Saleh, Ariyanti
Universitas Airlangga

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Efektifitas Metode Pembelajaran Klinik Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dan Kepercayaan Diri Mahasiswa Keperawatan : A Literature Review

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Vol 3, No 2 (2018): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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Abstract

Background : Critical thinking of nursing students have to be increased considering the importance of these things in making decisions, problem solving and clinical judgment and supported by self confidence. Although critical thinking and self confidence are important, but all of students are not able to do that. For this reason, clinical instructor have to make innovation through learning methods to achieve this. The purpose of this literature review is to identify the clinical learning method affecting the critical thinking and self confidence of nursing students.Method:   the data base used in making this review of literature are Pubmed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar published in 2007-2018. Result:  From the 12 articles used in this literature review, it was found that in order to improve the critical thinking and self confidence of nursing students in a clinical environment, the clinical supervisor can use student-centered learning methods and can even involve patients. The learning methods include simulation, nursing round method, demonstration models, clinical conference, and concept mappimg.Conclusion :   the learning method affected the critical thinking and self confidence of nursing students including clinical conference, simulations, demonstration models, concept mapping and nursing rounds. Therefore the supervisor must be able to know and choose what method is appropriate for clinical guidance.  

Pendekatan Modelling Keperawatan Anak Terhadap Pengetahuan, Kemampuan Praktik dan Percaya Diri Ibu dalam Menstimulasi Tumbuh Kembang Bayi 0–6 Bulan

Jurnal Ners Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Vol 6 No. 2 Oktober 2011
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction: The first five years of age of a child is a critical time that will affect the child growth development process. Any untreated disorders may impair the process that subsequently influences quality of life of the child in the future. Therefore, it is imperative for a mother to optimize the growth development process. This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of health education with modelling approach on mothers knowledge, practice ability and maternal confidence of infant (0-6 months) growth and development. Method: A quasy eksperimental pre-post with control group design was used. The intervention given was health education with modelling approach related to lactation management and infant growth development stimulation. The research was conducted in Maros Regency wiht 81 samples (41 in the treatment group and 40 in the control group). Result: The wilcoxon test reveals that there was a signi fi cant difference between treatment and control group, accordingly, knowledge (p = 0.00, p = 0.01), practice ability (p = 0.00, p = 0,006) and maternal confidence (p = 0.03, p = 0.03). In addition, from mann whitney test, between the two group, the data obtained are: knowledge (p = 0,950), practice ability (p = 0.00) and maternal con fi dence (p = 0,061). Discussion: Health education with modelling approach conducting by nurse was effective in increasing knowledge, practice ability, maternal confidence breastfeeding and baby stimulation, which was in turn can optimize baby growth and development. That is why, community health nurses role should be increase by making community health nursing program as one of primary public health centre program.

The Influence of Supervision on the Performance of Associate Nurse in Hospitals : a Literature Review

Journal Of Nursing Practice Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Journal Of Nursing Practice
Publisher : STIKes Surya Mitra Husada

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Background: Various efforts are made to maintain and improve the quality of nursing services, one of which is to carry out nursing care according to the standards of nursing practice safely, effectively and ethically. To maintain quality, it is necessary to control nursing care in a directed and planned manner. One of the controls in nursing management is supervision. Purpose: The purpose of this literature study is to identify the effectiveness of the implementation of supervision on the performance of implementing nurses in hospitals. Methods: Database searches used in this literature review are Pubmed, Science Direct and Google Scholar published in 2007-2018. Results: From the six articles used, it was found that supervision had an impact on improving nurses' performance in the form of actions and behaviors that could be measured to maintain and improve the quality of health services for both sick and healthy patients. Other impacts among them commitment, employee attachment, competence and individual quality as well as improving service qualityto them after completing the credentialing process as stated in the Nurse Clinical Assignment Letter. Conclusion: Implementation of supervision motivates nurses to be more attached to work, and has better performance opportunities

Gambaran Pelaksanaan Diskusi Refleksi Kasus (DRK) Dalam Mendukung Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Profesionalitas Perawat

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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Abstract

Review Article DESCRIPTION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION REFLECTIVE CASE   DISCUSSION (DRK) IN SUPPORTING KNOWLEDGE AND NURSE PROFESSIONALITY  AbstractBackground:Reflective case discussion (DRK) is part of performance management development (PMK). The PMK component consists of standart, job description, performance indicator, monitoring system and DRK. DRK management is carried out in Hospital and health center. The development of this method must be continuously carried out as an effort to increased knowledge and professional nurses. The purpose of literature is to identify the description implementation of DRK in supporting improvement of the knowledge and professional nurse. Method: the database used in the literature making is Pubmed, Science Direct, Proquest and Wiley Online.    Result: there were 12 articles, but that met the inclusion criteria were 5 articles, result article show the benefit of DRK supporting increase knowledge and professional nurse. Discussion: the implementation of DRK a important, this method provides many benefits for nurses and has a direct impact of the health services , the development method in the future requires involvement of all parties and stakeholders support. Conclusion:the implementation of DRK in hospital useful to improve the professional of nurses, increase knowledge and confidence so it is important. Keywords: Reflective case discussion, knowledge and professional 

Studi Literature: Analisis Faktor Yang Berhubungan Supervisi Kepala Ruangan Dengan Tingkat Kepatuhan Perawat Di Rumah Sakit

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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ABSTRACT Background: Supervision is a part of the direction function that has a role in maintaining so that all programmed activities can be carried out properly and smoothly. The task of the leader or head of the room is to carry out supervision at the hospital. One of the objectives of supervision is to improve the compliance of implementing nurses as a strategy to achieve quality hospital services. Implementation of supervision is certainly influenced by several factors in its implementation.   Methods: The database used in this literature study is PubMED, based on Mendeley.com, and Google Scholar.       Results: There are 14 articles identified from 2010-2018. Of the 14 articles, 12 articles met the inclusion criteria. The results showed that the factors associated with the supervision of the head of the room with the level of nurse compliance in the hospital is influenced by internal and external factors, internal factors are knowledge, motivation both from the head of the room and nurses while external factors are external support from the organization, system, facilities and infrastructure.    Conclusion: The implementation of supervision that runs optimally is certainly influenced by internal and external factors. Therefore, by knowing the factors that influence the implementation of supervision can run optimally, it is necessary for the head of the room and the nurse to increase knowledge and ability, increase motivation. In addition, the management must also provide support as an external factor in achieving the implementation of supervision

Gambaran Quality of Work life Perawat di Rumah Sakit Tipe B

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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Abstract

Background. Quality Of Work Life (QWL) is a process in which employees and stakeholders work to improve the quality of life of employees and organizational performance simultaneously. Nurses are one of the service personnel who have greater and longer interactions with patients. QWL is a degree of fulfillment of human needs in the work environment. If human needs have reached, it can increase productivity. This gives an understanding that QWL is the main problem that gives attention to the organization because it allows to increase the participation of members in the organization.Aim. To determine the QWL level of nurses and predictable factors affecting QWL nurses in hospitals.Method. The study uses a cross-sectional approach. The population came from type B hospitals in Makassar, Indonesia with a sample that was meaningful for more than 1 year and respondents obtained 287 nurses. Data were collected by questionnaire and test which was a linear regression with a significance value of 0.001.Results. The results of QWL nurses are at the moderate level and also in each of the QWL dimensions. The best predictors of QWL nurses working in type B hospitals were marital status (b = -0.199) which was able to have an impact on QNWL of 55%.Conclusion. Dimensions and overall QWL nurses are at a moderate level. QWL is important to identify capacity in meeting the needs of both the community and the workplace.

Stres Kerja Pada Perawat di Ruang Perawatan Pediatrik

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Vol 3, No 2 (2018): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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Abstract

 Background: Stress is one of the problems in the nursing profession. The incidence of stress in nurses is quite high due to various factors. Pediatric nursing is a specialization unit that focuses on stress. Stress on nurses in addition to health, also affects freedom to stop work and turnover, patient care becomes ineffective, indifference to patients and colleagues and medical errors. The purpose of this literature is to discuss stress, stressors, and stress that can be used to treat stress. Methods: search for scientific articles using a database including, Pubmed, Google Scholar, Science Direct and searches in 2009-2018 with keywords "stress nurses", child nurses "" child nurses "," stress "and" stress management "Get 15 fulltext articles. Results: Child nurses who use stress by working in special units and some stress management that can be used to overcome stress experienced by nurses. Conclusion: Some literature has said that pediatric nurses discuss stress caused by various factors. Therefore, stress management is needed that can be used to reduce stress in patients.Keywords: stress nurses, pediatric nurses, and stress management

Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kesiapan Perawat Dalam Melaksanakan Evidence-Based Practice (EBP): A Literature Review

Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 10, No 1 (2019): JANUARI
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

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Abstract

Evidenced-based Practice (EBP) functions integrally in health services as an ideal problem-solving approach and it emphasizes on the application of the best research in making health care decisions. The ability of nurses to conduct EBP is strongly influenced by several factors. The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the readiness of nurses in the implementation of EBP. This study was a literature review using several articles related to the theme which taken from the database of electronic publications such as Pubmed, SAGE Journal, ProQuest, and Science Direct. The results of this study showed that there were 12 journals that meet with the the inclusion criteria. There were six journals described that attitudes and beliefs, knowledge and skills, workplace cultures, information needs, education levels, work experiences, and ages are the things that can determine the readiness of nurses in the application of EBP. Furthermore, five different journals showed that the challenges in the EBP implementation are workplace cultures and organizations, lack of human resources, lack of time, lack of internet access, lack of knowledge and skills and workload. Moreover, one journal concluded that the need for training and guidance for nurses to improve their knowledge and skills about EBP. In conclusion, knowledge and skills, attitudes and beliefs regarding EBP are the most important factors for nurses in implementing EBP. However, the main inhibitory factors of the EBP implementation are workplace cultures and organizations that are resistant to change.

Intervensi perawatan spiritual bagi pasien kanker: Tinjauan sistematis

Nurscope : Jurnal Penelitian dan Pemikiran Ilmiah Keperawatan Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang

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Abstract

Pendahuluan: Tujuan tinjauan sistematis ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang intervensi perawatan spiritual. Metode: Pencarian database pada  Pubmed, Science Direct, dan Google Scholar. Kata kunci yaitu ”Spiritual needs” AND”Spiritual care” AND”Spiritual care interventions” AND”Cancer patients”. Filter 5 tahun terakhir dan full text.Hasil: Delapan (n=8) dari 1.085 artikel ditemukan membahas tentang intervensi perawatan spiritual berupa terapi musik; program perawatan spiritual; perawatan spiritual berdasarkan prinsip ajaran Buddha; konseling spiritual; dan intervensi berbasis spiritual Islam. Efektifitas penerapan intervensi perawatan spiritual meningkatkan pandangan tentang akhir kehidupan, menurunkan tingkat rasa sakit, kekahwatiran, tingkat depresi, kecemasan, stres, dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan spiritual dan relaksasi pasien. Dimensi agama dan dimensi eksistensial mengalami peningkatan nilai yang signifikan. Kesimpulan: Intervensi perawatan spiritual meningkatkan kesejahteraan spiritual sehingga pasien memiliki penguatan diri dan semangat hidup untuk menjalani penyakitnya.

Gambaran Perilaku Etik Perawat Berdasarkan Penjabaran Kode Etik Keperawatan

Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

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 Background. It is very important for nurses to carry out nursing care actions professionally by adhering to ethical principles. One way of ethical principles that must be adhered to by professional nurses is to refer to the elaboration of the code of ethics as a standard of service. Nursing codes of ethics are valid and useful decision-making tools for nurses in dealing with ethical problems in daily clinical practice. The aim of the literature study is to identify effective ethical behavior through the nursing code of ethics.Method: The data base used in making review literature is Pubmed, Google Scholar, wiley online library and Science Direct. there are 6 articles that meet the criteria. Results: Of the 6 articles used as a literature review, it was found that to support the ethical behavior of nurses according to the code of ethics in supporting nursing care for patients and collaboration between health teams, it was necessary to consider supporting factors and useful inhibiting factors to behave ethically. These factors are knowledge and perception and compliance with the application of ethics by nurses.Conclusion: nurses must have ethical competencies and skills to engage with the people they serve with sincerity, principled courage and compassion.