Soemanto, RB
UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Factors Associated with Healthy Preventive Behavior among the Elderly in Lamongan, East Java Jannah, Nurul; Tamtomo, Didik; Soemanto, RB
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior Vol 3, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: Health promotion behaviors in the elderly have potential effects in promoting health and quality of life and reducing the cost of health care services. Changes in the lifestyle of the people affected by cardiovascular diseases have more potential shares in reducing vascular problems than medicinal treatments of hypertension and high cholesterol. By convincing more people to maintain and obtain healthy lifestyles, there will be considerable reduction in emergence and disabilities due to cardiac problems. This study aimed to determine factors associated with health preventive behavior among the elderly in Lamongan, East Java.Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Lamongan, East Java, from November to December 2018. A sample of 200 elderly was selected by stratified random sampling. The dependent variable was health behavior. The independent variables were education, attitude, peer support, family support, cadre support, perceived behavioral control, subjective norm, and intention. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple linear regression.Results: Health behavior in elderly was influenced by education (b = 0.76; 95% CI = 0.27 to 1.24; p = 0.002), intention (b= 0.08; 95% CI = 0.01 to 0.16; p = 0.033), attitude (b = 0.20; 95% CI = 0.07 to 0.33; p= 0.002), perceived behavioral control (b= 0.18; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.30; p= 0.002), family support (b = 0.19 ; 95% CI = 0.08 to 0.30; p = 0.001), cadre support (b = 0.13; 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.23; p = 0.005), peer support (b = 0.07; 95% CI = - 0.01 to 0.15; p = 0.060), and subjective norm (b = 0.10; 95% CI = - 0.01 to 0.22; p = 0.064).Conclusion: Health behavior in elderly is influenced by education, intention, attitude, perceived behavioral control, family support, cadre support, peer support, and subjective norm.Keywords: health behavior, elderly, linear regressionCorrespondence: Nurul Jannah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: njannah.31@gmail.com. Mobile: +6282230300405.Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior, 2018, 3(4): 223-229https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2018.03.04.01
KEPUTUSAN ORANG TUA DALAM MENENTUKAN PENDIDIKAN DASAR BAGI ANAK DI DESA PANDEYAN, KECAMATAN NGEMPLAK, KABUPATEN BOYOLALI Prihanto, Prihanto; Soemanto, RB; Haryono, Bagus
Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jas.v2i1.17388

Abstract

Pandeyan is a village in Boyolali Regency adjacent bordering directly on Solo Municipal. Such the condition encourages the society to have a variety of school choices. The variety of school choices existing in Solo City encourages the society in Pandeyan Village to enroll their children in Solo City. This research aimed to describe the parents’ decisionconsideration in Determining Basic Education for Children in Pandeyan Village, NgemplakSubdistrict, Boyolali Regency using Weber’s social action theory.This study was a descriptive qualitative research with descriptive research strategy. The data sources of research were informant, archive, and document. The sampling technique used in this research was purposive sampling, selecting the individuals involved directly in decision making to determine primary education in Pandeyan Village thereby providing the information and data in in-depth manner as well as reliable to be the data source. Techniques of collecting data used in this research were in-depth interview and observation. Source triangulation technique was used to obtain data concerning the parents’ decision in determining basic education for children as well as to validate the data, while the analysis was conducted using a descriptive analysis.The result of research found three findings: the first was basic education for children, the parent’s perception on education for children become the rationale in acquiring better education. The second was consideration in determining basic education for children encompassing school, social-economic and children considerations. School consideration was based on the school service involving facility and learning services. Social-economic consideration was based on the compatibility of cost to the service for children. Children consideration was based on the children psychology reflected on their interest and willingness. The third was that parents’ decision in determining basic education for the children was the result of parent, social-economic and children considerations in turn becoming the determinant of parent’s action in determining basic (primary) education. The actions emerging in parent’s decision were among other: Instrumental rationality (Zwerkrationalitat) or parent’s decision in choosing school by seeing the quality of school generally, value-oriented rationality (Werkrationalitat) or the parent’s decision in choosing school by seeing religious and academic values as the main foundation, Affective action (Affectival Action) or the parent’s decision in choosing school by seeing children psychology, traditional action or the parent’s submission to receiving strength and weakness as the way they are. Keywords: Decision Making, Social Action, Education Sociology.
ANALISIS PERSPEKTIF GENDER DALAM POLA PERILAKU PURNA MIGRAN PEREMPUAN DI SRAGEN Rahmawati, Ratih; Demartoto, Argyo; Soemanto, RB
Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jas.v6i2.18120

Abstract

Woman’s migrant retirement identical as an unskilled labor, minimal in knowledge and skill, therefore they only rely on remittance to fulfilthe necessities of life. But after empowerment conducted to do poductive activities we can see there’s transformation on behaviour pattern that woman’s migrant retirement perceive. On one side they have income so that they can increase family welfare, but on the other hand woman’s migrant retirement feel the effect of the empowerment that being held.The aim of this research is to know the behaviour pattern of woman’s migrant retirement at Sragen City, Indonesia which analyze by gender perspective theory. This research using qualitative methods with case study approach, in-depth and holistic data processing through observation, interview and documentation.The result of this study show that, woman’s migrant retirement kept their family welfare the same as the time before they were migrant workers. The strategy that woman’s migrant retirement do is to harness their income to be bussines financier and form a social networking that include poductive activities that can increase the income.Such activities are done as a collective group which include goat livestock, catering, vegetable’s base food production, and craft. Woman’s migrant retirement have a bussines group that ensure of equality right of bussines so that lifesyle change took place on woman’s migrant retirement. At this empowerment process woman’s migrant retirement did not experience marginalization and did not suffered form violation. But they undergone double burden because majority of them were housewife that has obligation to take care their husband and child. Woman’s migrant retirement.Keywords: Gender Analysis, Behaviour Pattern, Woman’s Migrant Retirement.AbstrakPurna migran perempuan identik dengan tenaga yang kurang terampil, minim pengetahuan dan keahlian sehingga hanya mengandalkan remitan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidup.Namun setelah diadakan pemberdayaan dengan melaksankaan kegiatan produktifterdapat transformasi pola perilaku yang dirasakan oleh purna migran perempuan. Disatu sisi mereka memiliki pendapatan sehingga dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan keluarga, namun disisi lain purna migran perempuan merasakan dampak-dampak dari diadakannya pemberdayaan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  mengetahuipola perilaku purna migran perempuan di Sragen Indonesia yang dianalisis dengan teori perspektif gender. Penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus ini mengolah data secara mendalam dan menyeluruh melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa purna migran perempuan menjaga kesejahteraan keluarga seperti ketika menjadi migran.Strategi yang dilakukan purna migran perempuan adalah memanfaatkan pendapatan secara optimal dijadikan modal usaha dan membentuk suatu jaringan sosial yang didalamnya berisi kegiatan produktif yang dapat menambah penghasilan.Kegiatan yang dilakukan secara berkelompok seperti ternak kambing, catering makanan, produksi makanan olahan dari sayur-sayuran, serta produksi kerajinan tangan. Purna migran perempuan yang memiliki kelompok usaha telah memiliki hak-hak yang setara dalam memiliki pekerjaan sehingga perubahan gaya hidup terjadi dalam diri purna migran perempuan. Pada proses pemberdayaan purna migran perempuan tidak mengalami marginalisasi serta tidak mengalami tindakan kekerasan. Namun mereka mengalami beban ganda sebab mayoritas dari mereka ibu rumah tangga yang memiliki kewajiban untuk mengurus suami dan anak. Purna migran perempuan tidak mengalami stereotype atau pelabelan ketika melaksanakan kegiatan produktif.Kata Kunci: Analisis Gender, Pola Perilaku, Purna Migran Perempuan.
KENAKALAN PELAJAR DALAM KELUARGA SINGLE PARENT: STUDI KASUS PADA PELAJAR DALAM KELUARGA SINGLE PARENT DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS NEGERI 1 GIRIMARTO, WONOGIRI TAHUN 2012/2013 wahyuni, sri; Soemanto, RB; Haryono, Bagus
Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jas.v4i2.17430

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Student deliquency is a deviant behavior by students that plaguing thesociety. The purposes of this research were to determine how the forms ofstudent deliquency, the caused factors and the efforts to address studentdelinquency in single parent family in first state SMA of Girimarto. Theresearch method was used descriptive case study. The theory used is theHerbert Blummer’s symbolic interactionism theory. The results showed thatthe forms of student delinquency in a single parent family in first state SMA ofGirimarto are sociological delinquency and individual delinquency. Thecaused factor is children inside and outside factor that is single parent families.Efforts made by first state SMA of Girimarto in handling students delinquencyin single parent families are includes of spiritual building, support grouptherapy, application of school rules were tightened, teens posyandu, lesson inKinanthi song and to their parents for guidance and supervision.Keywords: Delinquency, families, single parent, students.
POLA ASUH LONG DISTANCE DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KONSEP DIRI REMAJA (Studi Diskriptif Tentang Pola Asuh Long Distance Dalam Pembentukan Konsep Diri Remaja di SMAN 1 Girimarto, Kabupaten Wonogiri) Wulandari, Retno Wahyu; Soemanto, RB; Kartono, Drajat Tri
Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jas.v2i1.17384

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This study was a descriptive qualitative trying to describe the actual condition of informants. This study aimed to find out the long distance caring pattern in the adolescents in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto, the establishment of adolescent self-concept in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto, and the relationship of long distance caring pattern applied to the establishment of adolescent self-concept in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto. Considering the data obtained, it could be concluded that: caring pattern was divided into two: controlled and free. There were two self-concepts established: dynamic and static. Parent provided reward in the form of material or praise for the achievement the adolescents reached as the form of reward and punishment for the fault or infringement they did. The primary family’s attention contributed to the establishment of adolescent self-concept as well, because the adolescents needed environment as a role model. The adolescents living separately from the parents were accustomed to cope with their problems independently. Keywords: Long distance caring pattern, self-concept, adolescent
Biopsychosocial Determinants of Quality of Life in the Elderly at Tresna Werdha Social Nursing Home, Yogyakarta Swastika, Sobma; Rahardjo, Setyo Sri; Soemanto, RB
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: Aging process is a multidimensional natural process with implicating problem involving various aspects, i.e. biological, psychological, and social aspects. Efforts are needed to prolong life expectancy and to improve the quality of life of the elderly. This study aimed to analyze biopsychosocial determinants of quality of life in the elderly at Tresna Werdha Social Nursing Home, Yogyakarta.Subjects and Method: This study was analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. It was conducted at Abiyoso and Budi Luhur units, Tresna Werdha Social Nursing Home, Yogyakarta, in April 2017. A sample of 100 elderly were selected for this study by purposive sampling and simple random sampling. The independent variables were health status, level of independence, intellectual function, depression, and social activities. The dependent variable was quality of life. The data were collected by a set of pre-tested questionnaire and analyzed by logistic regression.Results: Biopsychosocial determinants of quality of life in the elderly included health status (OR= 11.66; 95% CI= 2.18 to 62.14; p= 0.004), level of independence (OR= 4.12; 95% CI= 1.08 to 15.60; p= 0.037), intellectual function (OR= 9.75; 95% CI = 1.09 to 87.08; p= 0.036), depression (OR= 3.38; 95% CI= 1.01 to 11.24; p= 0.047), and social activities (OR= 6.02; 95% CI = 1.12 to 32.25; p= 0.047).Conclusion: Health status, level of independence, intellectual function, depression, and social activities, are biopsychosocial determinants of quality of life in the elderlyKeywords: biopsychosocial, determinant, quality of life, elderlyCorrespondence: Sobma Swastika. Masters Program in Public Health, Sebelas Maret University. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: sobmaswastika@gmail.com. Mobile: +628113239862.Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2017), 2(1):  82-92https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2017.02.01.08
Biopsychosocial Factors Affecting Functional Disability and Depression in Patients with Osteoarthritis in Surakarta, Central Java Sudaryanto, Wahyu Tri; Mudigdo, Ambar; Soemanto, RB
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of disability in the elderly. OA can cause chronic pain, disability, and the patient's quality of life. This study aimed to determine the biopsychosocial factors affecting functional disability and depression in patients with OA in Surakarta, Central Java.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic and observational study with a case-control design. The study was conducted at Dr. Moewardi Hospital and Dr. Soeharso Orthopedic Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from January to February 2018. A sample of 200 OA patients was selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variables were functional disability and depression. The independent variables were age, sex, grade of OA, duration, body mass index (BMI), history of injury, pain level, family support, and peer support. Depression data were measured by Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). Functional disability data were measured by The Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index (WOMAC). The other variables were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by path analysis.Results: The risk of depression increased with higher BMI (b= 0.23; SE= 0.10; p= 0.021), pain level (b= 0.16; SE= 0.07; p= 0.022), duration (year) (b= 0.27; SE= 0.12; p= 0.025), and poor functional disability (b= 0.19; SE= 0.04; p<0.001). Depression decreased with stronger family support (b= -0.05; SE= 0.03; p= 0.031) and stronger peer support (b= -0.09; SE= 0.05; p= 0.001). The risk of functional disability increased with female sex (b= 3.36; SE= 1.21; p= 0.006), age (b= 0.14; SE= 0.06; p= 0.016), BMI (b= 0.31; SE= 0.17; p= 0.070), had experienced injury (b= 2.27; SE= 1.16; p= 0.051), higher grade of OA (b= 1.32; SE= 0.65; p= 0.041), and higher pain level (b= 0.41; SE= 0.12; p<0.001). The risk of functional disability decreased with stronger family support (b= -0.16; SE= 0.04; p<0.001) and stronger peer support (b= -0.29; SE= 0.08; p<0.001).Conclusion: Depression in OA patients is affected by BMI, pain level, duration (year), functional disability family support, and peer support. Functional disability is affected by sex, age, BMI, injury experience, grade of OA, pain level, family support, and peer support.Keywords: osteoarthritis, depression, functional disability, pain, BMI, family support, peer supportCorrespondence: Wahyu Tri Sudaryanto. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: wahyu.londho86@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: 085640637769.Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2018), 3(2): 292-306https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2018.03.02.08
The Contextual Effect of Village on Early Marriage in Wonogiri, Central Java Prawita, Mirna; Soemanto, RB; Murti, Bhisma
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol 4, No 5 (2019)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: In spite of international agreements and national laws, the marriage of girls <18 years of age is common worldwide and affects millions. Child marriage is a human rights violation as it prevents girls from obtaining an education, enjoying optimal health, bonding with others their own age, maturing, and ultimately choosing their own life partners. Child marriage is driven by poverty. Therefore, village level of prosperity may have a contextual effect on child marriage. The purpose of this study was to examine the contextual effect of the village on early marriage in Wonogiri, Central Java.Subjects and Method: A case-control study was conducted at 25 villages in Wonogiri, East Java, in December 2018. A sample of 225 women was selected by fixed disease sampling. The dependent variable was an early marriage. The independent variables were the intention, attitude, perceived behavior control, paternal education, maternal education, and information exposure. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by multilevel analysis.Results: The risk of early marriage increased with exposure to negative information (b= 0.97; 95% CI= 0.20 to 1.72; p<0.012), negative attitude (b= 1.67; 95% CI= 1.00 to 2.67; p<0.001), and strong intention (b= 1.86; 95% CI= 1.03 to 2.70; p<0.001). The risk of early marriage decreased with high paternal education (b= -0.81; 95% CI= -1.57 to -2.14; p= 0.009), high maternal education (b= -0.65; 95% CI= -1.37 to 0.85; p= 0.083), strong perceived behavior control (b= -1.77; 95% CI= -1.77 to -0.20; p= 0.013). Village had contextual effect on early marriage with ICC= 15%.Conclusion: The risk of early marriage increases with high exposure to information, negative attitude, and strong intention. The risk of early marriage increases with high paternal education high maternal education, strong perceived behavior control. The village has a contextual effect on early marriage.Keywords: intention, early marriage, parental education, information exposureCorrespondence: Mirna Prawita. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: mirna.prawita2013@gmail.com. Mobile: 085­642331691.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2019), 4(5): 317-325https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2019.04.05.03
Linear Regression Analysis on Factors Affecting Health Surveillance Personnel Performance in Early Detection of Preeclampsia in Semarang, Central Java Cahyandaru, Zella; Tamtomo, Didik; Soemanto, RB
Journal of Health Policy and Management Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal death both globally and regionally. It can be prevented either through continuous surveillance and early detection activities. City Health Office in Semarang recruited health surveillance officers as an effort to reduce maternal mortality especially due to preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors associated with health surveillance personnel performance in the early detection of preeclampsia.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional design. The study was conducted in 26 community health centers in Semarang, from October to December 2018. A sample 148 health surveillance personnels was selected by exhaustive sampling. The dependent variable was health surveillance personnels performance. The independent variables were age, work motivation, work stress, job satisfaction, leadership style, and supervision. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple linear regression.Results: Health surveillance personnel’s performance in early detection of preeclampsia was positively associated with strong work motivation (b= 0.12; 95% CI= 0.07 to 0.16; p<0.001), low work stress (b= 0.08; 95% CI= -0.01 to 0.15; p= 0.058), work satisfaction (b= 0.10; 95% CI= 0.05 to 0.15; p<0.001), leadership style (b= 0.23; 95% CI= 0.10 to 0.37; p= 0.001), and good supervision (b= 0.31; 95% CI= 0.18 to 0.45; p<0.001). Health surveillance personnel’s performance was negatively associated with older age (b= -0.08; 95% CI= -0.16 to 0.01; p= 0.050).Conclusions: Health surveillance personnel performance in early detection of preeclampsia is positively associated with strong work motivation, low work stress, work satisfaction, leadership style, and good supervision. Performance is negatively associated with older age.Keywords: early detection, preeclampsia, performance, health surveillance personnelCorrespondence: Zella Cahyandaru. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia. Email: zellacahyandaru@gmail.com. Mobile: +6287832622469.Journal of Health Policy and Management (2019), 4(1): 13-22https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpm.2019.04.01.02