Israfil, Israfil
Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

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Pesantren dan Kewirausahaan (Studi terhadap Pesantren Darul Khair Masing Kabupaten Banggai) Israfil, Israfil
EQUILIBRIUM: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN SOSIOLOGI Vol 5, No 2 (2017): AGAMA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

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Abstract

Abstract. Like a pesantren in a rural area with minimal facilities and infrastructure, away from the hustle and bustle of the city, and not burdening the cost of education to santrinya, of course, required a leader figure to initiate entrepreneurship to develop the empowerment of boarding. This study aims to determine the empowerment of pesantren through entrepreneurship developed. This research is qualitative descriptive research with method of data settlement through interview, observation involve, and documentation study. The results show the form of entrepreneurship developed in Pesantren Darul Khair Each in the form of carpentry business, cattle farming, plantation, rice fields and pesantren co-operatives. All business assets and business results to the foundation periodically every month. Allotment is used for the financial costs of boarding schools such as the cost of building and dormitory, electricity payment, air taps, telephone every month, the welfare of its managers such as teacher salaries, the cost of education of three teachers in Java, assisting extracurricular activities of santri and daily consumption of santri hostel.Keywords: economy, entrepreneurship, pesantren.
Factors Affecting the Incidence of Filariasis in Welamosa Village Ende District East Nusa Tenggara Irfan, Irfan; Kambuno, Norma Tiku; Israfil, Israfil
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v6i2.3208

Abstract

Filariasis is a chronic communicable disease caused by filarial worms, which consists of three species: Wucherria bancrofti, Brugaria malayi, and Brugaria timori. This disease is transmitted through mosquito bites, infects lymph tissue (lymph) and causes swelling of the legs, breasts, arms and genital organs. Welamosa village, Ende district, located in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) province is reported as one of the highest cases of 40 cases in 2015. This research aims to analyze the influence of social factor of demography and socio-cultural environment factor to elephantiasis incident in Welamosa village, Ende district. The study was conducted in July–September 2016 in Welamosa village and Wolowaru sub-district, Ende district. The type of research was observational analytic with case-control with 49 people as sampling. The research instrument used questionnaire and check list. The data analysis used statistical test of SPSS program with backward regression logistic test. The results showed five variables as risk factors of elephantiasis occurrence, age (OR=42.518), education (OR=38.248), occupation (OR=8.404), outdoor activity at night (OR=5.097) and sex (OR=0.193). In conclusion, social demographic factors (age, gender, occupation, and education) and environmental and social-cultural factors of attitude (outdoor activities at night) are risk factors for filariasis incidence in Welamosa village, Ende district. FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KEJADIAN PENYAKIT FILARIASIS DI DESA WELAMOSA KABUPATEN ENDE NUSA TENGGARA TIMURFilariasis adalah penyakit menular menahun yang disebabkan oleh parasit berupa cacing filaria yang terdiri atas tiga spesies, yaitu Wucherria bancrofti, Brugaria malayi, dan Brugaria timori. Penyakit ini menginfeksi jaringan limfe (getah bening) dan menular melalui gigitan nyamuk, serta menyebabkan pembengkakan kaki, tungkai, payudara, lengan, dan organ genital. Desa Welamosa, Kabupaten Ende terletak di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) dilaporkan sebagai salah satu kecamatan dengan kasus filariasis tertinggi, yakni 40 kasus pada tahun 2015. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis pengaruh faktor sosial demografi dan faktor lingkungan sosial budaya terhadap kejadian filariasis di Desa Welamosa, Kabupaten Ende. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Juli–September 2016 di Desa Welamosa dan Kecamatan Wolowaru, Kabupaten Ende. Jenis penelitian merupakan analitik observasional dan pengambilan sampel menggunakan case control sebanyak 49 orang. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner dan ceklis. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik program SPSS dengan backward regression logistic test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lima variabel yang merupakan faktor risiko kejadian filariasis, yaitu usia (OR=42,518), pendidikan (OR=38,248), pekerjaan (OR=8,404), aktivitas di luar rumah pada malam hari (OR=5,097), dan jenis kelamin (OR=0,193). Simpulan, faktor sosial demografi (usia, jenis kelamin, pekerjaan, dan pendidikan) serta faktor lingkungan sosial budaya sikap (aktivitas di luar rumah pada malam hari) merupakan faktor risiko terhadap kejadian filariasis di Desa Welamosa, Kabupaten Ende. 
Effect of Patients Behavior and Family Health Companion Role on Hypertension Complication Occurrence Israfil, Israfil; Sinaga, Mindo; Ludji, Ina Debora Ratu
Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 7 No 2 (2018): Unnes Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.246 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v7i2.20982

Abstract

ABSTRACT Various efforts of hypertension complications prevention have been carried out properly but the prevalence of hypertensive complications in NTT Province is still very high. The study aimed to determine the effect of patient behavior and family health companion role on the incidence of hypertension complications. The study was carried out in the work area of Sikumana Health Center in Kupang City with a case-control design. A total of 40 case samples and 40 control samples were taken by simple-random sampling. Data were analyzed by bivariate (simple logistic-regression) and multivariate (multiple-logistic regression), with significant values ​​of α <0.05 and OR> 1. The results showed that 70% of patients experienced Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke (SNH) complications and 30% experienced complications of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). The results of the knowledge factor analysis (α=0.000, OR=4.775), attitude (α=0.998, OR=1.876), practice (α=0.000, OR=18.599), family health officer (α=0.000, OR=15.13) and simultaneously the practices of the patient (α=0.000, OR=17.233). There was a significant influence on patient knowledge, patient practices, and family health companion role on the incidence of hypertensive complications. The most influential variable was the patient's practices. Patients who had poor behavior had a risk of 17.233 times greater of complications of hypertension.   Keywords : behavior of patients, family health companion role, complications of hypertension   ABSTRAK Beragam upaya untuk mencegah komplikasi hipertensi, telah dilaksanakan dengan baik. Namun prevalensi komplikasi hipertensi di NTT masih sangat tinggi. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh perilaku pasien dan peran pendamping kesehatan keluarga pada kejadian komplikasi hipertensi. Penelitian dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sikumana Kota Kupang dengan desain kasus-kontrol. Sebanyak 40 sampel kasus dan 40 sampel kontrol, diambil secara simple-random-sampling. Data dianalisis bivariat (regresi-logistic-sederhana) dan multivairiat (regresi-logistic-berganda), dengan nilai signifikan α<0,05 dan OR>1.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 70% pasien mengalami komplikasi Stroke Non Haemoragik (SNH) dan 30% mengalami komplikasi Coronary Artery Diseases (CAD). Hasil analisis faktor pengetahuan (α=0,000, OR=4,775), sikap  (α=0,998, OR=1876), tindakan (α=0,000, OR=18,599), peran pendamping kesehatan keluarga (α=0,000, OR=15,13), dan secara simultan tindakan pasien (α=0,000, OR=17,233). Ada pengaruh signifikan antara pengetahuan pasien, praktek/tindakan pasien, dan peran pendamping kesehatan keluarga terhadap kejadian komplikasi hipertensi. Variabel yang paling berpengaruh adalah praktek/tindakan pasien. Pasien yang memiliki praktek/tindakan kurang baik memiliki risiko 17,233 kali lebih besar terjadi komplikasi hipertensi.   Kata Kunci : perilaku pasien, peran pendamping kesehatan keluarga, komplikasi hipertensi
The Existence Of Adat Law In Settlement Of Criminal Cases (Study in Gili Trawangan Tourism Area) Fatahullah, H; israfil, Israfil
Unram Law Review Vol 3 No 1 (2019): Unram Law Review (ULREV)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/ulrev.v3i1.55

Abstract

This research purpose to determine to analysys the existence of adat law in settlement of criminal cases(in gili trawangan tourism area). The type of research used is empirical, by using the method of statute approach, conceprual approach and sociological approach. The result arequalified and exist in traditional offense Gili Trawangan general public in the form of: a. theft, b. Decency, adultery/cohabiting and infidelity, c. Preservation of marine ecosystems. Forms of traditional institutions of society Gili Trawangan, law enforcement organ composed of judges/ elders, lang-lang (customs security), and front Gili youth. Settlement of criminal cases for customary offenses is based on the provisions of the customary law of the Gili Trawangan society.