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All Journal JURNAL SPASIAL
Putra Ulni, Arie Zella
STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

Published : 3 Documents
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KARAKTERISTIK FISIK LAHAN DI NAGARI PARU (RIMBO LARANGAN) KABUPATEN SIJUNJUNG

JURNAL SPASIAL Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

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Abstract

Indonesia is a country that has a tropical climate, tropical climate caused so much rain during the year compared to the dry season. With the tropical climate of Indonesia has a region dominated by forests that are the lungs of the world. One of the existing forests are forests located in the District Lung Nagari Sijunjung Sijunjung or better known by local people with the name Rimbo Prohibition. This study aims to find out about the physical karaksteristik land (slope, landform, hydrology) in Rimbo Prohibition in Nagari Lung District of Sijunjung Sijunjung, knowing how the utilization of land by the community around Rimbo Prohibition. This type of research is descriptive. The results showed that the physical characteristics of the land is very varied Prohibition Rimbo, Rimbo height of Prohibition highly variable, then the slope in Rimbo Laranagn also vary. Landform in Rimbo ban can be divided into three parts, namely the karst hills, alluvial plains and natural levee. Hydrological conditions in the sub-basins of lung depends on the streams flowing from Rimbo Prohibition. Land use specially designated as forests. With Prohibition Rimbo characteristics that vary widely made public memamfaatkan forest products as needed to make Rimbo Prohibition awake d beauty.Keywords: physical characteristics of the land, the use of Rimbo Prohibition

ANALISIS SPASIAL POLA PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN PERTANIAN (STUDI KASUS NAGARI CUBADAK)

JURNAL SPASIAL Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

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Abstract

Perkembangan penggunaan tanah secara spasial di Nagari Cubadak dibatasi oleh faktor fisik yang didominasi oleh kemiringan landai dan agak sedikit curam. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk  mengetahui dan menganalisis Penggunaan tanah dan Pola perubahan penggunaan tanah untuk pertanian secara spasial di Nagari Cubadak. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yang dilakukan adalah metode interpretasi citra penginderaan jauh, metode survey, dan analisis deskriptif berbasis keruangan. Interpretasi citra penginderaan jauh dilakukan untuk mengetahui informasi jenis penggunaan lahan khususnya pertanian aktual dan tahun-tahun terdahulu berdasarkan nilai digital yang terekam pada data penginderaan jauh. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa, Penggunaan tanah di Nagari Cubadak bisa diklasifikasikan delapan (8) jenis penggunaan lahan yakni; Bangunan Umum, Fasilitas Olahraga, Kolam, Makam, Perumahan, Sawah, Tanah Kosong, Tegalan dan Tempat Ibadah. Kemudian, pengurangan penggunaan tanah 1990–2000 yang paling banyak terdiri dari penggunaan tanah tegalan dengan 91 kavling, paling banyak berubah menjadi perumahan sebanyak 75 kavling, kemudian pengurangan sawah dengan 25 kavling, paling banyak berubah menjadi tegalan dengan 35 kavling dan kolam 20 kavling dengan pengurangan 52 kavling.The development of spatial land use in Nagari Cubadak limited by physical factors which are dominated by sloping slopes and slightly steep. This research was conducted with the aim to find out and analyze land use and the pattern of changes in land use for agriculture spatially in Nagari Cubadak. This study uses the method used is the method of interpretation of remote sensing images, survey methods, and spatial-based descriptive analysis. Interpretation of remote sensing imagery is done to find out information on the type of land use, especially actual and previous years based on digital values recorded on remote sensing data. From this study it can be concluded that, Land use in Nagari Cubadak can be classified as eight (8) types of land use namely; Public Buildings, Sports Facilities, Swimming, Graves, Housing, Paddy Fields, Empty Land, fields and places of worship. Then, the reduction in land use from 1990 to 2000 which mostly consisted of the use of upland land with 91 plots, at most turned into housing lots of 75 plots, then reduced fields with 25 plots, most changed to moor with 35 plots and pools of 20 plots with subtraction 52 lots.

MANAJEMEN DATA SPASIAL: PENGGUNAAN TANAH WILAYAH PEDESAAN DI SUMATERA BARAT

JURNAL SPASIAL Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat

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Abstract

Perkembangan penggunaan tanah bergerak horisontal secara spasial ke arah wilayah yang mudah diusahakan. Penggunaan tanah juga bergerak secara vertikal dalam rangka menaikkan mutunya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pola penggunaan lahan, bagaimana manajemen penggunaan lahan di satu wilayah berdasarkan batas Nagari. Metode yang digunakan adalah analsisis spasial dengan interpretasi citra penginderaan jauh, survey lapangan, dan analisis deskriptif. Pertumbuhan pemukiman Nagari Sungai Sariak Kecamatan VII Koto Kabupaten Padang Pariaman mengakibatkan pemanfaatan ruang menjadi tumpang tindih. Diperlukan cara-cara pengelolaan dan managemen penggunaan tanah dalam rangka pembangunan berkelanjutan yang menaikkan taraf hidup masyarakat dan tidak menimbulkan kerugian lingkungan.Terdapat 9 jenis penggunaan lahan yang ada di Nagari Sungai Sariak. Penggunaan lahan tersebut adalah Primary Forest, Secondary Forest, Paddy Field, Settlement, Mixed Plantations, Crop Fields, Water Bodies, Bushes, dan Plantations. Penggunaan lahan yang paling luas di Nagari Sungai Sariak adalah jenis penggunaan lahan Primary Forest, sebesar 48% dari total luas wilayah Nagari Sungai Sariak. Pada tahun 2011 sampai tahun 2016, penggunaan lahan paling luas terjadi pada penggunaan lahan jenis Primary Forest yang kemudian menjadi Mixed Plantations. Land use Changes moved horizontally spatially towards areas that are easily cultivated. The land use also moves vertically in order to increase its quality. This study aims to analyze land use patterns, how land use management in one area is based on Nagari boundaries. The method used is spatial analysis with interpretation of remote sensing images, field surveys, and descriptive analysis. The growth of Nagari Sungai Sariak in Kecamatan VII Koto, Kabupaten Padang Pariaman resulted in overlapping use of space. Management methods are needed and management of land use in the framework of sustainable development that raises the standard of living of the community and does not cause environmental losses. There are 9 types of land use in the Nagari Sungai Sariak. The land uses are Primary Forest, Secondary Forest, Paddy Field, Settlement, Mixed Plantations, Crop Fields, Water Bodies, Bushes, and Plantations. The most extensive land use in Nagari Sungai Sariak is the type of Primary Forest land use, amounting to 48% of the total area of the Nagari Sungai Sariak. From 2011 to 2016, the most extensive land use occurred in Primary Forest land uses which later became Mixed Plantations.