Machfud, Machfud
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Published : 2 Documents
Articles

Found 2 Documents
Search

PENGENDALIAN PERSEDIAAN BAHAN BAKU BASE MATERIAL PADA INDUSTRI KERAMIK DI PT. XYZ Susanti, Lidya; Machfud, Machfud; Hasbullah, Rokhani
Jurnal Aplikasi Bisnis dan Manajemen (JABM) Vol 1, No 2 (2015): JABM Vol. 1 No. 2 Desember 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (955.496 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jabm.1.2.108

Abstract

Inventory of raw materials in the company is very important, so it has to be controlled. A good inventory control of raw materials should be supported with cost efficiency. This study was to analyze factors that cause the base material inventories excess at PT. XYZ and analyze the purpose of the base material inventories to be controlled. The reseacrh was using a fish bone method and continue with using pairwise comparison method assisted with the expert choice 2000 software. The classification result based on ABC analysis, the selected item that was going to be analyzed was the A category items.The items that are included in the A category are clay ex belitung jw, clay ja 1/ja b and sodium feldspar. The EOQ equations model was used to answer the purpose of the base material inventories control. Based from the EOQ model, the needed quantity, order quantity, order frequency, reorder point (ROP), total order cost (TOC), total carrying cost (TCC), and total inventory cost (TIC) could be obtained. The comparison of the total cost of inventory among the EOQ model and company policies showed that the EOQ model in seven months can save up to Rp311.612.769. PT. XYZ could minimize the base material inventory costs by calculating the costs incurred. The EOQ model could be implemented if all of the departments involved are well cooperated. PT. XYZ should also be able to make inventory control standards which are quantity order, order frequency, and reorder point. Keywords: Cost, EOQ, frequency, inventory, ROPABSTRAKPersediaan bahan baku pada perusahaan sangatlah penting, sehingga harus dapat dikendalikan. Pengendalian persediaan bahan baku yang baik harus didukung dengan efisiensi biaya. Penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan kondisi persediaan bahan baku base material berlebih di PT. XYZ dan menganalisis persediaan bahan baku base material agar dapat dikendalikan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode fish bone dilanjutkan dengan metode pairwise comparison dengan dibantu software expert choice 2000. Hasil pengklasifikasian berdasarkan analisis ABC item yang akan di analisis yaitu item yang termasuk klasifikasi A. Item yang termasuk klasifikasi A yaitu clay ex belitung jw, clay ja 1/ja b dan sodium feldspar. Persamaan-persamaan model Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) digunakan untuk menjawab tujuan dari pengendalian persediaan bahan baku base material. Pada model EOQ didapatkan jumlah kebutuhan, banyaknya jumlah setiap pemesanan, frekuensi pemesanan, titik pemesanan ulang (ROP), total biaya pesan (TOC), total biaya simpan (TCC) dan total biaya persediaan (TIC). Hasil perbandingan total biaya persediaan antara model EOQ dan kebijakan perusahaan didapatkan hasil bahwa dengan menggunakan model EOQ dalam tujuh bulan dapat menghemat Rp311.612.769. PT. XYZ dapat meminimalkan biaya persediaan bahan baku base material dengan melakukan perhitungan biaya-biaya yang ditimbulkan. Model EOQ dapat dijalankan ketika semua Departemen yang terlibat dapat bekerjasama dengan baik. PT. XYZ pun harus dapat membuat standar pengendalian persediaan yaitu jumlah setiap kali pemesanan, frekuensi pemesanan, titik pemesanan ulang. Kata kunci: Biaya, EOQ, frekuensi, persediaan, ROP
Kinerja Manajemen Rantai Pasok dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Metode Supply Chain Operation Reference (SCOR) Rakhman, Arief; Machfud, Machfud; Arkeman, Yandra
Jurnal Aplikasi Bisnis dan Manajemen (JABM) Vol 4, No 1 (2018): JABM Vol. 4 No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2033.061 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jabm.4.1.106

Abstract

Business competition in the automotive world is increasingly hypercompetitive. According to the Motor Vehicle Industry Association, annual purchase of motor vehicles has increased the share of automotive business. However, this increasingly open business condition has not been followed by positive impacts on the corporate profits of PT. XYZ in a span of 5 years. This study measured the performance of the supply chain in PT. XYZ using SCOR model approach. The weighting was calculated using fuzzy AHP and performance assessment matrix. The improved supply chain performance was formulated with the method of Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The measurement results show that the performance of supply chain in PT. XYZ is in the Good category (76%), the effectiveness performance with a value of 85% is in Good category while the efficiency performance is in Average category (68%). Supply chain improvement strategy was formulated with 3 tools: campaign quality, shop floor management, and cost control.Keywords: performance appraisal, SCOR, FGD, Fuzzy AHP