Khumaida, Nurul
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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Perubahan Morfologi dan Pertumbuhan Handeuleum (Graptophyllum pictum L. Griff) akibat Iradiasi Sinar Gamma Rosmala, Arrin; Khumaida, Nurul; Sukma, Dewi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 43, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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ABSTRACTHandeuleum (Graptophyllum pictum L.Griff) is a medicinal plant widely used as a traditional medicine due to its benefecial content. Therefore, it should be developed as one of the leading Indonesian medicinal plants. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of gamma ray irradiation on morphological alteration and growth of Handeuleum accession from Bogor. The doses of gamma rays were 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, and 105 Gy. The results of the research showed that gamma-ray irradiation induced morphological changes and influences the growth of Handeuleum. Irradiation dose at rate of 105 Gy produced new leaf morphology in Handeuleum, namely cordate. Doses of 60, 75, 90, and 105 Gy produce stunted plants with stiff and yellowish-green leaves. The dose of 45 Gy produced relative green color index which was higher than the control plants.Keywords: handeuleum, gamma irradiations
Evaluasi Hasil dan Kandungan Pati Mutan Ubi Kayu Hasil Iradiasi Sinar Gamma Generasi M1V4 Subekti, Isnani; Khumaida, Nurul; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Syukur, dan Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 46, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Cassava is one of the important starch producer crops. Although Indonesia ranks as the third largest cassava producer country, Indonesia still imports cassava starch to meet the domestic demand in food and non-food industries. Gamma ray irradiation has been implemented to generate cassava mutants in order to support development of superior cassava variety, especially high yield and high starch content, especially high yield and high starch content. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the yield potential and the starch content of gamma irradiated 40 putative cassava mutants at M1V4 generation. This research was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications and conducted at Cikabayan Experimental Field, IPB, Bogor, from May 2016 to March 2017. The starch content was measured using gravimetric methods. The results showed that five mutants, G2142, G3151, G2141, G1143, and G3111, had higher tuber weight per plant (6-7 kg per plant) compared to the background ‘Gajah’ genotype (4.7 kg per plant). ‘G2112’ mutant genotype showed higher starch content (23.86%) compared to the background ‘Gajah’ genotype (17.65%). The specific gravity (SG) was positively correlated with starch content (r = 0.905), indicated that the higher the SG, the higher the starch content of cassava.Keywords: gravimetric, mutant, specific gravity (SG), yield
Karakterisasi Morfologi dan Sifat Kuantitatif Gandum (Triticum aestivum L.) di Dataran Menengah Widowati, Sartika; Khumaida, Nurul; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Trikoesoemaningtyas, dan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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ABSTRACTIndonesia is one of the largest wheat importers. Suitable environmental condition for wheat needs to be studied if wheat is going to be widely cultivated in Indonesia. The adaptability of wheat grown in various climates and altitudes is one of the important aspects. The objective of this experiment was to study the quantitative and morphological character of wheat grown in middle land (540 m asl) in Bogor, West Java. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Wheat genotypes used were three national varieties (Nias, Selayar, and Dewata), four new improved varieties (Guri 3 Agritan, Guri 4 Agritan, Guri 5 Agritan, and Guri 6 Unand), and one introduced genotype (SBD). Data were collected for several quantitative variables and seventeen morphological characters based on UPOV descriptor. The result showed that wheat growth was restricted in Bogor. Genotype determined plant height, leaf number, ear length, root length, number of spikelet, harvest time, seed weight, number of tillers, and plant biomass. Based on ear length, grain weight, and plant biomass, Guri 3 Agritan had the highest production than the other genotypes.Keywords: diversity, genetic relationship, high temperature, introduced genotype, phylogenetic
Toleransi Beberapa Genotipe Gandum (Triticum aestivum L.) Terhadap Kekeringan pada Stadia Perkecambahan Firdausya, Andina Fabrini; Khumaida, Nurul; Ardie, dan Sintho Wahyuning
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 44, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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ABSTRACTDrought is a major abiotic stress impeding wheat production world wide. Selection of potentially drought tolerant genotypes are necessary for wheat improvement. The objective of this study was to test the tolerance level of nine wheat genotypes to drought stress at germination stage. Assesment at germination stage using osmoticum solution is an effective method for selecting tolerant genotypes to drougt stress in a short period of time. The experiment was arranged on a randomized complete block design with two factors and three replications. The first factor was wheat genotype consisted of Nias, Selayar, Dewata, H-20, Munal, SBD, SBR, S-03, and YMH. The second factor was concentration of PEG 6000 consisted of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%. Observation variables were germination percentage, shoot length, root length, number of root, number of leaf, seedling fresh weight, and seedling dry weight. Increasing level of PEG concentration inhibited  the growth of wheat seedling. Based on the highes R2 value on the regression analysis, relative root length can be used as selection character. Based on RD50 value of relative root length, 15% PEG was determined concentration to select drought tolerant on wheat genotypes. Nias genotype was identified as tolerant genotype, while SBD, S-03, YMH, and Munal were identified as drought sensitive genotypes.Keywords: abiotic stress, osmotic potential, Polyethylene Glycol, RD50, relative root length
Keragaman Beberapa Aksesi Temu Hitam (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.) Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi Setiadi, Adi; Khumaida, Nurul; Wahyuning Ardie, dan Sintho
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 45, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. or black turmeric belongs to the family Zingiberaceae is one of the important medicinal plant that is widely distributed in Southeast Asia, including in Indonesia. This plant has been used by the people especially as raw material for medicine and cosmetics industries. However, the development of black turmeric is still constrained by the availability of germplasm collection and improved varieties. The objective of this study was to determine the vegetative morphological characters and phylogenetic relationship among 10 accessions of black turmeric and 3 accessions of genus Curcuma in Indonesia. Data was collected for 15 morphological quantitative characters of black turmeric at the Experimental Garden at Sukamantri IPB based on UPOV and PPVFRA descriptors. The result of principal component analysis has determined three principal components with the proportion of diversity 73.94%. Cluster analysis three clusters accession of black turmeric, namely cluster 1 consisted of accession Cianjur, Malang, Rimbo, and Kendal; cluster 2 consisted of accession Bogor, turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), java turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.), Liwa, Natar, white turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe.); cluster 3 consisted of accession Cirebon, Kuningan 1, and Kuningan 2. Keywords: cluster, component analysis, germplasm, medicinal plant, phylogenetic