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Hidayat, Syarief Thaufik
Belitung Nursing Journal
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BIRD’S NEST EXTRACT CREAM: TREATMENT FOR PERINEAL WOUND IN RATTUS NORVEGICUS

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2017): May-June 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Perineal rupture occurs almost in all the first labor and not infrequently in the next labor. Complex perineal wounds are at risk for non healing and infection.Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of bird’s nest extract on perineal wound healing on rattus norvegicus.Methods: This was a randomised posttest only group design conducted in October 2016 at Animal Laboratory Unit of Diponegoro University, Semarang. There were 30 samples recruited in this study, divided into three groups: 1) The control group (with providine iodine 10% solution), 2) The  first treatment group with a bird’s nest 50% cream, and 3) The second treatment group with a bird’s nest 70% cream. The REEDA scale was used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency distribution, and one way anova.Results: There were statistically significant mean differences between the three groups with p-value 0.000 (< 0.05). The time of the wound healing was 5-6 days for Iodine 10% group, 4-5 days for bird’s nest 50% group, and 3 days for bird’s nest 70% group. The degree of perineal wound density in the bird’s nest 70% group (0.37) was also better than the bird’s nest 50% group (0.13) and iodine 10% group (0.02).Conclusion: Bird’s nest has a significant effect on wound healing process. Findings indicated that the bird’s nest 70% extract was very effective to accelerate wound healing than bird’s nest 50% extract and Iodine 10%.

BINAHONG LEAVES (ANREDERA CORDIFOLIA TENORE STEEN) EXTRACT AS AN ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT FOR PERINEAL WOUND HEALING OF POSTPARTUM MOTHERS

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 6 (2017): November-December 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Perineal wounds are at risk for infection, without a good treatment, perineal wound can harbor sepsis and become a chronic, long-term problem. Binahong leaves is considered as an alternative to accelerate perineal wound healing process.Objective: To determine the effect of binahong leaf extract (anredera cordifolia (tenore) steen) on perineal wound healing process in postpartum mothers.Methods: This study employed a quasy experimental study with control group posttest-only design. The study was conducted in the working area of Telogosari Wetan Health Center and Health Center of Kulon Kota Semarang in January-February 2017. There were 36 respondents selected using purposive sampling assigned in the intervention group (Binahong leaves extract) and the control group (Povidon Iodine 10%). REEDA scale was used for assessing perineal healing. Data were analyzed using Mann Whitney, Chi Square and Kruskall Wallis test.Results: Findings showed that the average day of perineal wound healing process in the binahong leaves group was 6.11 days and in the povidon iodine group was 7.66 days. There was a statistically significant difference in the duration of wound healing between the experiment and control group with p-value 0,001 (p value <0.05).Conclusion: Binahong leaves extract is effective in healing perineal wound in postpartum mothers. Therefore, binahong leaves are recommended to use as an alternative treatment for the mothers.

EFFECT OF SECANG WOOD (CEASALPINIA SAPPAN L.) EXTRACT ON MORPHOLOGY OF SPERMATOZOA, SPERM COUNT, AND REVERSIBLE PROCESS IN MALE RATS

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2017): March-April 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Limited choice of contraception for males is one of the reasons why their participation is low. Secang wood is considered as an alternative contraception that has an influence in the morphology and number of spermatozoa, and reversible in nature.Objective: To examine the effect of extracts of secang wood in the morphology of spermatozoa, sperm count and reversible process in male mice.Methods: This was a quasy experimental study with randomized post test only control group design. There were 32 male rats (Mus Muscullus L) recruited in this study. Four groups were involved, namely: 1) Ethanol group, 2) Chloroform fraction, 3) Water fraction, and 4) Control group. Each group consisted of 8 mice. There were two treatments in this study: 1) each group was given secang extract with dose 50 mg/25 gram of weight, 2) The observation period was 10 days after the treatment, and 4 mice in each group was dissected to see the morphology and sperm count, while the other 4 mice were allowed to live and maintained until 20 days to see reversible morphology and sperm count Results: The extract of sepang wood at a dose of 50mg/25gram weight could increase the abnormal sperm morphology, and lower sperm count. There was a significant difference between the treatment group and control group with p-value <0.05. The extract was also reversible on the morphology and sperm count.Conclusion: There was a significant effect of secang wood extract on sperm morphology, the number of spermatozoa, and reversible process. This study provides the insight of scientific information about the effect of the sepang extracts on the number and morphology of spermatozoa, and it could be used as a basis for further research in human in the development of natural contraceptive on a reversible man.

EFFECT OF CARICA PAPAYA L LEAF ON MENSTRUAL PAIN AND PROSTAGLANDIN LEVEL IN ADOLESCENT WITH PRIMARY DYSMENORRHEA: A TRUE EXPERIMENT

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2017): May-June 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Primary dysmenorrhea occurs because of the excessive amount of prostaglandins in the blood. Papaya leaf extract is considered to be able to reduce prostaglandin and menstrual pain.Objective: This study aims to prove that papaya leaf extract (Carica Papaya L.) can decrease the level of menstrual pain and prostaglandin levels in primary dysmenorrhea.Methods: A true experimental study with randomized pretest posttest control group design. There were 32 samples recruited using simple random sampling, with 16 each assigned to an experiment and control group. Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used to measure menstrual pain, and the level of prostaglandin was measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Independent t-test and paired t-test were performed for data analysis.Results: There was statistically significant differencec of menstrual pain and prostaglandin level before and after intervention with p-value 0.000 (<0.005), which indiciated that papaya leaf extract had a significant effect on reducing menstrual pain. The decrease of menstrual pain in the experimental group was -3.375 and in the control group was -3.438; while the decrease of prostaglandin level in the experimental group was -56.971 and in the control group was -57.557.Conclusion: Provision of papaya leaf extract (Carica Papaya L.) significantly decreased the level of menstrual pain and prostaglandin levels in primary dysmenorrhea. Papaya leaf extract can be used as a safe and effective herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea which has almost the same efficacy as mefenamic acid.

EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSIC THERAPY ON ANXIETY AND Β-ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN PRIMIGRAVIDA DURING THE THIRD STAGE OF PREGNANCY

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 6 (2017): November-December 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety levels and β-endorphin levels in primigravida during the third stage of pregnancy.Methods: This was a quasy experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. The research was conducted in December 2016 - Januari 2017. There were 39 respondents selected using purposive sampling technique, which 13 assigned in the experiment group 1 (music therapy with a sound pressure of 40 dB), experiment group 2 (music therapy with a sound pressure of 62 dB) and control group (health counseling). Anxiety levels were measured using the HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale), and β-endorphin hormone levels were measured using ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) method. Data analysis used paired t-test, One-Way Anova test with post-hoc bonferroni, and Kruskall Wallis test with post-hoc Mann Whitney.Results: Findings revealed that there was a decrease of the mean of anxiety levels in the experiment group 1 from 31.92 (pretest) to 24.69 (posttest), and the experiment group 2 from 34.54 (pretest) to 25 (posttest) with p-value <0.05; and there was an increase of the mean of β-Endorphin levels in the experiment group 1 from 53.63 (pretest) to 63.24 (posttest), and the experiment group 2 from 48.55 (pretest) to 64.9 (posttest) with p-value <0.05; however there was no effect of counseling in the control group on anxiety levels (p=0.413) and β-Endorphin levels (p= 0.394)Conclusion: Music therapy is effective in reducing anxiety levels and increasing β-endorphin levels. Thus, music therapy can be used as an alternative treatment for pregnant mothers at home who experienced anxiety.