Harahap, Indah Wahyuni
Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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CORRELATION OF SMOKING DEGREE WITH TUBERCULOSIS ON SMOKERS IN INDONESIA (ANALYSIS OF IFLS 2014) Harahap, Indah Wahyuni; Mutahar, Rini; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis is one of infectious disease that has special attention in Indonesia. Based on WHO report, in 2015 Indonesia is the second country with the largest tuberculosis cases in the world which number of tuberculosis reach 10% of all TB cases in the world. This condition also consist by the higher number of smokers in Indonesia where Indonesia is the third rank of the largest number of smokers in the world. This study conducted to know the correlation between smoking degree with tuberculosis. Method: This study is an analytical study using cross sectional approach. The sampel in this study are 9.639 people. Statistical analysis used in this study are univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using complex sample analysis. Result: The result of univariate analysis of this study showed the percentage of respondents who suffer from tuberculosis is 6,7%. Bivariate analysis showed a correlation between smoking degree , age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, occupancy density, type of house floor, and the type of wall of the house with the incidence of tuberculosis. The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between the smoking degree and the incidence of tuberculosis after controlling for age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, and type of house wall. Conclusion: The smoking degree influences the incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia, so it should be given special attention to smokers in Indonesia in order to decrease the incidence of tuberculosis and can optimize the health status of Indonesian people, especially the group of smokers in Indonesia.Key Word: Tuberculosis, degree of smoking, smokers DOI: 10.26553/jikm.2017.8.3.169-179