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PENGARUH PIJAT OKSITOSIN TERHADAP NYERI IBU BERSALIN DAN KEMAJUAN PERSALINAN DI PUSKESMAS GARUDA TAHUN 2015 Wijaya, Merry; Tala Bewi, Dessy Winny; Rahmiati, Lina
Jurnal Ilmiah Bidan (JIB) Vol 3 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Ikatan Bidan Indonesia (IBI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.641 KB) | DOI: 10.0809/jib.v3i3.85

Abstract

Nyeri persalinan merupakan hal yang sangat ditakuti oleh sebagian besar ibu hamil yang akan bersalin, terdapat banyak metode untuk mengurangi bahkan menghilangkan nyeri persalinan, salah satunya dengan menggunakan pijat oksitosin. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pijat oksitosin terhadap nyeri ibu bersalin dan kemajuan persalinan. Metode dalam penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimental. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara accidental sampling. Hasil penelitin diketahui bahwa nyeri ibu bersalin mengalami perubahan, hal ini terbukti berkurangnya rasa nyeri yang dialami responden pada saat pre tes 57,1 % masuk kategori nyeri sedang berubah menjadi 36,7 % saat post tes, dan responden berkategori nyeri berat dari 14,3 % saat pre tes menjadi 0 % saat pos tes. Pijat oksitosin berpengaruh terhadap penurunan nyeri ibu bersalin dengan P sebesar 0,05. Kelompok pijat oksitosin maupun kelompok yang tidak dilakukan pijat oksitosin sama-sama tidak mengalami kemajuan persalinan, karena yang tidak dilakukan pemijatan oxitosin juga tidak mengalami perpanjangan kala 1 fase aktif. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pijat oksitotin berpengaruh menurunkan nyeri ibu bersalin, tetapi tidak berpengaruh untuk kemajuan persalinan.
Gambaran Pemanfaatan Buku KIA dan Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Mengenai Tanda Bahaya Kehamilan Napitupulu, Theresa Febrianti; Rahmiati, Lina; Handayani, Dini Saraswati; Setiawati, Elsa Pudji; Susanti, Ari Indra
Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Mei
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkesvo.33900

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kesadaran masyarakat tentang kesehatan ibu hamil yang masih rendah menjadi faktor penentu AKI dan AKB. Meskipun masih banyak faktor yang harus diperhatikan untuk menangani masalah tersebut, namun salah satu faktor penyebab kematian adalah ketidaktahuan ibu hamil maupun keluarga dalam mengenali tanda bahaya kehamilan, untuk menyelesaikannya pemerintah berupaya meningkatkan kesadaran dan pengetahuan ibu hamil serta keluarga dengan buku kesehatan ibu dan anak (KIA).Tujuan: Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui gambaran pemanfaatan buku KIA dan pengetahuan ibu hamil mengenai tanda bahaya kehamilan di wilayah Puskesmas Jatinangor tahun 2017Metode: Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan potong lintang, dilakukan pada tanggal 10 juni s.d 10 juli tahun 2017. Sampel penelitian adalah semua ibu hamil di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Jatinangor. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik total sampling dengan responden dalam kriteria inklusi berjumlah 183 responden. Pengambilan data menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Analisa data univariat menggunakan distribusi frekuensi.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukan, pemanfaatan buku KIA berdasarkan karakteristik umur lebih banyak digunakan dengan usia <20 tahun sebesar 7 orang (70%), ibu berpendidikan rendah sebanyak 57 orang (65,5%), primigravida sebanyak 46 orang (75,4%) dan ibu yang bekerja sebanyak 29 orang (70%). Sedangkan hasil pengetahuan baik berdasarkan karakteristik usia berada pada usia 20-35 sebanyak 82 orang (54,3%), ibu berpendidikan tinggi 8 orang (72,7%), primigravida sebanyak 36 orang (59,1%) dan ibu yang bekerja sebanyak 26 orang (61,98%).Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Jatinangor tahun 2017 responden memanfaatkan buku KIA dan memiliki pengetahuan baik.
Gender, Age, Marital Status, and Education as Predictors to Quality of Life in Elderly: WHOQOL-BREF Indonesian Version Gondodiputro, Sharon; Hidayati, Aghnia Rizki; Rahmiati, Lina
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the quality of life in elderly with regards to gender, age, marital status, and education.Methods: An analytical study involving 88 (eighty eight) elderly who lived in 6 villages in the suburb area of Jatinangor sub-district, West Java, Indonesiawas performed in June 2017. The inclusion criteria were men and women, ≥60 years old, able to communicate in Indonesian, and a mini mental state examination (MMSE) score of ≥23. The variables in the study were gender, age, marital status, and education. Quality of life (QoL) was measured using translated WHOQOL-BREF. Collected data in the study were analyzed statistically using Chi square, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, Post hoc using Wilcoxon, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.Results: The study discovered that all of the respondents had low QoL score (≤60). The lowest score was the result of physical  domain. There was no significant QoL difference between men and women (p>0.05) but a significant QoL difference regarding to age, marital status and education level was found in the study (p˂0.05).Conclusions: Elderly in suburb area has low QoL and there is a difference in Qol based on age, marital status, and educational level.Keywords: Education level, elderly, gender, marital status, quality of life DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1201
Relationship between Gymnastics Exercise and Insomnia in Elderly Nasa, Fauziah Nurillah; Gondodiputro, Sharon; Rahmiati, Lina
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1132

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the relationship between gymnastics exercise and insomnia in elderly.Methods: This study involved 60 elderly as the respondents. The respondents were divided into two groups: group 1 consisting of elderly who practiced gynmastics exercise and group 2 consisting of elderly who did not practice gymnastics exercise. The members of group 1 were enrolled from 3 gymnastic groups in 3 villages in Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia and the members of group 2 were elderly who lived in the same villages as the elderly in group 1. The inclusion criteria were elderly women who could communicate effectively and with a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of >23. Particularly for group 1, additional criteria were applied, i.e. elderly who did gynmastics exercise minimal once a month and each exercise lasted for at least one hour. Insomnia level was determined using the insomnia severity index (ISI). This study was carried out in June 2017. Homogeneity of the groups was examined using proportion difference test and data were analyzed using chi-square test and one way ANOVA.Results: Insomnia prevalence was 56.6% but insomnia prevalence in group 2 was higher (43.3%) than that of  group 1 (13.3%). This study discovered that there was significant relationship between gymnastics exercise and insomnia in elderly (p=0.000). Referring to the  frequency of the gymnastics exercise, significant relationship between gymnastics exercise and insomnia in elderly was also found (p=0.040). Conclusions: Gymnastics exercise is a promising nonpharmacologic therapy to treat insomnia in elderly.Keywords: Elderly, insomnia, gymnastics exercise DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1132
Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude, Motivation-to-Breastfeed Exclusively between Allied Health Students and Students of Other Fields at Universitas Padjadjaran Astuti, Sri; Judistiani, Tina Dewi; Rahmiati, Lina; Susanti, Ari Indra
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 48, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v48n3.848

Abstract

Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude, and Motivation-to-Breastfeed Exclusively between Allied Health Students and Students of Other Fields at Universitas PadjadjaranUniversity students are among future intellectuals who will play an important role in community education and empowerment, especially on the topic of exclusive breastfeeding, in which the coverage is low in Indonesia. This study aimed to compare students’ knowledge, attitude, and motivation-to-breastfeed exclusively between allied health studies (AHS), i.e medicine and midwifery,  and other fields studies (OFS), i.e. psychology, communication, literacy, and farming. Further information will be gained from exploring the correlation of knowledge-attitude, as well as attitude - motivation in both groups. A study was conducted among Indonesian female students in their final year of bachelor degree in October to November 2013. The subjects recruited were 196/340 female AHS and 300/633 female OFS. The remaining students were absent at data collection time. Validity and reliability of the questionnaires were satisfactory. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Committee on Health Research Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran. The mean scores must be higher than the cut off points to pass. Student’s T test result showed a highly significant difference (AHS vs OFS group: 83.1 vs 71.1 for  knowledge, 91.3 vs 86.4 for attitude, and 88.3 vs 83.6 for  motivation-to-breastfeed exclusively,  p<0.001). It is revealed also that the correlation index between knowledge-attitude as well as attitude -  motivation-to- breastfeed exclusively were higher in AHS group, but some AHS students scored lower than the OFS students. Discussion on this topic is presented in this article. Corrective interventions are needed for students who scored low.  This study shows a satisfactory students’ scores of knowledge, attitude, motivation-to-breastfeed exclusively. The AHS group has a better performance and correlation index between  knowledge and attitude, attitude and  motivation-to-breastfeed exclusively. [MKB. 2016;48(3):176–80]Key words: Allied health students, attitude, knowledge, motivation-to-breastfeed exclusively, students of other fields Hubungan antara Pengetahuan dan Perilaku, serta Motivasi Menyusui pada Mahasiswi Fakultas Medis dan Non-medis di Universitas PadjadjaranMahasiswi universitas yang keberadaanya di antara para intelektual masa depan mempunyai peran penting dalam pendidikan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat, khususnya mengenai air susu ibu (ASI) eksklusif yang mempunyai cakupan rendah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan pengetahuan, sikap, dan motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif antara beberapa studi kesehatan (AHS), yaitu kedokteran dan kebidanan, serta studi bidang lain (OFS), yaitu psikologi, komunikasi, sastra, dan pertanian. Informasi lebih lanjut akan mengeksplorasi hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, serta sikap-motivasi pada kedua kelompok. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari Oktober–November 2013. Sampel terdiri atas 196/340 perempuan AHS dan 300/633 OFS perempuan di Universitas Padjadjaran. Sampel yang tidak diambil adalah mahasiswi yang tidak hadir pada saat pengumpulan data. Validitas dan reliabilitas kuesioner yang memuaskan. Izin etik diperoleh dari Komite Etik Penelitian Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran. Hasil nilai yang lebih tinggi mempunyai poin untuk lulus. Hasil uji-t mahasiswi menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat signifikan (AHS vs kelompok OFS adalah 83,1 vs 71,1 untuk pengetahuan, 91,3 vs 86,4 sikap, dan 88,3 vs 83,6 motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif, p<0,001). Indeks korelasi antara pengetahuan dan sikap serta sikap dengan motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif lebih tinggi pada kelompok AHS, namun beberapa mahasiswi AHS mempunyai nilai lebih rendah daripada mahasiswi OFS. Hal tersebut dibahas dalam artikel, intervensi korektif yang diperlukan antara mahasiswi yang mendapat nilai rendah. Penelitian ini menunjukkan hasil yang memuaskan pada nilai mahasiswi tentang pengetahuan, sikap, dan motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif. Kelompok AHS menunjukkan kinerja dan indeks korelasi yang lebih baik antara pengetahuan dan sikap, sikap dengan motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif. [MKB. 2016;48(3):176–80]Kata kunci: Mahasiswi kesehatan, motivasi untuk menyusui secara eksklusif, mahasiswi non-kesehatan, sikap dan pengetahuan
Gambaran Pengetahuan Ibu tentang Persiapan Fisik dan Psikis Memasuki Masa Menopause Asriati, Cynthia Ramadhan; Wijaya, Merry; Nirmala, Sefita Aryuti; Gondodiputro, Sharon; Rahmiati, Lina
Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Mei
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.567 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkesvo.41638

Abstract

AbstrakLatar Belakang: Menopause merupakan hal yang fisiologis bagi setiap wanita. Wanita yang menghadapi menopause akan mengalami beberapa keluhan baik secara fisik maupun psikis. Gejala yang dialami wanita pada masa menjelang menopause menyebabkan ketidaksiapan ibu tentang perubahan fisik maupun psikis. Untuk mengurangi hal tersebut wanita harus mempersiapkan diri baik secara fisik maupun psikis dalam menghadapi menopause.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan ibu tentang persiapan fisik dan psikis memasuki masa menopause di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Soreang.Metode: Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengana pendekatan cross sectional dilaksanakan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Soreang. Sampel penelitian ini sebanyak 80 orang ibu yang berusia 40 – 45 tahun dengan pengambilan sample menggunakan teknik multistage random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuesioner.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar responden memiliki tingkat pendidikan SLTA sebanyak (46,3%), jumlah paritas 1 – 2 anak sebanyak (56,3%) dan 3 atau lebih sebanyak (43,8%), sedangkan sebagian besar tinggal bersama suami dan anak sebanyak 68 responden (85%) sedangkan gambaran pengetahuan tentang persiapan fisik dan persiapan psikis memasuki masa menopause masih dikatakan cukup yaitu sebesar (67,5%) pengetahuan persiapan fisik dan (65%) pengetahuan persiapan psikis. Hasil penelitian ini dapat diharapkan peran aktif dari petugas kesehatan dapat memberikan penyuluhan, memberikan informasi persiapan fisik dan psikis menopause serta ibu aktif dalam kegiatan poswindu agar meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang persiapan fisik dan psikis menopauseKesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan ibu di wilayah kerja Puskemas Soreang memiliki pengetahuan persiapan fisik dan psikis menopause dalam kategori cukup.Kata kunci: Pengetahuan; Persiapan Fisik dan Psikis; Menopause. AbstractBackground: Menopause is physiological for women. Women who face menopause will experience both physical and psychological complaints. The symptoms experienced by women in the days leading up to the menopause causing women to feel unprepared about the physical and psychological changes of menopause. To reduce this, women should prepare themselves physically and psychologically in dealing with menopause.Objective: This study aimed to determine the description of mother's knowledge about physical and psychological preparation entering the menopause period in the working area of Soreang Community Health Center.Methods: This research was descriptive research with cross sectional approach. The samples of this research were 80 people aged 40 - 45 years by using Cluster Sampling technique. The instrument used was questionnaire.Results: The results of this study indicated that the highest percentage of education level of respondents was senior high school level (46.3%), the number of parity is not much different from 1 to 2 children (56.3%) and 3 or more (43.8%). The highest percetage of the residence type was living together with husband and child (85%). The description of knowledge is sufficiently categorized (67.5%) of physical knowledge and (65%) knowledge of psychological preparation. In relation to the results of this study, the active role of health officials was expected to be able to provide counseling or provide information about the physical and psychological preparation of menopause. On the onther hand, mothers who were active in poswindu was expected to further improve the knowledge about menopause preparation.Conclusions: It can be concluded that mothers in the Soreang Community Health Center work area have knowledge of menopausal physical and psychological preparation in sufficient categories.Keywords : Knowledge; Physical and Psychological Preparation; Menopause
Elderly Profile of Quality of Life Using WHOQOL-BREF Indonesian Version: A Community-Dwelling Hidayati, Aghnia Rizki; Gondodiputro, Sharon; Rahmiati, Lina
Althea Medical Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v5n2.1417

Abstract

Background: Indonesia as one of the developing countries is facing a demographic transition. The proportion of under-five children is decreasing while the proportion of elderly is rising. This situation is followed by the increase of noncommunicable/degenerative diseases. However, this situation is not a constraint for the elderly to have a better life. The WHOQOL Group had developed a questionnaire to measure the elderly’s quality of life. The aim of this study was to describe the quality of life (QoL) of a community-dwelling elderly by using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire Indonesian version.Methods: Eighty eight elderly from 6 villages in Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia were involved in a descriptive study relating to QoL by using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire Indonesian version.  The inclusion criteria were men and women, aged ≥60 years, could communicate effectively, and had Mini Mental State Examination score ≥>23. The variables in the study were physical, psychological, social and environmental domains and facets in the QoL questionnaire. The collected data in the study were analyzed using the central tendency items.Results: Most respondents had low QoL scores (≤60). This study discovered that some facets of every domain in the WHOQOL-BREF had low scores, namely adequate energy, ability to perform daily living activities, satisfaction with work capacity, ability to concentrate, acceptance of physical appearance, satisfaction of sex life, financial fulfillment, availibility of information, opportunity for leisure activities and transport.Conclusions: Most of the elderly have low QoL scores in some facets of every domain in the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire.  
Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin melalui Pemeriksaan dan Pemberian Tablet Fe Terhadap Remaja yang Mengalami Anemia Melalui “Gerakan Jumat Pintar” Nuraeni, Rini; Sari, Puspa; Martini, Neneng; Astuti, Sri; Rahmiati, Lina
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 5, No 2 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.40570

Abstract

Anemia iron deficiency in adolescent girls have an impact to decrease of productivity work and academic ability in school and long term can lead to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. Therefore, it is necessary prevention and control of anemia with the provision of iron. The purpose of this research was to determine the intake of iron supplementation and the effectiveness of giving oral iron supplementation to increase levels of adolescent girl’s hemoglobin. This is interventional research with one group pretest-posttest design. The Sample in this research is adolescent girls, with a total sample of 31 respondents. The respondent received iron supplementation every Friday, for one month through “Gerakan Jumat Pintar”. The nutritional intake data were obtained from the food record for 3 days. Statistically, the analysis used is Wilcoxon. The result indicated that anemia iron deficiency in adolescent girls is decrease from 42% to 22.6%. Adolescent girls who suffer from moderate anemia are a decrease from 58% to 42%, whereas adolescent girls who did not suffer from anemia experienced an increase to 35.4%. The result of this research concluded that iron supplementation among adolescent girl is the effectiveness of giving oral iron supplementation through “Gerakan Jumat Pintar” to hemoglobin that is increase 1.01 gr/dl.