Arofiati, Fitri
Program Studi Magister Keperawatan, Program Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Dukungan Sosial pada Pasien Post Total Knee Replacement : Literature Riview Widiastuti, Agung; Arofiati, Fitri
Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.431 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jkm.v4i2.2624

Abstract

Background: Ostheoatritis disease become triggers to do Total Knee Replacement (TKR). Patients TKR will experience pain, physical limitations and muscle stiffness that causes a quite long recovery. The effects  quite  long recovery can influence quality of life. It can be measured using WOMAC scale (The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index). Objective: Knowing the influence of social support on post-operation TKR patient recovery. Method: Searching relevant for data base literature sources using Ebsco, Pubmed, Sciencedirect, and Google Scholar search engine using Keywords: Social Support, Level Independence, Quality Of Life, Total Knee Replacement, from the searching Appropriate results with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, that can be eight articles include literature review where the article is taken to pressure quality of  life which uses the WOMAC scale. Result : There are seven of Eight articles state social support can influence the quality of life to TKR  recovery and one study haven’t Influence, because age, complication, and don’t live with family. Conclusion: Social support proven to influence health status and quality of life in TKR patients recovery.
Efektifitas Penggunaan Cold Pack dibandingkan Relaksasi Nafas Dalam untuk Mengatasi Nyeri Pasca Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) Kristanto, Agung; Arofiati, Fitri
IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal Of Nursing Practices
Publisher : IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.685 KB)

Abstract

 Background: Pain is the main problem of patients post surgery. The reguler pain management are use pharmacological and non pharmacological therapy. One of the variety of non pharmacology therapy is cold compression, which is an innovation of cold pack. Aim of Research The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cold compress cold pack with deep breathing relaxation in reducing pain for patients with post ORIF (Open Reduction Internal Fixation). Research Methods: This study design was Quasi-Experiments pre-Test Post-Test With Control Group. There were patients post ORIF in the third class ward dr Soeradji Tirtonegoro Klaten consisting of 15 patients in the intervention cold compress with cold pack and 15 patients the control group in the deep breathing relaxation as respondents. The treatment was done 4 times post analgetic I and post analgetic II. Pain level was measured by VAS pain scale and conducted in  2 times the first after  analgesic 1, second measurement  after analgesic 2. The statistical test for analysis data used independent test t-test and paired t- test.Result: The results of independent t-test before the intervention is relatively the same. Meanwhile, after intervention the level of pain from intervention group which was cold pack decreased 3 (three) point and from control group (deep breathing relaxation) decreased 1 (one) point. The statictical analysis measurement showed that p value was 0,00.Conclusion: It is proved that the intervention  of cold pack has more effective than deep breathing relaxation. Suggestion: Used cold pack further enhanced as one implementation of independent nursing, but still pays attention to changes in the patients physical condition.
Pengaruh Supportive-Educative System terhadap Kualitas Hidup pada Pasien Gagal Jantung Purnamawati, Ditha Astuti; Arofiati, Fitri; Relawati, Ambar
Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 18 No 2: July 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (430.282 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/mm.180213

Abstract

Gagal jantung adalah fase kronis yang menyebabkan kerusakan fungsional jantung akibat banyaknya gejala yang terjadi, sehingga akan berdampak pada kuali-tas hidup. Gagal jantung memerlukan penatalaksanaan yang tepat dan diharapkan dapat mencegah perburukan penyakit. Intervensi yang diberikan dapat berupa tera-pi farmakologi dan non farmakologi, diantaranya supportive-educative system. Sistem ini membantu pasien memperoleh informasi kesehatan, serta dalam pengambilan keputusan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh supportive-educative system terhadap kualitas hidup pasien gagal jantung. Penelitian ini merupa-kan penelitian kualitatif dengan metode quasi eksperiment. Rancangan penelitian yang adalah  pre-posttest with control group. Sebanyak 34 pasien gagal jantung dipilih dengan teknik non probability sampling, dibagi menjadi dua kelompok secara acak, kelompok intervensi diberikan supportive-educative system, kelompok kontrol diberi-kan program discharge planning yang ada di ruangan, minggu pertama intervensi (pre-test) untuk mendapatkan data kualitas hidup, minggu kedua dan ketiga observasi apakah responden melakukan kegiatan yang sudah diajarkan, minggu terakhir evaluasi (post-test) kualitas hidup setelah intervensi. Diuji menggunakan Wilcoxon test (data berdistribusi tidak normal) dan Paired Samples Test (data berdistribusi normal). Hasil uji beda menunjukkan kelompok intervensi lebih berpengaruh dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol dengan ρ value sebesar 0,000. Terdapat pengaruh pem-berian supportive-educative system terhadap kualitas hidup, kualitas hidup pada kelompok intervensi lebih baik daripada kelompok kontrol.
PERCEPTIONS OF INDONESIAN PRACTICAL NURSES TOWARDS UPDATING CAPABILITY TO PROVIDE CARE: A QUALITATIVE STUDY Arofiati, Fitri; Nuntaboot, Khanitta
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2017): January-February 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.949 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.37

Abstract

Background: Capability to provide care can be recognized as the combination of nursing knowledge, skills, and attitude of care which is dynamic.Objective: This study aims to explore the perceptions of practical nurses towards updating capability to provide care.Methods: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the deep understanding of practical nurses towards updating capability to provide care. Data were gathered using in-depth interview with 25 practical nurses from different areas of practices, three times focus group discussion (FGD) and participant-observation. Qualitative content analysis model was applied to anaylze the data.Result: There were two themes emerged  from data: 1) Internal perceptions of updating capacity to provide care, with three subthemes: Having great expectation, Being confidence as a professional nurse, and Developing Self-Initiation, 2) External contexts driving perception of practicing nurses, with two subthemes: Giving best care and  Acquiring requirement.Conclusions: The findings indicated that updating capacity to provide care supports practical nurses to provide better nursing services to patients and meet the regulation of nursing professionalism.
AKTIFITAS FISIK UNTUK MENURUNKAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI : LITERATURE REVIEW Aziz, Abdul; Arofiati, Fitri
Jurnal Kesehatan Karya Husada Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Karya Husada
Publisher : LPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Karya Husada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.453 KB)

Abstract

Hipertensi merupakan sindrom multifaktorial dan multicausal yang ditandai oleh tekanandarah tinggi (≥140 / 90 mmHg), biasanya berhubungan dengan gangguan metabolik, hormonal,serta struktural, dan merupakan risiko utama untuk penyakit koroner. Hipertensi banyakdikaitkan dengan penyakit jantung dan pembuluh darah yang menyebabkan kesaitan dankematian yang utama di seluruh dunia dan berdampak pada biaya pengobatan dan biaya sosialyang tinggi. Seperempat populasi orang dewasa didunia diperkirakan memiliki hipertensi,dengan jumlah hampir satu miliar, dan dengan prevalensi hipertensi di seluruh dunia yangdiproyeksikan meningkat 60% pada tahun 2025.Pencegahan utama hipertensi telah menjaditantangan kesehatan masyarakat global, pedoman penatalaksanaan hipertensi saat inimerekomendasikan peningkatan aktivitas fisik sebagai sarana untuk mencegahhipertensi.Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui aspek aktifitas fisik yang berpengaruh terhadappenurunan tekanan darah pada hipertensi.Pada penelitian literature review ini, original jurnalyang meneliti pengaruh aktifitas fisik terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada hipertensiditelusuri secara online melalui Pubmed (http: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih), dan E-ResourcePerpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (http://e-resources.perpusnas.go.id/).Dua puluh enam jurnal terpilih yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi direview. Latihan aerobikintensitas sedang secara teratur dengan durasi minimal 30 menit perhari, minimal 3 kaliperminggu efektif menurunkan tekanan darah pada hipertensi. Latihan jenis inidirekomendasikan menjadi terapi gaya hidup untuk pengendalian tekanan darah bagi penderitahipertensi.
Kebutuhan Keluarga Pasien yang Dirawat di Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Literature Review Rusdianti, Alfi; Arofiati, Fitri
2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): FEBRUARI 2019
Publisher : WAHANA RISET KESEHATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/2trik9101

Abstract

Intensive care unit (ICU) is in principle not designed to accept the presence of a patient's visitor or family for a long time. One of the effects that arises is an increase in the patient's family anxiety. In general, nurses do not consider the patient's family as part of his holistic care. So, it takes the role of nurses to identify the patient's family needs, in order to realize holistic care. This review aims to identify the family needs of patients treated in the intensive care unit. Literature is obtained from the Ebsco database, ProQuest and Science Direct, using keywords: family needs, nursing strategy and intensive care unit. From 7 literature sources obtained about what is needed by the patient's family. This review produced 5 themes, namely family needs for information, closeness, support, involvement, and knowing the care received by patients. This review only focuses on the patient's family needs in general. The family is part of the patient. Identified family needs, namely information needs, closeness, support, involvement and knowledge of care received by patients. The participation of health workers is needed in identifying and encouraging the fulfillment of family needs. Keyword: family needs, nursing strategies, intensive care unit