Sitilonga, Jernita Megawati
Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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CAUSAL FACTORS OF ABORTUS SPONTANEOUS OCCURENCE IN DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN GENERAL STATE HOSPITAL PALEMBANG Sitilonga, Jernita Megawati; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Maternal mortality are one of many health problems in the world especially in Indonesia. In indonesia, one of maternal death the highest factors is abortus. abortus is conception excretion or the pregnancy termination before the fetus could survive outside the womb (viable) without considering the causal with weight <500 gram or gestation age <20 weeks. In the Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang hospital there are 126 case of abortus spontaneous in 2015. The objective is to know the causal factors of abortus spontaneous occurance in Dr.Mohammad Hoesin General State Hospital PalembangMethod: This research used case control design by analyze the secondary data obtained form the hospital medical record. The population of this research were pregnant women which inpatient in the polyclinic Obstetric and Gynecology. The sample of the research were the patient that has been diagnosed of experiencing the abortus spontaneous and giving birth spontaneous in the january untill december 2015 with 48 case and 144 control. the way of sampling was done using simple random sampling. The data were analyzed with univariate, bivariate and multivariate.Results: The causes of abortus spontaneous based on bivariate analysis is maternal age, parity and spacing pregnancies.Multivariate results showed no effect of parity on the incidence of abortus after controlled by age, history of body mass index (OR=11.683;95%CI 4.931 to 27.678). Conclusion: Maternal age, parity and spacing of pregnancy has no effect on the incidence of abortus spontaneous.Keywords: Risk, Abortion, Miscarriage. https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.8.2.100-108