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Johan, Sudirman M
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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PARADIGMA TRANSMISI ILMU PENGETAHUAN ISLAM KE RUANG PERADABAN GLOBAL Johan, Sudirman M
AL-FIKRA Vol 4, No 1 (2005): Al-Fikra
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

In the 5th or 6th century BCE, the Greek had established a communication network with the ancient East, especially with Egypt and Babylonia. The fusion between Greeks and the Eastern thought was more and more seen after Alexanders expansion in Egypt, so that Alexandria there became a center of melting between the Western and Eastern civilization. After the decline of Islamic civilization, there was likely separation between religion and reason as well as ignoring of Western civilization. For re-advancing of Islamic civilization, there are some steps can be passed i.e. rapprochement that is usually so-called epistemological re-integration.
FIKIH SYAFI’IYAH DALAM PENGAMALAN SYARI’AT ISLAM DI MALAYSIA Johan, Sudirman M
AL-FIKRA Vol 8, No 1 (2009): AL-FIKRA
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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During its historical developments in Islamic world including the Southeast Asian, the Asy’ari school of theology had integrated with Syafi’ite jurisprudences. Those two Islamic thoughts contributed significantly to the practice of Moslem society. In a theology perspective, Asy’ari’s school of thought and Syafi’ite jurisprudence have become an important foundation for social aspects of Moslem community. The integration of Asy’ari and Syafi’ite have turned into a madhab called ahl al-sunnah wa al-jama’ah. This madhab has been accepted as a major madhab in a malay society. It can be seen from its Islamic norms and practices such as  in the field of ibadah, muamalah, and munakahat.
KONSEP HIKMAT AL-TASYRÎ’ SEBAGAI ASAS EKONOMI DAN KEUANGAN BISNIS ISLAM MENURUT ALI AHMAD AL-JURJAWI (1866-1961M) DALAM KITAB HIKMAT AL-TASYRÎ’ WA FALSAFATUHU Johan, Sudirman M; Hadi, Nur; Mujahidin, Akhmad; Rofiq, Ahmad; Shale, Mawardi Muhammad
AL-FIKRA Vol 17, No 1 (2018): AL FIKRA
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Ali Ahmad Al-Jurjawi (1866-1961) a modernist from the Egyptian city of Jarja. Al-Jurjawi lived in a time of shock, known as the Egyptian revolution from the clutches of France. European colonization of the Islamic world (Egypt), which tends to manage the economy with a conventional (secular) system. These conditions affect the construction of scholarship which is occupied by Al-Jurjawi, plus the difficulty of finding the ideal books, especially regarding Islamic law and wisdom or secrets that exist in Islamic teachings. Starting from such a situation Al-Jurjawi much got the idea of philosophy and thought and determined to write a book that discusses the wisdom of Islamic Shariah, which is named Hikmat al-Tasyrî wa Falsafatuhu. Then how kosep wisdom al-Tashrî became the economic and financial principles of Islamic business according to Al-Jurjawi in the book. The result, the concept of wisdom al-Tasyrî Al-Jurjawi is amazing wisdom, astonishing mind and satisfy the heart of the shariah of the divine religion aims to know God, inhumanizing, knowing how to worship and Think about it by establishing the law necessary to be done amar maruf nahi mungkar and benefit servants of the world and the hereafter. The reason for wisdom of al-Tashrî as the economic and financial principle in Islamic business according to Al-Jurjawi, to realize submission to the Shariah of Allah; preserving the Sunnah of the Prophet; keep away from the forbidden; foster moral development; realizing brotherhood and unity. All according to Al-Jurjawi contains benefit the world and the hereafter, in an effort to know God by worshiping and maruf nahi munkar and morally noble character. It is embodied in the concept of hablum minnallâh wa minannâs. Benefit as the principle of innovation of economic and financial activities in contemporary Islamic business according to the researchers lies in the wisdom of ihyâu al-Mawât his Al-Jurjawi is to innovate in business for benefit people