Alamsyah, Dedi
Poltekkes Kemenkes Pontianak

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Beberapa Faktor Risiko Gizi Kurang dan Gizi Buruk pada Balita 12-59 Bulan Alamsyah, Dedi; Mexitalia, Maria; Margawati, Ani
Jurnal Vokasi Kesehatan Vol 1, No 5 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Pontianak

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Abstract

Abstract: Several Risk Factors Of Moderate And Severe Malnutrition In Children Under Five Years Old Aged 12-59 Months. The type of research was observational using case-control study and the qualitative study through the in-depth interview (mixed method). The research location was in Pontianak City. The number of samples was 80 people consisting of 40 people from a case and 40 people from control. Assessment of nutritional using anthropometry measurement based on weight for height. Height measurement using microtome and measure weighting scale. Result show that the multivariate analysis found two variables significantly associated with the prevalence of moderate and severe malnutrition in children under five years old aged 12-59 months, i.e.: poor of attitude toward food (OR = 6.980, p = 0.002, 95% CI = 1.998-24.385) and poor environmental health (OR = 5.033, p = 0.012, 95% CI = 1.432-17.683).Abstrak : Beberapa Faktor Risiko Gizi Kurang Dan Gizi Buruk Pada Balita 12-59 Bulan. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk membuktikan faktor risiko agent, host dan environment yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian gizi kurang dan gizi buruk pada balita di kota Pontianak. Penelitian ini bersifat observasional dengan pendekatan case control. Lokasi penelitian dilaksanakan di Kota Pontianak. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 80 orang, yang terdiri dari kasus sebanyak 40 orang dan kontrol sebanyak 40 orang. Penilaian status gizi menggunakan pengukuran antropometri berdasarkan berat badan per tinggi badan (BB/TB). Pengukuran tinggi badan menggunakan microtoise dan mengukur berat badan menggunakan timbangan balita. Berdasarkan hasil analisa multivariat menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan yaitu sikap ibu terhadap makanan buruk (OR : 6,98 p = 0,002 95 % CI 1,99-24,38) dan kesehatan lingkungan buruk (OR : 5,03 p = 0,012 95 % CI 1,43-17,68) dengan kejadian gizi kurang dan gizi buruk pada anak balita. 
Beberapa Faktor Risiko Gizi Kurang dan Gizi Buruk pada Balita 12-59 Bulan (Studi Kasus di Kota Pontianak) Alamsyah, Dedi; Mexitalia, Maria; Margawati, Ani; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Setyawan, Henry
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1: Februari 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Moderate and severe malnutrition cases in Pontianak City increases each year although a nutritional improvement program has been held by the Health Department of Pontianak City.Method: The type of research was observational using the quantitative study design of case control study and the qualitative study through in-depth interview (mixed method). The number of samples was 80 people consisting of 40 people from case and 40 people from control. Assessment of nutritional using anthropometry measurement based on weight for height. Height measurement using microtoise and measure weighting scale.Results: The multivariate analysis found 2 variables significantly associated with the prevalence of moderate and severe malnutrition in children under five years old aged 12-59 months, i.e.: poor of attitude toward food (OR = 6.980) and poor environmental health (OR =5.033). There were 9 variables which were not associated with nutritional status, not given exclusive breastfeeding, energy intake is less, protein intake is less, frequency of Severe Acute Respiratory Infection equal to over three times in the last two months, frequency of diarrhea equal to over three times in the last two months, low monthly family income, number of children more than two, low mother's education, and frequency of watching TV more than two hours a day.Conclusion: Based on the results above, it can be concluded that the risk factors associated with the prevalence of moderate and severe malnutrition are poor of mother's attitude toward food is poor health and poor environmental.