Wirnas, Desta
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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Kendali Genetik Toleransi Kekeringan pada Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L.) Suwarno, Punjung Medaraji; Wirnas, Desta; Junaedi, dan Ahmad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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ABSTRACTDrought has become a main barrier of rainfed rice in dry climate and short wet season areas. Growing drought-tolerance varieties is a practical approach to minimize yield lost of rice by the drought stress condition. The aims of this research were to examine the inheritance of drought tolerance character, to identify selection traits, and to estimate genetic gain for drought tolerant on lowland rice. Four rice varieties, i.e., Jatiluhur, Mentik Wangi, IR64, Way Apo Buru, were fully diallel crossed. The parent varieties and the F1’s were grown at Sawah Baru, Dramaga experimental field in two irrigation treatments, optimum and sub optimum where irrigation was applied until three weeks after transplanting. A randomized complete block design with three replications for each irrigation treatment was applied to the experiment. The results showed that there is a significant maternal effect on tiller number. The values of additive variance were higher than the dominance for all other characters except tiller number and grain weight per plant. The highest value for narrow sense heritability was achieved by panicle length.Keywords: diallel, drought, genetic, rice
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Besi dalam Larutan Hara terhadap Gejala Keracunan Besi dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman Padi Noor, Aidi; Lubis, Iskandar; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Chozin, Muhammad Achmad; Anwar, Khairil; Wirnas, Desta
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 40, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Iron (Fe) toxicity is a major constraint in rice production that decreases yield due to high level of soluble Fe. The aims of this experiement were to study the effect of particular Fe concentrations in nutrient solution on rice growth, and to determine Fe concentration in nutrient solution that caused light, moderate, and severe Fe toxiciy symptom. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, Bogor Agricultural University from May to July 2010. A randomized block design with two factors and three replications were used in this study. The first factor was Fe concentration in the medium solution (2, 50, 100, 200, 400, 600 ppm Fe), and second factor was rice genotypes (IR64, Margasari). The results showed the higher Fe concentration in the solution resulted in higher scores of iron toxicity symptoms, higher Fe levels in the plant, and caused stunted growth of rice plants. Levels of Fe in a solution of ≥ 200 ppm Fe inhibited plant growth. Iron toxicity symptom in Margasari was lower than the IR64 varieties, especially at concentrations of 200 and 400 ppm. According to the regression equation Y = 0.022X+ 1849, Fe concentration in the solution which caused light Fe toxicity symptom (score ≤ 3) was ≤ 52 ppm Fe, moderate (score = 5) was 143 ppm Fe, heavy (score = 7) was 234 ppm Fe, and severe (score ≥ 9) was ≥ 325 ppm Fe. Keywords: iron toxicity symptoms, iron concentration, rice