Hartoyo, Hartoyo
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University

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Economic Pressure, Livelihood Strategy, and Family Well-being in Cimanuk Watershed, Garut and Indramayu, West Java, Indonesia Sabania, Hamira; Hartoyo, Hartoyo
Journal of Family Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Journal of Family Sciences
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jfs.1.1.24-38

Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyze economic pressure, livelihood strategy, and well-being of families in Cimanuk Watershed. This study used a cross-sectional study design. As many as 72 samples of lower middle class families (determined by Poverty Line of BPS 2013) who have toddler and school age children were chosen puposively. This study was conducted in Garut District and Indramayu District. The results showed that inspite of being in poverty, only one out of three families felt highly economic pressure, and one out of ten families perceived poorly well-being. Family economic pressure was affected by the region difference, education level of father, and ownership of financial capital. Meanwhile, family well-being was affected by the education level of the father, financial capital, social capital, access to the environment, economic pressure, and livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification is the strategy that most poor families did in Cimanuk Watershed. Livelihood diversification of families was affected by the age of the wife, expenditure per capita, social capital, and access to the environment.
The Influence of Cultural Values and Value of Children on Mothers Time Allocation at Cimanuk Watershed Families Larasati, Dwi Ajeng; Hartoyo, Hartoyo
Journal of Family Sciences Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Journal of Family Sciences
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jfs.1.2.13-24

Abstract

The purpose of this research were to describe the cultural values, the value of children and mothers time allocation for children at Cimanuk watershed and to analyze the effect of family characteristic, cultural values, and value of children toward time allocation of mothers to children at Sundanese and Javanese. This research involved 200 families who have children below five years old selected with purposive method. The samples were interviewed by using structure questionnaire. The result of this research showed that there was no significant different on the perception of the value of children between Sundanese and Javanese families. Regression analysis showed that mothers time allocation for children was influenced by the age of children, the length of mothers education, the mothers occupation, the uncertainty avoidance and power distance dimension of cultural values.