Suratmono, Suratmono
Balai Besar Kimia dan Kemasan

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BIODEGRADASI DAN TOKSISITAS DETERJEN Agustina, Siti; Wuryanto, Wuryanto; Suratmono, Suratmono
Jurnal Kimia dan Kemasan BULLETIN PENELITIAN VOL. 27 NO. 2 DESEMBER 2005
Publisher : Balai Besar Kimia dan Kemasan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3180.352 KB) | DOI: 10.24817/jkk.v0i0.3580

Abstract

Deterjen merupakan bahan pembersih pakaian yang mengandung surfaktan dan bahan pengisi, yang banyak digunakan oleh manusia. Kriteria ekolabel menunjukkan bahwa biodegradasi deterjen adalah  lebih besar dari 90% dan tingkat toksisitasnya terukur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui biodegradibilitas dan toxicity deterjen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Bakteri pseudomonas dan bakteri bacillus dapat mendegradasi deterjen sebesar 96 - 97 %, dan toksisitas lingkungan yang diuji pada ikan mas menunjukkan LC 50 selama 96 jam adalah pada konsentrasi deterjen sebesar 3,5 ppm.
Akar Masalah Keamanan Pangan Jajanan Anak Sekolah: Studi Kasus pada Bakso, Makanan Ringan, dan Mi (Roots of Problem of Food Consumed by School Children’ Safety: Case Study on Meatball, Snack, and Noodle) Syah, Dahrul; Ghaisani, Mazaya; Suratmono, Suratmono; Sparringa, Roy Alexander; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Jurnal Mutu Pangan (Indonesian Journal of Food Quality) Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Mutu Pangan (Indonesian Journal of Food Quality)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.088 KB)

Abstract

High consumption of food consumed by school children (PJAS) that are not followed by the application of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) potentially lead to many food safety problems. BPOM RI tested a number of PJAS that sold at 3950 elementary schools in Indonesia on 2011-2013 to determine its condition. The result of monitoring only show percentages of complied PJAS (MS/ Memenuhi Syarat) and not complied PJAS (TMS/Tidak Memenuhi Syarat). Further analysis is required to determine the roots of PJAS safety problems and optimal strategy for sustainable improvement of its safety and quality. Data was analyzed with analysis of variance and Pareto diagram. Analysis of variance was used to determine variability between PJAS with provinces as sampling location. It also determined variability between PJAS with food safety parameters. Pareto diagram was used to identify the main problems of food safety parameters on each PJAS. This study focused on meatballs, snacks and noodle products, whereas the other of food product was done separately. According to the result of Pareto analysis, the main problems of PJAS are microbiological contaminant and chemical contaminant. Microbiological contaminant caused by poor sanitation and hygiene on production and preparation process, while chemical contaminant due to misused of hazardous chemicals in food.