yundri, yundri
Universitas Airlangga

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Factors That Related with Incomplete Children Immunization in Kuala Tungkal II Health Center

Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

ABSTRACTImmunization is a program be done to protect a human body from diseases. In Tanjung Jabung Barat District, the completeness of mmunization has not reached in MDGs (> 93%). According to the health agency information, showed that the completeness of  immunization in West Tanjung Tabung regency (89%) and Kuala Tungkal II health Center (78%). The purpose of this research is to analyze factors that related with the status of basic Immunization. The type of research is qualitative method through indepth interview. This research uses cross sectional design. The research was be located on Kuala Tungkal II PHC in Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency. The population is all mothers who have children aged 12-24 months. Sampling is done by random sampling. The result showed that were a significant relationship between maternal education level (p = 0.007; OR 3.15; 95% CI 1.33-7.49), mother’s knowledge (p = 0.000; OR = 45.25; 95% CI 13.23-154.72), mothers attitude (p = 0.000; OR = 94.55; 95% CI 22.13-403.87), and mother’s motivate  (p = 0.000;  OR= 37.00 ; 95% CI 11.40-119.99) related to the child immunization status. It can be concluded that three variables have related to incomplete immunization. It is suggested that the health agency should improve the knowledge of health personnel in training that involves the basic immunization., so as to provide education to the public about the importance of complete basic immunization.Keywords: immunization, motivate, knowledge, attitude

Faktor-Faktor Risiko Status Imunisasi Dasar Tidak Lengkap pada Anak (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas II Kuala Tungkal)

Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 2: Agustus 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background : Basic immunization is a program conducted to protect the body from disease. Mother behavior, health care and environmental factor serve as a benchmark in the basic immunization status. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of incomplete basic immunization in children.Methods : The research used observational analytic and cross sectional studynsupported by qualitative approach of in-depth interview method. The research population was all mothers with children aged 12 to 24 months with sample size of 92 respondents. Sampling method was conducted by purposive random sampling. Data collection was done by interviewing and the measuring instrument used is an questionaire. Data was analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate.Results : Multivariate analysis showed poor maternal knowledge (p=0.0001) and lack of supportive attitudes of mothers toward immunization (p=0.0001), is a risk factor for incomplete basic immunization status in children. While mother's age, mother's education, mother's occupation, mother's perception of health facility condition, mother's perception on immunization staff role, number of child in the household and information media are not the risk factors of incomplete basic immunization status in children. A qualitative approach with in-depth interviews indicates that poor knowledge of immunization and the lack of supportive attitude of mothers toward immunization resulting in an incomplete basic immunization status.Conclusion : Risk factors for incomplete basic immunization status in children are poor mother's knowledge and lack of supportive attitudes of mothers toward immunization