Harwanto, Dody Candra
Catharsis

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Form and Structure of Kentrung Art in Ngasem Village Batealit District Jepara Regency

Catharsis Vol 7 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Catharsis

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Abstract

Kentrung art is a folk theater art that tells a story in the form of prose and interspersed by pantun, an Indonesian unique form of prose. It is played by sung, and uses musical instrument called “Terbang” or Rebana. This research aims to analyze the shape and structure of Kentrung art in Ngasem Village District Batealit Jepara regency. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive with interpretative case study research design. The research data was collected by observation technique, interview, and documentation study. It is also using triangulation techniques of sources and data to maintain its validity. Meanwhile, the data analysis technique is done through the process of reduction, presentation, and withdrawal of conclusion (verification). The results of this study indicate that, Kentrung musical form consists of two elements, namely elements of time and melody. The time element of Kentrung art employs Allegreto tempo which means fast or between the speed limit of 104-112 steps per minute; the meter uses 4/4, meaning there are four or four minutes of beats on each bar; and rhythmic patterns are divided into two types (senggakan and sautan) which generally use the value of half-tap, and on the big fly using the pattern of rhythm singkup. Most melodies use a half-tap note with the highest tone of G# 5 (la), and the lowest tone is F# 4 (sol). Meanwhile, the musical structure of Kentrung consists of two sentences or periods namely repeated A B.

The Form and Structure of Kentrung Art Performance in Jepara

Resital: Jurnal Seni Pertunjukan Vol 19, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the form and structure of Kentrung Art Performance in Ngasem Village, Batealit Sub-district, Jepara. The research method is a descriptive qualitative method with an interpretative case study as the research design. The data were collected by doing the observation, interview, and document study. The data analysis technique was done throughout the process of reduction, presentation, and withdrawal of conclusion (verification). The results of this study indicate that Kentrung musical form consists of two elements of time and elements of melody. For the element of time, Allegretto tempo is used with its speed between 104-112 steps per minute; its meter uses 4/4, in which there are four beats of one-fourth on each bar; and the rhythmic pattern is divided into two sorts (senggakan and sautan) which generally use the value of half tap, and the outcrop rhythm pattern is used for the big terbangan. Most melodies use a half-tone note with the highest tone of G#5 (la), and the lowest tone is F#4 (sol). The musical structure of Kentrung consists of two sentences or periods namely A B which is respectively repeated.