Nugroho, Efa
Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

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SUMBER DAYA LOKAL SEBAGAI DASAR PERENCANAAN PROGRAM GIZI DAERAH URBAN Kasmini H, Oktia Woro; Raharjo, Bambang Budi; Nugroho, Efa; Hermawati, Bertakalswa
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 13, No 1: MARET 2017
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.006 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v13i1.1575

Abstract

Prevalensi gizi lebih dan buruk di Indonesia dan Kota Semarang, meningkat dari tahun 2007 sampai 2013. Program yang ada belum mengoptimalkan potensi yang dipunyai daerah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menggambarkan sumber daya lokal yang dapat digunakan sebagai dasar perencanaan program gizi untuk daerah urban. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dengan fokus penelitian adalah potensi lokal yang terdiri dari unsur modal sosial, sistem sosial, sistem budaya. Penelitian dilakukan di Kota Semarang. Penentuan informan menggunakan teknik purposive dan snow ball. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah panduan observasi,wawancara, Focus Group Discussion dan Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats Analysis. Hasil yang didapat, sumber daya lokal yang dipunyai dalam rangka perencanaan program gizi adalah: 1) adanya citizenship yaitu keaktivan dankreativitas kader, social organization terutama dari posyandu didukung dengan rumah gizi, dan sosial support dari keluarga. 2) Potensi lain berkaitan dengan efek dari daerah urban yaitu: (1) Ketersediaan bahan pangan yang mudah didapat, (2) Informasi kaitannya dengan kesehatan dan gizi lebih mudah didapat, dan (3) Tersedianya sarana transportasi dan infra struktur yang memadai. Sumber daya lokal di daerah urban dapat dimanfaatkan untuk perencanaan program gizi sehingga memberi peluang keberhasilan perbaikan status gizi di masyarakat menjadi lebih tinggi.
Pembentukan Kader Jumantik sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Pengetahuan Siswa di Sekolah Dasar Rubandiyah, Hidayatul Issri; Nugroho, Efa
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 2 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.081 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN) merupakan program dari Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah (UKS) sebagai upaya pencegahan penularan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) di lingkungan Sekolah. Program tersebut belum bisa berjalan di semua sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan November 2017. Tujuan intervensi ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembentukan juru pemantau jentik (jumantik) terhadap tingkat pengetahuan siswa di SDN 1 Mluweh. Penelitian menggunakan desain One Group Pre test-Post test. Sampel sebanyak 52 siswa/siswi kelas 4 dan 5 SDN 1 Mluweh. Media yang digunakan dalam intervensi adalah flipchart dan lembar pantau jentik nyamuk. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa sebelum intervensi sebanyak 50,76% siswa memiliki pengetahuan tentang DBD. Selanjutnya terpilih sebanyak 4 siswa untuk dilatih menjadi kader jumantik sekolah. Setelah dilakukan intervensi, tingkat pengetahuan siswa meningkat sebesar 78,33%. Terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan pada siswa yang ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya persentase pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah kegiatan intervensi dilakukan. Abstract Eradication of Mosquito Breeding (PSN) was one of the School Health Unit (UKS) programs in preventing Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in School. But it had not been implemented in all elementary school. The purpose of this intervention was to determine the effect of Jumantik on the level of knowledge and attitude of students in SDN 1 Mluweh. This research was conducted in November 2017. Research used One Group Pre test-Post test design. Sample of 52 students of grade 4 and 5 SDN 1 Mluweh. The media used in the intervention were flipcharts and mosquito larvae observation sheets. From the result of the research, it was known that before intervention 50,76% students have knowledge about DHF. Subsequently selected as many as 4 students to be trained as Jumantik cadre in school. After intervention, the students' knowledge level was increase to 78.33%. There was an increase of knowledge toward the students shown by the increase of knowledge percentage before and after the extension activity is done. Keyword : Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Jumantik, Cadre, Public Health
Effectiveness Leadership and Optimalization of Local Potential in Nutrition Status Improvement Effort Handayani, Oktia Woro Kasmini; Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Nugroho, Efa; Hermawati, Bertakalswa; Vu, Nguyen Thi; Loc, Nguyen Huu
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.968 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i3.13593

Abstract

Indonesia which is a developed country, has community health issue, as nowadays face a double concern of nutrition problem. Based on the data in 2007 to 2010, over nutrition prevalence on children under five years was 14.0%, increase from condition in 2007 which was 12.2%, aligned with poor and malnutrition prevalence. Programs applied has not resulted nutrition status improvement as expected. The problem in this research is how does the effectiveness of community empowerment optimalization model in the effort to improve nutrition status. Qualitative approach is used to evaluate model implementation, with focus of the research is model implementation based on the input, process and output. Respondents are determined by purposive technique. While the instruments are observation guide, interview guide, and FGD guide. Analysing Technique by Miles and Huberman model. The quantitative approach, to assess model effectiveness, with data-fill form intrument. The calculation is viewed from number increase and effectiveness criteria from Sugiyono. Local potential optimalization in the effort to improve nutrition status indicate effectiveness criteria (60%), This activity could not result maximum effectiveness level due to the leadership style tends to paternalistic which is dominated by otoritarism, causing community empowerment by cadre members and Family Welfare Program which are the potential that will be utilized can play maximum role.
Counseling Model Development Based on Analysis of Unwanted Pregnancy Case in Teenagers Nugroho, Efa; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Purnami, Cahya Tri; Kristawansari, Kristawansari
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v13i1.9488

Abstract

Teenegers who experience unwanted pregnancies are increasing. The number of client that access the Unwanted Pregnancy counseling services in IPPA Central Java in the year 2006 (94 clients), 2007 (91 clients), 2008 (95 clients), 2009 (68 clients), 2010 (157 clients), 2011 (98 clients), and 2012 (83 clients). Related to that data, 31% of clients were referred Haid Induction (HI), 3% refer shelter, and 66% continue the pregnancy and there were not identified. This research cunducted in 2014 used quantitative-qualitative approach which aimed to develop a model of counseling after mapping the case. Respondents were 5 Unwaned Prenancy counseling clients selected based on the final decision of counseling. From the research developed counseling model for teenage which should have an easy procedure, complete services, opening hours accordingly, no discrimination, respect privacy, provide pro choice, and low prices. Services consists of counseling, contraception, safe abortion, treatment of STIs, information center counseling and HIV testing, gynecological, prenatal and postnatal services, as well as the services of victims of gender based violence and sexual abuse.
Children’s Safety Education Model through Child-Friendly Games Widowati, Evi; Hendriyani, Rulita; Nugroho, Efa; Qin, Axel Lee Wye
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2822.157 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v14i2.14705

Abstract

Children are vulnerable to potential hazards from their environment because of theircognitive, psychological and social developments are in immature stages. Formal educationis still lacking in teaching safety concepts for children, hence a fun educationalmedia for children is needed so that children can learn through child-friendly educativegames. Because of that develop a fun child safety education model is important toimprove children’s knowledge on the importance of safety, so that children can easilyunderstand how to implement safety values in their life. We used Research and Development(R&D) level 1 design to develop children’s safety education game, which consistedof five stages, started from the data collection up to assess the product effectiveness. Theresult was a “snake and ladders of safety” game as safety education media for children.We presented 12 pictures in “snake and ladders of safety” game. This research was conductedon year 2017. Based on the game evaluation, the highest average pretest scorewas 37.9 and the average posttest score increased to 65.5, hence there was an increase ofknowledge on safety by 73.1%. It can be concluded that this game can increase children’sknowledge on safety.
Path Analysis of Blood Glucose Determinant on DM Patients through Intervening Variables of Medication Adherence Kasmini Handayani, Oktia Woro; Lindasari, Pamela; Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Yuniastuti, Ari; Nugroho, Efa
Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 8 No 2 (2019): Unnes Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v0i0.30420

Abstract

The prevalence of DM patients in Indonesia in 2013 has increased compared to 2007. The non- adherence of patients in undergoing treatment therapy is one of the drug therapy problems (DTP) that needs special attention. The purpose of the study was to obtain the results of an analysis of direct and indirect relationships related to knowledge, attitudes, family support, and adherence to taking medication for blood glucose levels in patients with DM of type II. Research with correlation analytic research design, with a population of all DM patients of type II  with outpatient care in the Sleman region, DIY, were 530 people. The sample was determined by the proportionate stratified random sampling technique of 119 people. The independent variables include knowledge, attitude, family support, while the dependent variable is blood glucose levels in patients with DM of type II and the intervening variable is adherence with taking medication. This study uses path analysis techniques. The results of this study draw conclusions, knowledge, attitudes, family support and medication adherence to DM patients with directly influence blood glucose levels. Apart from knowledge, attitudes and family support through adherence to taking drugs indirectly affect blood glucose levels.
Proximate Determinant of Adolescents Fertility in Central Java Raharjo, Bambang Budi; Nugroho, Efa; Cahyati, Widya Hary; Najib, Najib; Ainun, Alfiana
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 15, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v15i1.21364

Abstract

Adolescent fertility is an important issue in terms of health and social care due to its relation to morbidity and mortality of mothers and children. The 2017 IDHS provided data regarding the percentage of women aged 15-19 who already became mothers or pregnant with their first child according to background characteristics. The 2017 IDHS results showed 7 percent of women aged 15-19 were mothers: 5 percent had given birth and 2 percent were pregnant with their first child. This study used a quantitative secondary data analysis approach. The secondary data used were the results of the Central Java IDHS 2017. The population of this study was all adolescent girls aged 15-19 years in Central Java. The unit analysis in the study were women of childbearing age which were 15-19 years from the analysis unit of Central Java IDHS in 2017 with a total sample of 4,560 respondents. From the results of the study, we noted that factors related to adolescent fertility in Central Java were age, education, use of contraception, marital status, status of living with a partner, and practice of sexual relations. Factors which were not related to adolescent fertility in Central Java were occupation, wealth, type of residential area, insurance ownership, duration of abstinence, partner's age, partner's level of education, and partner's occupation.