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PENGARUH PERLAKUAN AWAL SAMPAH ORGANIK TERHADAP PRODUKSI BIOGAS SECARA ANAEROBIC DIGESTION Dhaniswara, Trisna Kumala; Fitri, Medya Ayunda
Journal of Research and Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.478 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2581786

Abstract

The biggest problem currently in Indonesia is the amount of garbage that accumulates and is not controlled anywhere, especially organic waste. There are also many methods to use waste. One of waste utilization is Biogas. Organic content contained in organic waste can be used as a substart source for anaerobic bacteria. Initial treatment of organic waste in this study used as a variable, namely chopped and blended. This initial treatment is done before it is mixed with other ingredients, ie cattle dung and water. 200% water is added to the reactor along with other variables. Temperature, pH and biogas volume were observed for 30 days. Initial treatment factor of organic waste as biogas production substand showed blend treatment with decay having higher biogas production than others, is 189.99 cm3 with a composition ratio of 50% cattle dung and 50% organic waste.
STUDI EKSPERIMENTAL FALLING FILM EVAPORATOR PADA EVAPORASI NIRA KENTAL Fitri, Medya Ayunda; Suhadi, Suhadi; Altway, Ali; Susianto, Susianto
Journal of Research and Technology Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.175 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2582030

Abstract

Falling film evaporator is a constructed equipment for concentrating dilute solution that are sensitive to heat flowing form a thin film. This research aims to study the evaporation of cane juice concentrated with air flow on falling film evaporator and knowing evaporation rate occured in falling film evaporator used. In the process, cane juice from plant pumped to the falling film evaporator that used in this experiment. This research used concentrated cane juice and air flow rate for variables of this experiment. Cane juice flow from top of evaporator through distributor to form thin film and air flow from the bottom of evaporator. After that, temperatur of pipe wall, inlet and outlet temperature of cane juice and air were measured. This experiment concluded that the highest concentration of outlet solution is 59 brix for liquid flow rate 154 l/h and air flow rate 10 m3/h, and the other hand inlet solution concentration 51 brix. Optimum evaporation rate is 35 kg/m2.h for 51 brix and air flow rate 10 m3/h.
PEMANFAATAN KOTORAN SAPI DAN SAMPAH SAYUR PADA PEMBUATAN BIOGAS DENGAN FERMENTASI SAMPAH SAYURAN Fitri, Medya Ayunda; Dhaniswara, Trisna Kumala
Journal of Research and Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.546 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2580441

Abstract

Biogas is one solution to the use organic waste (livestock manure and vegetables). The aim of the research was to find out the effectiveness of livestock manure and fermentation of vegetable waste into biogas. This research was carried out using fermented vegetable waste for 10-12 days, then it was chopped and blended. The vegetable waste is then mixed with cow dung and water according to the determined variables. The mixture was put into a brown glass bottle and the bottle mouth was closed with a balloon and deposited for 8 days. Furthermore, the CO2 gas produced was released and start to deposite again for 20-30 days. Trapped methane gas obtained from in the balloon was then stored to measure the produced volume and pH and also the methane gas. The results obtained from the research that is were the best pH obtained from vegetable waste blender fermentation treatment (% water100 and the percentage of KS: SO was 75:25) was 7 and the largest volume was obtained from fermented chopped vegetable waste treatment (water% 300 and percentage KS: SO was 100: 0) of 78.73 cm3.
PENGARUH MICROWAVE HEATING TERHADAP KUALITAS MINYAK DEDAK PADI Rahkadima, Yulia Tri; Fitri, Medya Ayunda
Journal of Research and Technology Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.527 KB) | DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2580411

Abstract

Rice bran oil as an alternative edible oil is promising to be developed. However, the presence of lipaze enzym which hydrolyze actively trigliceride into free fatty acid results rice bran quality can not be controlled and tend to degrade. Stabilization proccess was needed to overcome this isue. Stabilization with microwave heating has been carried out to study the effect of stabilization toward the quality of rice bran oil. The results showed that the highest percentage of oil mass 7.67% was obtained at medium power (power 2), stabilization time 1 minute and the extraction waiting time for 0 week. Meanwhile, the levels of free fatty acids tended to be constant when the proccess was carried out at power 3 (high power) for all stabilization times. Microwave heating was effective enough to reduce the lipase enzyme in rice bran so as free fatty acid content did not increase significantly.