Elvin, Said Devi
Fakultas Keperawatan-Universitas Syiah Kuala

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PEMBERDAYAAN HABIB DAN TABIB DALAM ELIMINASI KUSTA DI KABUPATEN NAGAN RAYA Elvin, Said Devi
Idea Nursing Journal Vol 8, No 3 (2017): Idea Nursing Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan-Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

ABSTRAKProvinsi Aceh merupakan salah satu daerah dengan prevalensi kusta tertinggi di Indonesia. Tahun 2014 dilaporkan penemuan kasus baru Multi Basiler sebanyak 436 kasus, salah satu Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Aceh dengan jumlah kasus kusta yang tertinggi adalah Kabupaten Nagan Raya. Jumlah kasus baru berdasarkan data tahun 2015 adalah untuk tipe Pausi Basiler (PB) sebanyak 26 kasus dan Multi Basiler (MB) sebanyak 21 kasus dengan jumlah kecacatan tingkat II adalah 4,26%. Fenomena penanganan dan pengobatan kusta pada masyarakat di Kabupaten Nagan Raya adalah pengobatan melalui Habib dan Tabib yang dikenal dengan istilah “Peundang”. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas pemberdayaan Habib dan Tabib dalam program eliminasi penyakit kusta di Kabupaten Nagan Raya. Penelitin ini menggunakan desain Quasi Experiment. Penelitian akan dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Nagan Raya Provinsi Aceh. Subjek utama dalam penelitian ini adalah Habib dan Tabib yang melakukan pengobatan terhadap penderita kusta di Kabupaten Nagan Raya. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner dengan teknik wawancara dan intervensi yang diberikan adalah buku saku tentang pemberdayaan Habib dan Tabib dalam eliminasi penyakit kusta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan tentang penyakit kusta yang signifikan antara Habib dan Tabib kelompok perlakuan dengan Habib dan Tabib kelompok kontrol (P = 0,010). Selanjutnya juga terdapat perbedaan sikap tentang penyakit kusta yang signifikan antara Habib dan Tabib kelompok perlakuan dengan Habib dan Tabib kelompok kontrol (P = 0,040). Pemberdayaan Habib dan Tabib terbukti efektif dalam eliminasi penyakit kusta (P = 0,000 < 0,05. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, maka diharapkan kepada Dinas Kesehatan dan Habib dan Tabib di Kab. Nagan Raya agar menerapkan model kemitraan dengan Habib dan Tabib dalam program eliminasi penyakit kusta serta selalu mendampingi Habib dan Tabib utuk meningkatkan pemberdayaan sertanya melakukan eliminasi penyakit kusta di masyarakat.Kata Kunci : Habib dan Tabib, Program Eliminasi Penyakit, Kusta. ABSTRACTAceh is one of the highest prevalence of leprosy in Indonesia. In 2014 there were 436 new cases of Multi Basiler reported. One of the districts in Aceh with the highest number of leprosy cases is Nagan Raya. The number of new cases based on data of 2015 is 26 cases of type Pausi Basiler (PB) and 21 cases Multi Basiler (MB). The number of cases of disability level II is 4.26%. The most common treatment of leprosy by people in Nagan Raya District is the treatment through Habib and Tabib known as "Peundang". The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of empowerment of Habib and Tabib in the elimination of leprosy in Nagan Raya, Aceh. This research using Quasi Experiment design with respondents in this research is Habib and Tabib who do treatment to leprosy patient in Nagan Raya and divided into two groups (intervention and control group). The instruments of data collection using questionnaires with interview techniques. Interventions given to Habib and Tabib are health education through a handbook on leprosy elimination. The results showed that there was significant difference of knowledge about leprosy between Habib and Tabib in the intervention group with Habib and Tabib in the control group (P = 0.010). Other research results are there are significant differences in attitudes towards leprosy between Habib and Tabib in the intervention group with Habib and Tabib in the control group (P = 0.040). The empowerment of Habib and Tabib proved effective in the elimination of leprosy (P = 0,000 <0.05). Based on the results of this study, it is expected to the Health Office in Nagan Raya to cooperate with Habib and Tabib as local wisdom in implementing leprosy disease elimination program.Keywords : Habib and Tabib, Elimination Program, Leprosy.
Family Perception Towards Health Role in Filariasis Countermeasures Using the Health Belief Model Approach in Aceh Besar District Elvin, Said Devi; Yusuf, Mutia; Hayati, Wirda; Alamsyah, Teuku
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 13, Issue 2, November 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.385 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v13i2.2241

Abstract

Aceh Besar District is a filariasis endemic area. This endemic state is strongly influenced by people’s perception of filariasis countermeasures. This study aimed to determine relation between family perceptions towards health role in filariasis countermeasures using the Health Belief Model. An analytical survey was applied with a cross-sectional study approach. The study population was families at three villages that are Lambaro Bileu, Lambaet, and Cot Preh of Kuta Baro Primary Health Care. This represents 1,113 families with a sample of 92 families that were selected using a proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The study instrument was a questionnaire and data were analyzed in a univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. This study showed that the families’ perceived susceptibility to filariasis disease and the families’ perception of the benefits from filariasis preventive actions are influenced the health role in filariasis countermeasures (p value = 0.012 and 0.0001). However, the families’ perception of the seriousness of filariasis disease and the families’ perception of barriers in filariasis preventive action did not influence the health role in filariasis countermeasures (p value = 0.259 and 0.230). The families’ perceived benefits of preventive action were the dominant factor related to the families’ health role in filariasis countermeasures (OR = 12.863; 95% CI = 2.566–93.537) after adjusting with perceived susceptibility to diseases (OR = 8.316; 95% CI = 1.769–26.949).