Purba, Martalena
Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

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Asupan zat gizi mikro dengan fungsi kognitif pada lanjut usia Rahmawati, Ade; Pramantara, I Dewa Putu; Purba, Martalena
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 4 (2012): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18218

Abstract

Background: The elderly population in Indonesia increased signifi cantly in the last two decades as the life expectancy increase from 66.7 years to 70.5 years with impact to the emergence of diseases in the elderly. One of them is degradation of cognitive function that may disrupt productivity, daily activities, and quality of life of the elderly. Adequate micronutrients intake may help in maintaining cognitive function.Objectives: To identify association between intake of micronutrients (vitamin B6, folate, vitamin C, and vitamin E) and cognitive function of the elderly at Among Yuswa Club of Banteng Baru, District of Sleman.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. Subjects were elderly people at Among Yuswa Club of Banteng Baru, District of Sleman. Data on cognitive function was obtained using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and intake of micronutrients were collected using Semi Qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ). The data was analysed by chi square and logistic regression tests.Results: The result showed statistically signifi cant association between cognitive function and intake of vitamin B6 (p=0.010; RP=2.514; 95%CI=1.133-5.575), vitamin C intake (p=0.011; RP=3.039; 95%CI=1.454-6.353) and vitamin E intake (p=0.021; RP=1.266; 95%CI=1.057-1.516); meanwhile folate intake has no signifi cant association with cognitive function (p>0.05).Conclusion: There were signifi cant associations between intake of vitamin B6, vitamin C and vitamin E with cognitive function. There was no signifi cant association found between intake of folate and cognitive function in the elderly.
Hipnoterapi untuk penurunan berat badan pada individu obes Nurlita, Hera; Purba, Martalena; Paramastri, Ira
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17460

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a major health problem. There is a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in many countries and in Indonesia. Evidence strongly suggests that dietary intake of high energy, high fatty foods and decrease physical activity are the primary causes of obesity. Obesity has been directly linked with mortality and morbidity from chronic diseases. Treatment for obese person involves multiple techniques and strategies including dietary therapy, physical activity, behavior therapy as well as combination of these strategies. Hypnosis enables someone to change habits, achieve goals to reduce weight and long-term weight loss maintenance.Objective: This study was conducted to know whether hypnosis have an effect for weight loss in obese people.Method: The study was a quasi-experimental with a pre and posttest control group design. Subjects were divided into two groups; 11 obese individuals received hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling and another 11 obese individuals received only nutrition counseling. Weight was measured at the beginning of the intervention and thereafter. Food intake was analyzed with computer software. Wilcoxon was used to analyze the data.Result: Results of study showed that weight reduction varied between case and control (with hypnotherapy and without hypnotherapy). The average weight loss among the two groups (3.29 kg in case and 0.60 kg in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). The average energy intake among the two groups (1278.4 kcal in case and 1659 kcal in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). Physical activity in case group was higher than the control group.Conclusion: A combination of hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling leads to a better weight reduction than the one without hypnotherapy.
Asupan zat gizi mikro dengan fungsi kognitif pada lanjut usia Rahmawati, Ade; Pramantara, I Dewa Putu; Purba, Martalena
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 4 (2012): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18218

Abstract

Background: The elderly population in Indonesia increased signifi cantly in the last two decades as the life expectancy increase from 66.7 years to 70.5 years with impact to the emergence of diseases in the elderly. One of them is degradation of cognitive function that may disrupt productivity, daily activities, and quality of life of the elderly. Adequate micronutrients intake may help in maintaining cognitive function.Objectives: To identify association between intake of micronutrients (vitamin B6, folate, vitamin C, and vitamin E) and cognitive function of the elderly at Among Yuswa Club of Banteng Baru, District of Sleman.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. Subjects were elderly people at Among Yuswa Club of Banteng Baru, District of Sleman. Data on cognitive function was obtained using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and intake of micronutrients were collected using Semi Qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ). The data was analysed by chi square and logistic regression tests.Results: The result showed statistically signifi cant association between cognitive function and intake of vitamin B6 (p=0.010; RP=2.514; 95%CI=1.133-5.575), vitamin C intake (p=0.011; RP=3.039; 95%CI=1.454-6.353) and vitamin E intake (p=0.021; RP=1.266; 95%CI=1.057-1.516); meanwhile folate intake has no signifi cant association with cognitive function (p>0.05).Conclusion: There were signifi cant associations between intake of vitamin B6, vitamin C and vitamin E with cognitive function. There was no signifi cant association found between intake of folate and cognitive function in the elderly.
Pengetahuan dan sikap orang tua hubungannya dengan pola konsumsi dan status gizi anak autis Martiani, Maria; Herini, Elisabeth Siti; Purba, Martalena
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 3 (2012): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18209

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased in recent years. In 1993 the prevalence of ASD was 2-4 cases per 10.000 children. The number increased significantly to 152 cases per 10.000 children in 2003 (0.15-0.2%). In addition to diet, nutritional status can be influenced by parent’s knowledge and attitudess toward children with autism. Improving parent’s knowledge and attitudess about autism can be an effective way to manage children with autism.Objective: To examine the relationship between parent’s knowledge and attitudes toward autism with dietary pattern and nutritional status of autistic children in SLBN Semarang.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. The subjects were students with autism who attended SLBN Semarang and their parents. A questionaire was used to collect the information on parent’s knowledge and attitudes toward autism, Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was used to obtain the data on gluten and casein consumption, whereas the data on nutritional status were measured by weight and height of the children. Chi square and Fisher Exact test were used to analyze the data.Result: As many as 55.3% of parents have good knowledge and 65.8% have a possitive attitudes toward autism. Fifty percent of children presented with good consumption pattern of gluten, 65% exhibited good consumption pattern of casein and 55.3% of autistic children had good consumption pattern of both gluten and casein. Almost half (47.4%) of the children were undernourished. There were no association found between parent’s knowledge and gluten and casein consumption (p>0.05); parent’s knowledge and nutritional status (p>0.05); and parent’s attitudes and nutritional status (p>0.05). Only parent’s attitudes towards autism was found to be associated with casein and gluten consumption pattern (p<0.05).Conclusion: There was a significant association between parent’s attitudes and consumption of gluten and casein in children with autism. 
Hipnoterapi untuk penurunan berat badan pada individu obes Nurlita, Hera; Purba, Martalena; Paramastri, Ira
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17460

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a major health problem. There is a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in many countries and in Indonesia. Evidence strongly suggests that dietary intake of high energy, high fatty foods and decrease physical activity are the primary causes of obesity. Obesity has been directly linked with mortality and morbidity from chronic diseases. Treatment for obese person involves multiple techniques and strategies including dietary therapy, physical activity, behavior therapy as well as combination of these strategies. Hypnosis enables someone to change habits, achieve goals to reduce weight and long-term weight loss maintenance.Objective: This study was conducted to know whether hypnosis have an effect for weight loss in obese people.Method: The study was a quasi-experimental with a pre and posttest control group design. Subjects were divided into two groups; 11 obese individuals received hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling and another 11 obese individuals received only nutrition counseling. Weight was measured at the beginning of the intervention and thereafter. Food intake was analyzed with computer software. Wilcoxon was used to analyze the data.Result: Results of study showed that weight reduction varied between case and control (with hypnotherapy and without hypnotherapy). The average weight loss among the two groups (3.29 kg in case and 0.60 kg in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). The average energy intake among the two groups (1278.4 kcal in case and 1659 kcal in control) were significantly different (p<0.05). Physical activity in case group was higher than the control group.Conclusion: A combination of hypnotherapy and nutrition counseling leads to a better weight reduction than the one without hypnotherapy.
Studi validasi indeks massa tubuh dan rasio lingkar pinggang panggul terhadap profil lipid pada pasien rawat jalan di Poli Jantung RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta Septiana, Tenta; Purba, Martalena; Hartriyanti, Yayuk
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17613

Abstract

Background: Obesity is one of nutrition status categories that can be measured with various methods, just like nutrition status. So far, anthropometric methods such as body mass index (BMI) and Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR) are commonly used due to their practicality and inexpensiveness. However, biochemical examination will give more objective result, apart from its ability to make early detection of body changes. Lipid profie is a biochemical method that can be used to predict excess of fat deposit (hyperlipidemia) that causes obesity.Objective: To identify validity of BMI and WHR compared to lipid profie of out-patient at cardiology clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design undertaken at cardiology clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. Samples were patients of over 40 years old that had blood lipid profie whose height, weight, waist and hip circumference could be measured and were willing to participate.  Patients on wheel chair or unable to stand up properly and wearing tight clothes were excluded. Sensitivity and specifiity test was made to assess the validity of BMI and WHR against lipid profile. Result: As many as 52 samples (53.6%) had hypercholesterolimia, 45 (46.4%) had normocholesterolemia. As many as 38 samples (39.2%) had hypertrygliceridemia, 59 (60.8%) had normotrygliceridemia. Based on BMI 76 samples (78.3%) were obese and 21 (21.7%) non obese. Based on WHR as many as 79 samples (81.5%) were of central obese and 18 (18.5%) non obese. Sensitivity of BMI and WHR was good but their specifiity was low.Conclusion: BMI and WHR could be used to detect hypercholesterolemia and hypertrygliceridemia due to their good sensitivity; but they could not be used to predict normocholesterolemia and normotrygliceridemia due to their low specificity.
Studi validasi indeks massa tubuh dan rasio lingkar pinggang panggul terhadap profil lipid pada pasien rawat jalan di Poli Jantung RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta Septiana, Tenta; Purba, Martalena; Hartriyanti, Yayuk
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17613

Abstract

Background: Obesity is one of nutrition status categories that can be measured with various methods, just like nutrition status. So far, anthropometric methods such as body mass index (BMI) and Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR) are commonly used due to their practicality and inexpensiveness. However, biochemical examination will give more objective result, apart from its ability to make early detection of body changes. Lipid profie is a biochemical method that can be used to predict excess of fat deposit (hyperlipidemia) that causes obesity.Objective: To identify validity of BMI and WHR compared to lipid profie of out-patient at cardiology clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design undertaken at cardiology clinic of Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. Samples were patients of over 40 years old that had blood lipid profie whose height, weight, waist and hip circumference could be measured and were willing to participate.  Patients on wheel chair or unable to stand up properly and wearing tight clothes were excluded. Sensitivity and specifiity test was made to assess the validity of BMI and WHR against lipid profile. Result: As many as 52 samples (53.6%) had hypercholesterolimia, 45 (46.4%) had normocholesterolemia. As many as 38 samples (39.2%) had hypertrygliceridemia, 59 (60.8%) had normotrygliceridemia. Based on BMI 76 samples (78.3%) were obese and 21 (21.7%) non obese. Based on WHR as many as 79 samples (81.5%) were of central obese and 18 (18.5%) non obese. Sensitivity of BMI and WHR was good but their specifiity was low.Conclusion: BMI and WHR could be used to detect hypercholesterolemia and hypertrygliceridemia due to their good sensitivity; but they could not be used to predict normocholesterolemia and normotrygliceridemia due to their low specificity.
Pengetahuan dan sikap orang tua hubungannya dengan pola konsumsi dan status gizi anak autis Martiani, Maria; Herini, Elisabeth Siti; Purba, Martalena
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 3 (2012): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18209

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased in recent years. In 1993 the prevalence of ASD was 2-4 cases per 10.000 children. The number increased significantly to 152 cases per 10.000 children in 2003 (0.15-0.2%). In addition to diet, nutritional status can be influenced by parent’s knowledge and attitudess toward children with autism. Improving parent’s knowledge and attitudess about autism can be an effective way to manage children with autism.Objective: To examine the relationship between parent’s knowledge and attitudes toward autism with dietary pattern and nutritional status of autistic children in SLBN Semarang.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. The subjects were students with autism who attended SLBN Semarang and their parents. A questionaire was used to collect the information on parent’s knowledge and attitudes toward autism, Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was used to obtain the data on gluten and casein consumption, whereas the data on nutritional status were measured by weight and height of the children. Chi square and Fisher Exact test were used to analyze the data.Result: As many as 55.3% of parents have good knowledge and 65.8% have a possitive attitudes toward autism. Fifty percent of children presented with good consumption pattern of gluten, 65% exhibited good consumption pattern of casein and 55.3% of autistic children had good consumption pattern of both gluten and casein. Almost half (47.4%) of the children were undernourished. There were no association found between parent’s knowledge and gluten and casein consumption (p>0.05); parent’s knowledge and nutritional status (p>0.05); and parent’s attitudes and nutritional status (p>0.05). Only parent’s attitudes towards autism was found to be associated with casein and gluten consumption pattern (p<0.05).Conclusion: There was a significant association between parent’s attitudes and consumption of gluten and casein in children with autism.