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Ethnobotanical Study on Medicinal Plants in Sesaot Forest, Narmada,West Lombok, Indonesia Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto; Andini, Arista Suci
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.047 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.19314

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the largest mega biodiversity countries in the world that is rich in biological resources. Plants can be an alternative in treating diseases by Indonesian people such as around the Sesaot Forest, the Buwun Sejati Village. This study aimed to determine the types of plants in Sesaot Forest which were used as medicine by the people of Buwun Sejati Village, Narmada District, West Lombok Regency. This research was conducted by interview method and field survey. Data analysis was carried out descriptively. Based on the research, there were 87 species included in 42 families used as medicine by the community of Buwun Sejati Village. The Zingiberaceae family was a plant family that was most widely used as a traditional medicine ingredient. There were 30 types of diseases treated using Sesaot Forest plants by the community of Buwun Sejati Village. Leaves were of the most common part of plant used as raw material for traditional medicine by the people of Buwun Sejati Village, Narmada District, West Lombok Regency. The advantages of traditional medicines include its widespread accessibility and relative low prices. Therefore, this data obtained from this study is necessary to inventory the kind of medicinal plants and their utilization by the community, so that, the traditional knowledge of the medicinal plants can be documented and preserved.
KEANEKARAGAMAN KEPITING BIOLA DI KAWASAN MANGROVE KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto; Wiryanto, Wiryanto; Sunarto, Sunarto
Bioeksperimen: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi Vol 4, No 1: Maret 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.189 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/bioeksperimen.v4i1.5933

Abstract

Mangrove merupakan ekosistem yang khas dan memiliki fungsi penting secara ekologi, sosial-ekonomi, dan pendidikan. Luas kawasan mangrove di Kabupaten Purworejo semakin berkurang akibat adanya penebangan, permukiman, tambak,dan pertanian. Berkurangnya tegakan mangrove akan mempengaruhi keberadaan berbagai fauna yang berasosiasi dengannya. Oleh karena itu dilakukan pada bulan Agustus-September 2016 untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman kepiting biola di kawasan mangrove Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah. Ada tiga stasiun, yaitu mangrove lebat (Desa Gedangan), mangrove sedang (Desa Jatikontal), dan mangrove jarang (Desa Ngentak). Dari penelitian didapatkan 7 jenis kepiting biola, yaitu Uca annulipes, U.crassipes, U.paradussumieri, U.rosea, U.tetragonon, U.vocans, dan U.vomeris. Indeks keanekaragaman kepiting biola di kawasan mangrove Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah pada stasiun 1 (1,67)dan stasiun 2 (1,90) tergolong sedang. Adapun indeks keanekaragaman kepiting biola di stasiun 3 (0,64) tergolong rendah. Kondisi lingkungan di seluruh stasiun relatif baik untuk kehidupan mangrove dan kepiting biola, yaitu suhu26-30°C, pH 6-8, oksigen terlarut 3,5-6,6 mg/L, salinitas 3-9 ppt, dan substrat lumpur berpasir. Vegetasi mangrove pada stasiun I adalah Rhizophora mucronata, Nypa fruticans, Sonneratia alba, dan Hibiscus tiliaceus. Vegetasi mangrovepada stasiun II adalah Sonneratia caseolaris, Rhizophora stylosa, N.fruticans, H.tiliaceus, dan Morinda citrifolia.Vegetasi mangrove pada stasiun III adalah S.alba, S.caseolaris, N.fruticans, dan R.mucronata. Kerapatan vegetasi mangroveberkaitan dengan kelimpahan jenis (kepadatan) kepiting biola.
Diversity of Mangrove In Gedangan Village Purwodadi Subdistrict Purworejo Regency Central Java Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto; Syuhriatin, Syuhriatin; Wiryanto, Wiryanto
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Imu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.69 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v9i17.4006

Abstract

This research aims to know diversity of mangrove in Gedangan Village, Purwodadi Subdistrict, Purworejo Regency, Central Java. This research conducted on June-September 2016 with purposive sampling methods with three station. Based on the results of the research are nine mangrove species found are: Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia alba, Nypa fruticans, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pescaprae, Acanthus ilicifolius, Gymnanthera paludosa, Wedelia biflora, and Scirpus sp. Diversity of tree mangrove are low (H’ station 2=0,95 and H’ station 3= 0,15). Diversity of sapling mangrove are low with H’ in station 1, 2, and 3 are 0,2; 0,68; dan 0,08. And diversity of mangrove seedling and lower plants are medium with H’ in station 1, 2, and 3 are 1,17; 1,56; and 1,48. Environment condition in all station is relatively good to support live of mangrove plant.That is temperature  28-30°C, pH 7-8, DO 4,0-6,5 mg/l, salinity 6-9 ppt, and sandy mud substrat.
MITIGASI TSUNAMI DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH BERBASIS KEANEKARAGAMAN VEGETASI Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto; Wiryanto, Wiryanto; Sunarto, Sunarto
Fish Scientiae Vol 6, No 2 (2016): Volume 6, Nomor 2, Desember 2016
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.013 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/fs.v6i2.2686

Abstract

Kabupaten Purworejo merupakan daerah yang rawan terhadap bencana tsunami. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menetahui keanekaragaman vegetasi sebagai s,uatu upaya mitigasi tsunami di Kabupaten Purworejo, Jawa Tengah. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus-September 2016 di kawasan pantai dan pesisir Desa Gedangan, Desa Jatikontal, dan Desa Ngentak. Pada kawasan pantai di Kabupaten Purworejo terdapat 16 famili dengan 18 jenis tumbuhan dengan jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi untuk mitigasi tsunami adalah Casuarina equisetifolia, Terminalia catappa, dan Hibiscus tiliaceus. Pada kawasan pesisir di Kabupaten Purworejo terdapat vegetasi mangrove yang terdiri dari 6 famili dengan 8 jenis tumbuhan dengan jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi dalam mitigasi tsunami adalah Rhizophora mucronata, R.stylosa, Sonneratia alba, S.caseolaris, and Nypa fruticans.Purworejo coastal area laid down in the critical area on nature disaster like tsunami. The aim of this research is determine of  biodiversity vegetation as an efforts of tsunami mitigation in Purworejo coastal area, Central Java. This research conducted at August-September 2016 in beach and coastal area of Purworejo Regency, Central Java. It was three location including Gedangan Village, Jatikontal Village, and Ngentak Village. This research obtained that beach area of Purworejo Regency consist of 16 family and 18 plant species with the potencial species for tsunami mitigation are Casuarina equisetifolia, Terminalia catappa, and Hibiscus tiliaceus. The coastal area of Purworejo Regency are habitat of mangrove vegetation consist of 6 family and 8 plant species with the potencial species for tsunami mitigation are Rhizophora mucronata, R.stylosa, Sonneratia alba, S.caseolaris, and Nypa fruticans.
Efektivitas Daun Pepaya (Carica papaya) Sebagai Larvasida Aedes sp. Yang Dikoleksi Dari Kota Mataram Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto
Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Medical Research Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas PGRI Madiun

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25273/pharmed.v2i1.3797

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui efektivitas filtrat daun Pepaya (Carica papaya) sebagai larvasida nyamuk Aedes sp. yang dikoleksi dari Kota Mataram, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat.  Metode ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian Non Equivalent Control Group. Tingkat konsentrasi adalah 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, 50%, 100% dan kontrol (CMC-Na) dengan 4 kali replikasi. Hasil pengamatan selama 24 jam dengan uji Kruskall-Wallis menunjukkan perbedaan jumlah kematian larva pada seluruh kelompok konsentrasi (p=0,000<0,05) dan perbedaan jumlah kematian larva pada seluruh kelompok lama waktu pemberian ekstrak daun Pepaya (Carica papaya linn) (p=0,000<0,05). Hasil uji Analisis Probit menunjukkan Lethal Consentration (LC50) ekstrak daun Pepaya (Carica papaya linn) terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegypti sebesar 24,46% dan waktu efektif adalah 22 jam. Berbagai konsentrasi ekstrak daun Pepaya (Carica papaya linn) berpengaruh terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegypti (p<0,05), waktu pemberian ekstrak daun Pepaya (Carica papaya linn) berpengaruh terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegypti (p<0,05), rata-rata jumlah kematian larva Aedes aegypti selama 24 jam konsentrasi 6,25% ( 4,75 larva), konsentrasi 12,5% ( 8 larva), konsentrasi 25% (12 larva), konsentrasi 50% ( 14,5 larva), konsentrasi 100% ( 19 larva) dan kontrol ( 1,25 larva).