples to regulate birth spacing, and determine the number of children in thefamily. Injecting family planning users will experience physiological changes. he use of injecting FP will have animpact on the acceptors. One of the side effects of injecting FP is perceived as a physiological change such as weight,irregular menstruation, and others. These changes are also felt by the husband. The aim of this research wasto determine the description of the husbands perception of the contraceptive side effects of contraception injecting thewife. The research design used was a simple descriptive with a total sample of 35 people. The sampling technique usedcluster sampling technique conducted by randomization. Data collection tool used is questionnaire. The analysis used isunivariate analysis to see the frequency distribution. The results showed that most of the respondents had positiveperception about KB side effect on wife (54,3%). Based on research results, it is suggested for health services to keepreturning to provide education about contraception, and side effects.Keywords: Husband’s perception, Side Effects Of Injectable Contraception.
GAMBARAN INSOMNIA PADA REMAJA DI SMK NEGERI 2 PEKANBARU Zahara, Raudhatul; Nurchayati, Sofiana; Woferst, Woferst
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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Insomnia became part of sleep disorder which happen mostly in adolescent. The aim of this research was to know the description of insomnia in adolescent with descriptive design. The research used proportionate random sampling involucing 94 students that were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria by Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) questionaire. The univariat analysis was attached to determine the frequency distribution  and it showed thet 42 (44,7%) were 17 years old and 70 (74,5%) people were male, the difficulty started to sleep component were 30 people (31,9%), the difficulty to maintained sleep component were 34 people (36,2%), early wake up component were 27 people (28,7%). The satisfaction sleep component were 41 people (43,6%), the effect of sleep problem component were 43 people (45,7%), the anxiety about sleep problem component were 31 people (33,0%), the effect of sleep problem in daily activity were 34 people (36,2%) and the description of insomnia was majority in minor insomnia for 43 people (45,75%). It was recommended to adolescent to increased the sleep quality.  Keywords   : Adolescent, Insomnia, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KEMAMPUAN PERIKSA PAYUDARA SENDIRI (SADARI) DENGAN STADIUM KANKER PAYUDARA DI RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU Weldiani, Yulan; Nurchayati, Sofiana; Zulfitri, Reni
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2018
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Breast cancer is a cancer with a high prevalence. Many patients with breast cancer are often found in advanced stages which make the healing process more difficult. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge and the ability of breast self-examination (BSE) and breast cancer stage in Oncology Polyclinic of Arifin Achmad Hospital in Riau Province. The design of this research is descriptive correlation with cross sectional approach. There were 30 breast cancer patients taken as the samples using purposive sampling technique. The measuring tool used was a set of observation checklist sheets containing the steps of BSE ability and a questionnaire about knowledge of breast cancer and BSE that has been tested for its validity and reliability. The analyses used were univariate and bivariate analysis. The result of the research showed that the characteristic of the respondents were mostly at the age of 45-55 years old (early elderly) 11 respondents (36.7%), all respondents were female, and their last level of education was primary 13 respondents (43.3%). The majority of the respondents knowledge fell into a good category where there were 21 respondents (70%), the respondents ability of doing BSE mostly fell into a not really good category where there were 21 respondents (70%), and the breast cancer stadium of the respondents was at the advanced stage where there were 20 respondents (66.7%). The result of the statistical test shows that there is no correlation between knowledge and breast cancer stage (p-value = 0,204), and there is a relationship between ability of doing breast self-examination with breast cancer stage (p-value = 0,030). It is suggested that nurses should improve educating patients and society to early detect and prevent breast cancer incidence.Keywords: Breast Cancer, Breast Self-Examination (BSE), Knowledge
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN TAHAP HIPERTENSI Wandira, Marya Nasti; Nurchayati, Sofiana; Safri, Safri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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Hypertension is an increased blood pressure above normal seen from systolic or diastolic rates based on blood pressure measurement results. Hypertensive patients need family support, this is closely related to the implementation of patient hypertension management that will affect the patients blood pressure. The purpose of study was to identify the correlation between family support and hypertension stage. The design was descriptive correlational with cross sectional approach. The number of samples of this study are 73 people were selected using purposive sampling with inclusion criteria. This research used questionnaire that has been tested in validity and reliability, and this research used sphygmomanometer to determine the hypertension stage. The analysis used was univariate analysis distribution frequency and bivariate with Chi-square test. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between family support and hypertension stage with p-value=0.014 < α (0.05). Based on the results of this study, it is expected that the family can help patients in the management of hypertension to help reduce the patients blood pressure.   Keywords :Family Support, Hypertension, Hypertension Stage
HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DENGAN RISIKO GASTRITIS PADA REMAJA Juliani, Fista; Herlina, Herlina; Nurchayati, Sofiana
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Edisi 2 Juli - Desember 2018
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Adolescents tend to have a frequency of irregular eating, instant lifestyles and wrong eating patterns where adolescents like instant foods (fast food) that can cause gastritis. Symptoms in adolescents that often arise are pain and nausea. The aim of research is to know the relationship of eating pattern with the risk of gastritis in adolescents. The research design used is "Cross sectional" with the number of samples used as many as 81 people. The sampling technique used was proportionate stratified random sampling. Measurers used questionnaires about the frequency of eating, the type of eating, eating portion and the risk of gastritis that has been tested for validity and reliability. The analysis used is univariate analysis and bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test. Based on statistical test results obtained the frequency of eating with p value = 0,000 <0.05, the type of meal with p value = 0.000 <0.05, it can be concluded there is a relationship frequency and type of eating with the risk of gastritis. It is expected that students to keep the regularity of eating, the type of food consumed, and the portion of food eaten.  Keyword: Eating portion, frequency of eating, gastritis adolescent, type of eating