Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Published : 3 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

Karakterisasi Morfologi dan Sifat Kuantitatif Gandum (Triticum aestivum L.) di Dataran Menengah Widowati, Sartika; Khumaida, Nurul; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Trikoesoemaningtyas, dan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.256 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACTIndonesia is one of the largest wheat importers. Suitable environmental condition for wheat needs to be studied if wheat is going to be widely cultivated in Indonesia. The adaptability of wheat grown in various climates and altitudes is one of the important aspects. The objective of this experiment was to study the quantitative and morphological character of wheat grown in middle land (540 m asl) in Bogor, West Java. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Wheat genotypes used were three national varieties (Nias, Selayar, and Dewata), four new improved varieties (Guri 3 Agritan, Guri 4 Agritan, Guri 5 Agritan, and Guri 6 Unand), and one introduced genotype (SBD). Data were collected for several quantitative variables and seventeen morphological characters based on UPOV descriptor. The result showed that wheat growth was restricted in Bogor. Genotype determined plant height, leaf number, ear length, root length, number of spikelet, harvest time, seed weight, number of tillers, and plant biomass. Based on ear length, grain weight, and plant biomass, Guri 3 Agritan had the highest production than the other genotypes.Keywords: diversity, genetic relationship, high temperature, introduced genotype, phylogenetic
Evaluasi Hasil dan Kandungan Pati Mutan Ubi Kayu Hasil Iradiasi Sinar Gamma Generasi M1V4 Subekti, Isnani; Khumaida, Nurul; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Syukur, dan Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 46, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.196 KB)

Abstract

Cassava is one of the important starch producer crops. Although Indonesia ranks as the third largest cassava producer country, Indonesia still imports cassava starch to meet the domestic demand in food and non-food industries. Gamma ray irradiation has been implemented to generate cassava mutants in order to support development of superior cassava variety, especially high yield and high starch content, especially high yield and high starch content. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the yield potential and the starch content of gamma irradiated 40 putative cassava mutants at M1V4 generation. This research was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications and conducted at Cikabayan Experimental Field, IPB, Bogor, from May 2016 to March 2017. The starch content was measured using gravimetric methods. The results showed that five mutants, G2142, G3151, G2141, G1143, and G3111, had higher tuber weight per plant (6-7 kg per plant) compared to the background ‘Gajah’ genotype (4.7 kg per plant). ‘G2112’ mutant genotype showed higher starch content (23.86%) compared to the background ‘Gajah’ genotype (17.65%). The specific gravity (SG) was positively correlated with starch content (r = 0.905), indicated that the higher the SG, the higher the starch content of cassava.Keywords: gravimetric, mutant, specific gravity (SG), yield
Pembentukan Buah dan Perkecambahan Tanaman Jarak Pagar pada Transformasi Langsung Melalui Jalur Tabung Polen Zainudin, Agus; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta; Santoso, Tri Joko; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Trikoesoemaningtyas, dan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 46, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (432.449 KB)

Abstract

The genetic transformation via pollen-tube pathway in jatropha is the first alternative method that was applied in this plant. The objective of the research was to study fruit set and germination of three genotypes of jatropha following direct transformations via pollen-tube pathways. The research was conducted during April 2014 until January 2015 at jatropa’s experimental field, Pasuruan, and at green house of ICABIOGRAD, Bogor. Three genotypes of jatropha i.e., IP3A, IP3P and JcUMM18 were used. In the first experiment, split plot design was used where 3 levels of DNA plasmid concentration as a main plot and 5 levels of stigma-drip time of DNA plasmid as a subplot. In the second experiment randomized block design was used with single factor consisting of 15 combinations of concentration and stigma-drip time of DNA plasmid as treatments and control. The results demonstrated that interaction between concentration and application time of DNA plasmid did not significantly affect fruit and seeds formation of three Jatropha genotypes. Combination of DNA plasmid concentration with time of stigma-drip had significant effect on seed germination rate of IP3A genotype, but not significant on the other variables. The concentration of 0.05-0.5 µg µL-1 and application time of DNA plasmid at 1-10 hours after pollination could be applied on jatropha genetic transformation via pollen-tube pathways.Keywords: DNA plasmid, Jatropha curcas, pCAMBIA1301, pollen-tube, stigma-drip