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Level of Activity Daily Living in Post Stroke Patients Whitiana, Greesea Dinamaria; Vitriana, Vitriana; Cahyani, Aih
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1068

Abstract

Background: Stroke is the leading cause of disability and dependency which directly decrease patient’slife quality . Disability caused by stroke can be prevented by holistic and comprehensive management plan of stroke. Until now, there was no study conducted to evaluate management for post stroke patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital (RSHS). Therefore, this studyaimed to describe level of activities of daily living (ADL) in post stroke patients in Neurology unit of RSHS as a basic evaluation for a better management hereafter.Methods: This descriptive quantitative study participated by 31 post-stroke outpatients in Neurology Policlinic of RSHS was conducted from September to October 2015. Interviews were done to assess level of ADL by the Barthel Index score. Variables  correlated with ADL (age, gender, stroke type, stroke occurrence, stroke risk factors and muscle strength) were collected from medical records. Collected data was input and presented in tables. Results: There were 19 females and 12 males with the age group of 55-64 year old (35.5%). Most subjects had first stroke attack (71.0%). The most common type and risk factor were ischemic stroke (83.9%) and hypertension (81%) respectively. Patients with a maximum score in the entire extremity muscle strength were in the range of 60-70%. Out of the 31 patients, 18 (58.1%) were classified as independent in ADL. Conclusions: The majority of post stroke patients in the Neurology unit of RSHS wereindependent in ADL.  DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1068
Relationship between Socioeconomic Demographic Characteristics with Antibiotic Self-Medication in Community Dwelling Adults Aditya, Michael; Istriati, Istriati; Cahyani, Aih
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Infectious diseases escalation in developing countries especially in Indonesia lead to increasing  use of antibiotics in the community. Self-medication with antibiotics may increase the risk of resistant bacteria and irrational use of antibiotics. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between socioeconomic -demographic characteristics with antibiotic self-medication. Methods: An analytical cross sectional study was conducted on people from Sayang Village in West Java Indonesia  aged over 18 years and had experience in using antibiotics. A total of 146 respondents were selected as the sample of this study. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic demographic characteristics with antibiotic self-medication.Results: Out of 146 questionnaires that were completed, 111 were female and 35 male respondents, 75 respondents had experience in using antibiotics without prescription. The survey showed significant relation between antibiotics use with monthly income (p=0,031) and source of income (p=0,009).Conclusions: The study confirms that there is relation between monthly income and source of income with antibiotic self-medication. [AMJ.2017;4(1):73–7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n1.1023
Clinical Profile of Stroke Patients with Vertigo in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Neurology Ward Khansa, Amany; Cahyani, Aih; Amalia, Lisda
Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.432 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i3.1225

Abstract

 Vertigo often occurs from the ages of 18 to 79 years with a prevalence of 7.4%. Central vertigo is less common than peripheral vertigo, but it can worsen disability in stroke patients. This study aims to determine the profile of stroke patients with vertigo in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung Neurology Ward. This is a retrospective descriptive study, using medical record data from 2013 to 2017, and collected 173 medical record data. The results showed that most stroke patients with vertigo were women (59%), the most age group was 55-64 years (34.1%), the most common type of stroke was ischemic stroke (75.7%), the most disturbance regarding the vertebrobasilar system was (72.8%), the most patients got the first stroke was (52.6%), 60.7% of patients suffered from hypertension, 23.1% of patients suffered from hyperlipidemia 40 (23.1%), and 22% of patients suffered from diabetes mellitus type 2. This study concludes that stroke patients who experience vertigo are more common in women, and in the 55-64 year age group. The most common stroke is ischemic in the vertebrobasilar system. Most symptoms in stroke patients with vertigo are dizziness not affected by position, vomiting and nystagmus. Hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus play an important role in the incidence of stroke in patients.   Keywords: vertigo, risk factor, stroke, vertebrobasilar
Relationship between Socioeconomic Demographic Characteristics with Antibiotic Self-Medication in Community Dwelling Adults Aditya, Michael; Istriati, Istriati; Cahyani, Aih
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Infectious diseases escalation in developing countries especially in Indonesia lead to increasing  use of antibiotics in the community. Self-medication with antibiotics may increase the risk of resistant bacteria and irrational use of antibiotics. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between socioeconomic -demographic characteristics with antibiotic self-medication. Methods: An analytical cross sectional study was conducted on people from Sayang Village in West Java Indonesia  aged over 18 years and had experience in using antibiotics. A total of 146 respondents were selected as the sample of this study. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic demographic characteristics with antibiotic self-medication.Results: Out of 146 questionnaires that were completed, 111 were female and 35 male respondents, 75 respondents had experience in using antibiotics without prescription. The survey showed significant relation between antibiotics use with monthly income (p=0,031) and source of income (p=0,009).Conclusions: The study confirms that there is relation between monthly income and source of income with antibiotic self-medication. [AMJ.2017;4(1):73–7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n1.1023
Level of Activity Daily Living in Post Stroke Patients Whitiana, Greesea Dinamaria; Vitriana, Vitriana; Cahyani, Aih
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1068

Abstract

Background: Stroke is the leading cause of disability and dependency which directly decrease patient’slife quality . Disability caused by stroke can be prevented by holistic and comprehensive management plan of stroke. Until now, there was no study conducted to evaluate management for post stroke patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital (RSHS). Therefore, this studyaimed to describe level of activities of daily living (ADL) in post stroke patients in Neurology unit of RSHS as a basic evaluation for a better management hereafter.Methods: This descriptive quantitative study participated by 31 post-stroke outpatients in Neurology Policlinic of RSHS was conducted from September to October 2015. Interviews were done to assess level of ADL by the Barthel Index score. Variables  correlated with ADL (age, gender, stroke type, stroke occurrence, stroke risk factors and muscle strength) were collected from medical records. Collected data was input and presented in tables. Results: There were 19 females and 12 males with the age group of 55-64 year old (35.5%). Most subjects had first stroke attack (71.0%). The most common type and risk factor were ischemic stroke (83.9%) and hypertension (81%) respectively. Patients with a maximum score in the entire extremity muscle strength were in the range of 60-70%. Out of the 31 patients, 18 (58.1%) were classified as independent in ADL. Conclusions: The majority of post stroke patients in the Neurology unit of RSHS wereindependent in ADL.  DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1068