Noprianty, Richa
Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

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GAMBARAN PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN KEBERSIHAN TANGAN OLEH PETUGAS KESEHATAN DI RUMAH SAKIT DUSTIRA CIMAHI Ningsih, Shely Silfia Ratna; Noprianty, Richa; Somantri, Irman
JURNAL PENDIDIKAN KEPERAWATAN INDONESIA Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Vol 3, No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7486

Abstract

ABSTRAKKeselamatan pasien merupakan variabel untuk mengukur dan mengevaluasi kualitas pelayanan keperawatan. Salah satu upaya yang dilakukan adalah mencegah infeksi rumah sakit dengan menjaga kebersihan tangan dengan teknik enam langkah dan lima momen di rawat inap. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran pelaksanaan kebersihan tangan oleh petugas kesehatan di Ruang Rawat Inap Penyakit Dalam Pria Rumah Sakit Dustira Cimahi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif eksploratif dengan metode observasional. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 288 kali pengamatan kegiatan oleh petugas kesehatan (dokter, perawat dan mahasiswa praktek) yang terbagi pada shift pagi dan shift sore dengan 84 pengamatan, dan shift malam berjumlah 120 kali pengamatan. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan lembar observasi dengan menggunakan work sampling. Hasil menggambarkan bahwa : 1) sebelum kontak dengan pasien sebagian besar hand hygiene tidak dilakukan oleh mahasiswa yaitu sebesar 89,8 % pada shift malam, 2) sebelum tindakan terhadap pasien sebagian besar hand hygiene tidak dilakukan oleh mahasiswa sebanyak 89,8% pada shift malam, 3) sesudah kontak dengan pasien sebagian besar kegiatan hand hygiene dilakukan tidak sempurna oleh dokter sebanyak 75% pada shift sore, 4) sesudah kontak dengan cairan tubuh pasien sebagian besar hand hygiene dilakukan tidak sempurna oleh mahasiswa sebanyak 82,4% pada shift pagi, dan 5) sesudah kontak dengan lingkungan pasien sebagian besar hand hygiene dilakukan tidak sempurna oleh dokter sebanyak 75% pada shift sore. Berdasarkan hasil observasi, ketidak patuhan pelaksanaan kegiatan kebersihan tangan disebabkan karena media yang digunakan kurang memadai seperti campuran air pada sabun yang terlalu banyak, tisu yang jarang tersedia, antiseptik berbasis alkohol murni sehingga menimbulkan bau yang menyengat dan terasa panas ditangan serta lengket. Disarankan bagi pihak rumah sakit untuk memperhatikan kembali sarana dan prasarana untuk menunjang kebersihan tangan dan bagi petugas kesehatan disarankan untuk membaca kembali standar operasional prosedur (SOP) dari setiap tindakan yang akan dilakukan, karena setiap tindakan yang dilakukan ada SOP untuk mencuci tangan. ABSTRACTPatient safety is a variable for measuring and evaluating the quality of nursing services. One of the effort that should be done is to prevent hospital infections with hand hygiene using six-step hand hygiene technique and five moments at the hospitalization rooms. This study aims to describe the implementation of hand hygiene practice by healthcare provider in patient safety activities atmale medical ward on Dustira Cimahi Hospital. The study was a descriptive exploratory with the observational method. The research sample numbering 288 times observation activities from health workers (doctors, nurses, and students college) that divided on the morning shift totaling 84 observation activities, totaling 84 observations afternoon shift and night shift activities amounted to 120 times the observation activities. The instrument of this study using observation tool which contains a table check list on the implementation of hand hygiene by using work sampling.The overall results describe that: 1) not doing hand hygiene activities before making contact with the patient, were 89,8% for college students at the night shift, 2) before taking action at the patient most of the hand hygiene activities were not done 89,8% for college students in night shift, 3) after making contact with the patient, most of the hand hygiene activities were not perfect carried out, 75% for doctors in the afternoon shift, 4) after making contact with patients body fluids most of the hand hygiene activities were not done 82,4% for the college students in the morning shift, and 5) after making contact with the patients environment most of the hand hygiene activities were not perfect carried out, 75% for doctors in the afternoon shift. Based on the observation, disobedience on implementation of hand hygiene due to insufficient media used liketoo much water in the mixture of water and soap, tissue is rarely available, pure alcohol-based hand rub is causing bad smell, hot at the skin and sticky hands. It is advised for the hospital to pay attention at infrastructure that support hand hygiene, and for health workers is advised to re-read the standard operating procedures (SOP) on any action to be performed, for every action there is SOP towash the hand. 
Perilaku Caring Perawat Berdasarkan Teori Jean Watson di Ruang Rawat Inap Firmansyah, Cecep Solehudin; Noprianty, Richa; Karana, Indra
Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.362 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkesvo.40957

Abstract

Background: Caring is a nurse's concern to clients was form of attention, appreciation and able was meet their needs. Phenomenon who had four out of five clients interviewed mentioned nurses less caring for clients. Objective: Less caring her nurses marked with less caring nurses to clients, so clients complain that the nurses in the room less attention to the convenience of clients.Methods: The type was of quantitative research with descriptive survey approach. The sample used was inpatient minimum patient duration of 3 days with total sampling technique was is 142 people. Data collection of primary data with research instrument that is questionnaire Behaviors Assessment Caring was of ten carative factor Jean Watson. Data analysis is frequency distribution.Results: Result of research on caring behavior of nurse 52,1% that was enough, fulfillment of human need 73,2%, Altruistic Humanistic Value System 43,7%, Confidence and expectation of client 47,9%, Sensitivity to self and others 50,0% , Relationship helps confidence 48,6%, recipient of positive and negative expression 51,4%, Problem solving method 47,2%, Interpersonal teaching process 45,1%, Psychological environment 60,6% sufficient nurse caring behavior and phenomenological existential power client assess 44,4% caring behavior of nurse that is good.Conclusion: It is concluded that the client assess the caring behavior of the nurses have enough category, therefore therefore for the hospital can evaluate about caring conducted by nurses in RSAU DR. M. Salamun Bandung.
Pendapat Mahasiswa terhadap Implementasi PBL pada Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi Program Studi S1 Keperawatan Noprianty, Richa
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.554 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25319

Abstract

Background: New paradigm in health profession education caused exchange of medical education curriculum from conventional to Competency Based Curriculum (CBC). One teaching methode of competence-based curriculum implementation is Problem Based Learning (PBL). PBL was impemented in Bachelor of Nursing Programme STIKes Dharma Husada Bandung since 2010. This research aim was to analyse students opinion about the implementation of Problem Based Learning (PBL) for Bachelor phase of Nursing Programme in STIKes Dharma Husada Bandung.Method: This research was cross sectional study using questionnaires to students of level 2 and 3 Bachelor of Nursing. Total 114 students out of a population of 160 students (with stratified random sampling) involved in this study. Results: This study showed that most students (85.1%) gave positive opinion on PBL if socialized in the beginning of learning process. Scenario has stimulated the students as much as 71.1%, and the role of moderator and secretary duties as much as 77.2%, while skills lab instructors imprecise 50% weighting in accordance with the duties of assessment, there are 41.2% who disagree and knowledge becomes widely agreed as much as 77.2% of studentsConclusion: Most of the students gave positive opinion on PBL socialization in the beginning of the learning process. About 50% students felt skills lab instructor usually hard to be on-time and the literatures provided were not sufficient.
TIME LEARNING MANAGEMENT NURSING STUDENTS USING TIME MANAGEMENT QUESTIONNAIRE (TMQ) IN IMPLEMENTING PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) METHODS Noprianty, Richa
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 8, No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.496 KB)

Abstract

Background: The paradigm shift of learning method centered on the students has been applied to several universities, one of them by using Problem Based Learning (PBL) method. The importance of good time management will produce readiness to face the PBL process because in the PBL process using self directed learning where a student is required to be able to manage the time independently. The purpose of this study is to know the time management of nursing students by using Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ) in implementing Problem Based Learning (PBL) method in STIKes Dharma Husada Bandung.Method : The type of research is quantitative with the model of analytic design and cross sectional approach. The sample of research is student of class of 2014 and 2015 of Nursing Study Program of 169 students. The research instrument with Time Management Questionnare (TMQ) developed by Briton & Tesser (1991) has been tested its validity and reliability with Alpha Cronbach 0,800 by Allay & Kocak (2002). The questionnaire consists of short-term planning, attitude toward time and long-term planning.Result : Most respondents have good time management that is 53.3%. For short-term planning most have good time management of 58.6% with the highest mean of 4.25 on "Put the  priority first" points, the attitude towards time mostly has good time management of 61.5% with the highest mean of 4.10 at the point of "responsible for time for yourself", and long-term planning mostly has a good time management of 50.9% with the highest mean of 3.64 on points "if having a job, preferring installments in the task".Conclusion: There needs to be a re-review of the implementation of PBL method, especially on the weighting of self or group tasks so that students can make long-term planning that can review the learning process.  
Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Kompetensi Berdasarkan Jenjang Karir Profesional Perawat Noprianty, Richa; Kusumah, Nugraha Adi Ramdani; Laelasari, Laelasari
Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Mei
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (766.159 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkesvo.44840

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Rumah sakit di Indonesia sudah mengembangkan jenjang karir sesuai dengan kebutuhannya masing-masing, meskipun belum mengarah pada pengembangan jenjang karir profesional. Jenjang karir digunakan untuk penempatan perawat pada jenjang yang sesuai dengan keahliannya, serta menyediakan kesempatan yang lebih baik sesuai dengan kemampuan dan potensi perawat.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui evaluasi pelaksanaan kompetensi berdasarkan jenjang karir profesional perawat.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini yaitu deskriptif observasional dengan pendekatan survey. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 43 perawat pelaksana, dengan metode total sampling. Intrumen dalam penelitian ini menggunakan format panduan jenjang karir perawat yang dibuat oleh rumah sakit. Analisa data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan distribusi frekuensi.Hasil: Hasil dalam penelitian ini menunjukan pelaksanaan jenjang karir oleh PK I (56.3%) sesuai, perawat klinis II (50.0%) sesuai, dan perawat klinis III (66.7%) sesuai.Kesimpulan: Pelaksanaan kompetensi berdasarkan jenjang karir profesional perawat dalam kategori sesuai sebesar 58.1%. Masih banyak perawat yang masuk dalam kategori tidak sesuai, dikarenakan masih banyak juga perawat yang mengerjakan diluar kewenangan, PK I mengerjakan PK II dan PK III, begitupun sebaliknya. Hal ini dikarenakan pada saat dinas, pemerataan PK tidak merata. Oleh karena itu, perlu adanya tinjauan ulang dalam segi sumber daya manusia perawat yang sudah memiliki jenjang karir, agar pemerataan jenjang karir yang baik di setiap ruangan.