Tun, Myo Min
Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

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FLUID INCLUSION STUDIES OF THE EPITHERMAL QUARTZ VEINS FROM SUALAN PROSPECT, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Tun, Myo Min; Warmada, I Wayan; Idrus, Arifudin; Harijoko, Agung; Verdiansyah, Okki; Watanabe, Koichiro
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 6, No 2
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (952.327 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7218

Abstract

Sualan prospect is located at Talegong Sub-district of Garut Regency, West Java, Indonesia. The area constitutes calc-alkaline volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks of Tertiary age. The rocks have experienced regional propylitic and argillic alteration. Fluid inclusions from quartz veins were studied in order to constrain the nature, characteristics and evolution of fluids. Microthermometric measurements on fluid inclusion were carried out by freezing and heating experiment. Temperatures of homogenization (Th) and final melting of ice (Tm) were measured for primary, liquid-dominated, two-phase inclusions. The values of Th range from 160°C to 210°C and salinities range from 0.35 to 4.96 wt.% NaCl equiv. Formation temperature of the quartz veins are estimated at 180°C and 190°C and paleo-depth of formation are at 80m and 140m, respectively. Microthermometric data indicates that fluid mixing and dilution were important processes during the evolution of hydrothermal system. Based on fluid inclusion types, microthermometric data, trapping temperature, paleo-depth, texture of quartz and hydrothermal alteration types, quartz veins from prospect were developed under epithermal environment. Keywords: Quartz vein, fluid inclusions, microthermometry, salinities, formation temperature, paleo-depth, epithermal, Sualan prospect.
Characteristics Of Hydrothermal Alteration In Cijulang Area, West Java, Indonesia Tun, Myo Min; Warmada, I Wayan; Harijoko, Agung; Al-Furqan, Reza; Watanabe, Koichiro
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 7, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jag.16917

Abstract

Characterization of hydrothermal alteration in theCijulang area (West Java, Indonesia) was carriedout using shortwave infrared spectroscopy. Hydrothermal alteration in the Cijulang area occurs in the calc-alkaline volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. Shortwave infrared spectroscopic measurements of reflectance for altered rocks and minerals were carried out by ASD-FieldSpec and the laboratory spectra acquired were then analysed with “The Spectral Geologist” software program. Shortwave infrared spectroscopy is capable of detecting most finegrained alteration minerals from different hydrothermal alteration zones. Characteristic alteration minerals identified from the SWIR technique include pyrophyllite, alunite, kaolinite, dickite, illite, montmorillonite, polygorskite, gypsum, epidote, paragonite, and muscovite. Most of the spectra show mixture ofalteration minerals and only a few display pure spectra of single mineral. The crystallinity of kaolinite from the samples was also determined from the reflectance spectra and show moderately to high crystallinity. Alteration system of the Cijulang prospectis similar to others documented high-sulfidation epithermal deposits, such as Rodalquilar (Spain), Summitville (Colorado), and Lepanto (Philippines). A characteristic alteration sequence and zonation of advanced argillic, argillic and propylitic alterationoutward from the silica core has resulted from the progressive cooling and neutralization of hot acidic magmatic fluid with the host rocks.Keywords: Cijulang, High-sulfidation, Alteration minerals, Shortwave Infrared Spectroscopy
HIGH SULFIDATION EPITHERMAL MINERALIZATION AND ORE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGES OF CIJULANG PROSPECT, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Tun, Myo Min; Warmada, I Wayan; Idrus, Arifudin; Harijoko, Agung; Verdiansyah, Okki; Watanabe, Koichiro
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 6, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4446.559 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7215

Abstract

Cijulang is a high-sulfidation epithermal system hosted in the calc-alkaline rocks of andesite lava and lapilli tuff. Mineralization in the prospect is characterized by pyrite-enargite-gold and associated acid sulfate alteration. Studies on ore and gangue mineral assemblages and their mutual textural relationships were carried out in order to explore the paragenetic sequence of mineralization. Hypogene mineralization primarily occurs in the silicic core and the advanced argillic zone in the form of massive replacement, fracture-filling veinlets, vug-filling, patches and dissemination. Mineralization is apparently controlled by both lithology and structures. Common ore minerals include pyrite, enargite, luzonite, tennantite, chalcopyrite, covellite, galena, emplectite and Te-bearing minerals. The paragenetic study indicates that the epithermal prospect evolved from an early stage of intense acid leaching resulting in the formation of vuggy silica and advantage argillic mineral assemblage which was followed by the sulfides deposition. Two metal stages were identified during ore deposition: an early Fe-As-S stage and the later Cu-Fe-As-S stage. The former stage is char- acterized high-sulfidation state sulfides such as enargite/ luzonite+covellite whereas a later stage of Cu- Fe-As–S is represented by intermediate sulfidation state sulfides assemblage of tennantite+chalcopyrite. Gold is probably introduced in the early stage within the ore system and more abundant in the late stage. Keywords: Cijulang, high-sulfidation, acid sulfate, mineralization, enargite, paragenetic, metal stages