BDR, Muh. Farid
Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

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PERBENIHAN JAGUNG HIBRIDA DI DESA SAMAELO, KECAMATAN BAREBBO KABUPATEN BONE BDR, Muh. Farid; Nasaruddin, .; Rafiuddin, .
Jurnal Dinamika Pengabdian (JDP) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): JURNAL DINAMIKA PENGABDIAN VOL. 3 NO. 1 OKTOBER 2017
Publisher : Departemen Budidaya Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS

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Abstract

Perbenihan jagung merupakan salah satu usaha agribisnis yang dapat dikelola oleh kelompok tani untuk memenuhi kebutuhan benih jagung secara mandiri. Kegiatan ini untuk  membina kelompok tani menjadi penangkar benih jagung melalui pelatihan dan demplot dalam  memanfaatkan limbah tanaman dan hewan sebagai kompos, pupuk cair dan biopetisida dalam proses produksi benih jagung hibrida. Kegiatan berlangsung selama 6 bulan sejak April sampai September 2017 di Desa Samaelo, Kecamatan Barebbo, Kabupaten Bone. Kegiatan dilaksanakan dalam bentuk sosialisasi, pelatihan dan produksi pupuk kompos, produksi pupuk cair dan biopestisida dari limbah tanaman dan ternak, pelatihan perbenihan jagung hibrida (teknik pengujian daya kecambah, metode pengujian kadar air benih, metode seleksi dan manajemen usaha), serta demplot perbenihan Jagung hibrida melalui produksi benih dari penanaman, pemeliharaan, panen, dan pasca panen. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa kelompok tani (UMKM) yang dibina sudah mampu memproduksi mikroorganisme lokal yang dapat digunakan sebagai dekomposer dalam memproduksi pupuk kompos, pupuk cair dan biopestida; selain itu minat kelompok tani dalam berusaha tani jagung semakin meningkat dengan kemampuan memproduksi benih jagung hibrida sebagai usaha tani komersial. Kemampuan UMKM memproduksi kompos, pupuk cair, biopestida, dan benih jagung hibrida mampu mengurangi biaya produksi jagung Rp. 1.500.000 – Rp. 2.000.000 per hektar, keuntungan petani melalui perbenihan jagung meningkat dua kali lipat (Rp. 25.000.000/ha) dibandingkan dengan produksi jagung pakan (Rp. 12.500.000/ha), serta tambahan pendapatan melalui penjualan kompos Rp. 750/ kg dan pupuk cair/biopestisida Rp. 8.000/liter. Kata Kunci: perbenihan, jagung hibrida, kompos, pupuk cair dan biopestisida.
Genetic Variability and Heritability of in vitro Chrysanthemum on Various Combination of Plant Growth Regulators Bdr, Muh. Farid
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

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Heritability is a measure that describes the magnitude of a genetic influence on a character rather than an environmental factor. The higher the heritability value of a character, the higher the genetic variability. The aim of the study was to know the interaction between the combination of growth regulators and chrysanthemum varieties that gave the best chrysanthemum growth in vitro and analyzed the heritability of various chrysanthemum characters. The research was carried out at the In vitro Laboratory of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar from May to September 2016. The study used a separate plot design in the group. The main plot was a combination of growth regulator consisting of 200 ml Coconut Water, 0.5 ppm BAP + Coconut Water 100 ml, BAP 1 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + Coconut Water 200 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + BAP 0.5 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + BAP 1 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml. The subplots included 8 varieties of chrysanthemum (Fiji Pink, Marimar, Pasopati, Salzieta, Solida Pelangi, Limeron, Arosuka Pelangi, Yellow Tumohon). The basic media used was MS medium. The results showed that adding 200 ml young coconut to the culture media gave the best in-vitro chrysanthemum growth in terms of shoot and root formation, shoot count, root number, and shoot height in all chrysanthemum varieties; as well as all observed characters have high heritability and genetic variability
GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC MAIZE MUTANTS (M3) AT DIFFERENT WATER AVAILABILITY LEVELS Ridwan, Ifayanti; Bdr, Muh. Farid
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

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Abstract

Drought causes hampered nutrient absorption and water uptake in plants hence abnormal growth and lower yield. One of alternative solutions is the development of maize varieties tolerant to drought stress through plant breeding. This study aims to find superior M3 mutant genotypes of maize that can adapt to dry land with high productivity.  The study was conducted in green house of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin using Split Plot Design. Water availability level was set as main plot consisted of 60%, 80% and 100% and maize mutant was set as subplot consisted of four M3 mutants, namely Bisma 100 gy, Bisma 200 gy, Lamuru 100 gy, and Lamuru 200 gy. In addition two varieties were used as controls ie. Bisma, and Lamuru resulted in total of 6 genotypes tested in the study. Mutant genotype of Bisma 200 gy showed tolerance to all water availability levels and significantly differed to other mutants including its parents indicated with higher yield. 100% water availability condition resulted in higher production than the other two water availability conditions with the average yield produced was 44.1 g per plant
GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF VARIOUS WHEAT GENOTYPES AT VARIOUS PEG CONCENTRATION IN HYDROPONIC Bdr, Muh. Farid
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

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Abstract

Wheat is a sub-tropical cereal that can be planted in the tropics, on the highland with altitude >1000 m asl. The development of wheat in the highlands compete with horticultural crops, so the creation of tropical wheat that is adaptive to lowland and drought tolerance is an alternative problem-solving. The aims of this study is to test the generation and to screen three type of  mutant that is adaptive in lowland with high temperature. The study was conducted at Tamalanrea Jaya, Tamalanrea regency, Makassar province from May to August 2017. The research was conducted on hydroponic media in the plastic house (green house) at altitude <800 m asl with an average temperature of 28oC (morning) and an average temperature of 33oC (afternoon). The study was used split-plot design with the main plot of polyethylene glycol (PEG), ie 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%; the plot was 15 wheat genotypes. The results showed that the addition of PEG concentrations at 5%, 10% and 15% decreased the crop yield by 35.91%, 55.63%, and 71.83%. Adaptive and potential genotypes developed in lowland with dry climatic conditions are genotype N.200 2.4.B.6 and genotype N.300 4.3.6