Muheramtohadi, Singgih
Quality Assurance Institute (LPM) State Islamic University Walisongo Semarang
Articles
5
Documents
PERBANDINGAN ANTARA FILSAFAT EKONOMI ISLAM DAN BARAT

JURNAL STIE SEMARANG Vol 10 No 3 (2018): VOLUME 10 NOMOR 3 EDISI OKTOBER 2018
Publisher : JURNAL STIE SEMARANG

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Abstract

Economic philosophy is an undeveloped theme in department of economy. Whereas during the 20th Century there is a clash of two big ideologies that caused by differences in economic philosophy, they are the capitalism and the socialism. These Two big streams often used as comparison object. This Writing, look at the two big streams in a same frame, that is the thought that arise in western worldview which different with Islamic worldview. So it is interesting to study the comparison between philosophy of Islamic economic and western economic through branchs of philosopy, they are ontology, epistemology and axiology. 

PERLINDUNGAN TERHADAP HARGA KOMODITAS PASAR (Telaah Pemikiran Ibn Taimiyyah)

At-Taqaddum Volume 10, Nomor 1, Tahun 2018
Publisher : Quality Assurance Institute (LPM) State Islamic University Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

 ABSTRACTThe Name of Ibn Taimiyyah often identified to Wahabi’s movement. The thought of Taimiyyah often blamed for the influence to Jihadist movement. So the research about Ibn Taimiyah’s thougt very important to do. In the exploration in Taimiyyah’s concept,  the writer found some pieces of Taimiyya’s teachigs relevant to  the current theories. One of them is the Price Formation in the Market and the role of Government in making the Price Regulation. And Taimiyyah’s Statements corespondent to Adam Smith’s Classical Economic Theory. Furthermore, islam have managed about price market protection. This Paper will discuss about the mechanism of price formation in market, the inhabiting factors in Price Formation in Market, the dangers caused by monopoly, and How islam have managed the economic behaviour. This Paper will discuss these themes according to Ibn Taimiyyah thoughts. ==================================================ABSTRAK Nama Ibn Taimiyyah sering diidentikkan dengan gerakan Wahabiah. Pemikiran Ibn Taimiyyah sering dijadikan kambing hitam karena pengaruhnya terhadap gerakan jihadis. Sehingga, penelitian terhadap pemikiran Ibn Tamiyyah penting dilakukan. Dalam melakukan eksplorasi terhadap pemikiran Ibn Tamiyyah, penulis menemukan beberapa bagian dari tulisan Ibn Taimiyyah yang sebenarnya relevan terhadap teori masa kini. Salah satu nya tentang Pembentukan Harga di Pasar dan Peran pemerintah dalam melakukan regulasi harga. Dan pernyataan-pernyataan Ibn Taimiyyah ternyata banyak yang sesuai dengan teori ekonomi, bahkan menyerupai teori ekonomi klasik yang dicetuskan oleh Adam Smith. Padahal Ibn Taimiyyah hidup sekitar 5 abad sebelum teori ekonomi klasik muncul.  Dan sebenarnya dalam islam sendiri terdapat kaedah perlindungan terhadap harga pasar.Tulisan ini mengupas tentang bagaimana mekanisme pembentukan harga di pasar? Faktor apa saja yang menghambat pembentukan harga di pasar? Dan apa peran pemerintah untuk mencegah distorsi terhadap harga di pasar? Apa bahaya monopoli terhadap keseimbangan di pasar? Dan bagaimana etika islam dalam mengatur perilaku ekonomi? Tulisan ini akan membahas tema-tema tersebut dengan menggunakan kerangka pemikiran Ibn Taimiyyah.

Tata Kelola Keuangan Negara Madinah Dan Relevansinya Dengan Konteks Keindonesiaan

El-Jizya : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (FEBI), Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Purwokerto

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Abstract

Financial Governance is one of many problems that face in Indonesia. The low of perception of Corruption Index, the budget waste, ineffeciency in budget alocation, and found so many of budget deviations. On other side, in early history of islam, financial institution have existed also known as Baitul Mal. From simpe institution form of Baitul Mal to organized institution in the age of Umar Ibn Khattab’s rule. Although Islam doesn’t teach the financial governance definitively, but there are some principles that relevant to solve thefinancial governance problems in present time. This write uses the description and analytical method, i.e to describe how to manage the financial in Baitul Mal and what values are contained that can be used in solving the financial governance’s problems. The results of this write are : 1) the govermance should restrict of expenditure budget, 2) the expenditures must be based on the real neeeds of people, especially for poor class. 3) to maximilize the revenue from large companies and cumstoms and excises. 4) to intensify the control of financial governance.

Hasil Musyawarah Keagamaan Kongres Ulama Perempuan Indonesia I dalam Sudut Pandang Ekonomi

Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 13, No 1 (2018): April
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Economic point of view is needed to view all human activities on the effort to meet the needs or profit collection. On this paper, economic approach to view the three big issues was resulted by the conference in Indonesia’s First Female Muslim Clerics Congress in Cirebon. These three issues consist of sexual violence, child marriage, and natural damage. In these con­ferences, view these three big problems in Islamic teaching. This paper tries to view these problems in economic basic view. The three big problems not only the problem of ethic merely these about the economic problem because the economic factors play a big role in these problems. This paper will discuss the problems with the description of the result of the conference, and analyze it with an economic approach. Mostly the destroyers of the environ­ment are motivated by economic behavior. Eco­nomic behavior also plays a role in most of the child marriage cases and in many of sexual violence cases.

A Comparative Study: The Economic Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marx

International Journal of Islamic Business and Economics (IJIBEC) IJIBEC VOLUME 2 NO. 1 JUNE 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business of Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pekalongan

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Abstract

This paper aims to compare the two great minds of Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marx in terms of their similaritiesand differences. In term of similarities, Ibn Khaldunsuggests the fall of empire sovereigntywhich is in linewith Karl Marx's idea of the ​​destruction of capitalism. According to Karl Marx, the development of modes of production from time to time is a necessity. Whereas, Ibn Khaldun in his book of Al-Muqaddimah argues thatthe fall of empire sovereignty is rooted in the nature of its power. Marx assumes that the capitalistsystem ‘inevitably’ will continuously foster the surplus value, while Ibn Khaldun states that the nature of power is about pursuing luxuries.This research applied descriptive comparative and qualitative approach.The study concludes that there are some similarities between Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marxalthoughthere are more distinct differences. This is because of the following factors:(1) life background, (2) assumption used by both figures, (3) social state of the society, and (4) influence of the previous scientific thoughts. The difference in the course of economic conception -work, surplus value, and the law of necessity-lies in the paradigm which both concepts use. Ibn Khaldun applies induction approach bysummarizing the general case of many historical events and disappearance of the former empires. Whereas, Marx uses class conflict approach as the basis for his theory. As its implication,similarities ofthese concepts do not necessarily require the same paradigm. A review of economic thought of the preceding figures should apply a contextual approach, that is, from the condition of the relevant figure.