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Toxicity and Lethality Evaluations of Koordersiodendron pinnatum Leaves Methanolic Extract in DDY Mice Banjarnahor, Sofna Dewita Sari; Dewijanti, Indah Dwiatmi; Angelina, Marissa; Fajriah, Sofa
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 6, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.06.03.10

Abstract

The study of toxic features of Koordersiodendron pinnatum is vital for further studies of its pharmacological activities. Acute toxicity test was done on methanolic extracts of K. pinnatum in DDY mice. Animals were grouped into five: Group 1 was given 1 mL solution of 2.5% Tween 80 in a single oral dose; the remaining groups were orally given a single dose of 2, 4, 8 and 16 g/kg of K. pinnatum, respectively. Toxic effects of the extract were evaluated on the basis of behavioral observations in the form of locomotor activity; curiosity; defecation; urination and also animal mortality. Observations were carried out for 14 days. No significant changes on body weight, and behavioural activities were recorded. Mortality was recorded up to 2% of the male group, and no mortality within the female group. The extract is practically non toxic for both male and female (LD50>15 g/kg).
Antiviral Effect of Pterocarpus indicus Willd Leaves Extract Against Replication of Dengue Virus (DENV) In Vitro Dewi, Beti Ernawati; Angelina, Marissa; meilawati, lia; Hartati, Sri; Dewijanti, Indah Dwiatmi; Santi, Mei Ria; Desti, Hidayati; Sudiro, Mirawati
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.10

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is major public health problem in tropical and subtropical areas of the world with lack of approved vaccines and effective antiviral therapies. With no current treatment for illness attributed to dengue virus (DENV) infection other than supportive care, therapeutic strategies that use natural extract was developed. Indonesia have many plants that potential for antiviral drµgs such as Pterocarpus indicus Willd (P. indicus). The objective of this study was to determine the effect of P. indicus to inhibit DENV replication. We used a well-differentiated hepatocytes-derived cellular carcinoma cell line (Huh-7 it-1 cells) to determine and select antiviral activity. The toxicity effects were determined by MTT assay. Then, the suppression of DENV replication was determined by Focus assay. Dengue infected cells with DMSO were used as control. We found that crude extract (Pi), hexane (Pi.1) and ethyl acetate (Pi.2) extract showed strong inhibition with high selectivity index (SI) of 1,392; 285.36 and 168.56 respectively.  Sub fraction of Pi.1 and Pi.2 still showed strong inhibition with high SI.  Further sub-sub fraction of Pi.2 such as Pi.2.12 and Pi.2.12.1 still showed inhibition of DENV replication but there was reduction of SI value. The mechanism experiment of Pi.2.12, we found that Pi 2.12 more profound to inhibit in the post infection stage that entry or pre-infection. We conclude that the sub-fraction of Pi.2.12 has potential antiviral activity against DV infection in vitro. Further studies are still needed to investigate the pure compound of Pi.2.12 that inhibit and have advantages in the future as alternative for treatment of DENV infection.
LD50 and LC50 Values of Ethanol Extracts From Herbs of Ketumpangan Air (Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth) DEWIJANTI, INDAH DWIATMI; ANGELINA, MARISSA; HARTATI, SRI; DEWI, BETTY ERNAWATI; MEILAWATI, LIA
JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA Vol 12 No 2 (2014): JIFI
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.744 KB)

Abstract

Ketumpangan air (Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth), an Indonesian wild plant, is commonly found in every Indonesian region with moist shady place. People usually consume ketumpangan air as a fresh vegetables. Empirically, ketumpangan air is consumed to treat fever, stomach disease, kidney disorders, drug abscesses, boils acne, headaches, pain in arthritic and rheumatic gout, or other external treatment. In this research, we tested the acute toxicity of ethanol extract from ketumpangan air using experimental animals mice DDY strain. We also tested the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT) using Artemia salina Leach larva shrimp. The main aim of this reseach was to determine the LD50 and LC50 values of ethanol extract from Ketumpangan air. The results showed that the ethanol extract was categorized as ‘mild toxic’. The calculation of LD50 with Reed and Munich method showed that the LD50 value for male and female group was 15.13 g/ kg and 11.87 g/kg respectively. The BSLT result showed that the LC50 values of Ketumpangan air was 81.28 ppm.
in vitro Antidiabetic, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Syzygium cumini Fractions from Leaves Ethanol Extract Artanti, Nina; Maryani, Faiza; Dewi, Rizna Triana; Handayani, Sri; Dewijanti, Indah Dwiatmi; Meilawati, Lia; Filaila, Euis; Udin, Linar Zalinar
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 10, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev10iss1pp24-29

Abstract

Ethanol extract of Syzygium cumini (jamblang) leaves reveal its significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activity which perform the potential activity of this plant extract as antidiabetic agent. However, other bioactivities of this plant extract have been reported. The aim of current study was to evaluate the comparison of in vitro antidiabetic, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of S. cumini fractions. The S. cumini leaves ethanol extract was fractionated by using column chromatography with n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol as eluents. Seven fractions were obtained from column chromatography (F1-7). The results showed that the best antidiabetic activity was found in F5 (93% α-glucosidase inhibitory activity), the best antioxidant activity was found in F4 (83% inhibition of DPPH free radical) and the best cytotoxic activity was found in F2 (69% growth inhibition of T47D breast cancer cell line). Therefore besides in vitro antidiabetic activity, fractions of S. cumini leaves ethanol extract also showed antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Since the results showed that the most active fractions for antidiabetic, antioxidant and cytotoxicity were differed, it could be possible to isolate the different potential active compounds for each activity.Keywords : Syzygium cumini, α-glucosidase inhibitor, DPPH, cytotoxicity