Athaillah, Farida
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

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8. Aedes Mosquitoes Abundance In Relation To Some Climatic Factors In Banda Aceh City, Indonesia Athaillah, Farida; Hambal, Muhammad; Fahrimal, Yudha; Bakri, Muttaqien; Ellyawardani, Ellyawardani; Vanda, Henni; Ahmad, Abu Hassan
The International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Vol. 1 (1) May 2016
Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.018 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i1.5393

Abstract

Dengue viruses and their mosquito vectors as an endemic disease in Indonesia are sensitive to their environment. The rising incidence of dengue is influenced by many factors, climate is one of them. Temperature, rainfall and humidity have well-defined roles in the transmission cycle. Changes in these conditions may contribute to increasing incidence. The purpose of this research was to determine the correlation between the dengue vector abundance and some climatic factors (temperature, rainfall and humidity) in Banda Aceh city after the tsunami. We also examined the potential effects of climate variations on dengue epidemiological pattern in indoor and outdoor of tsunami affected areas in Banda Aceh City during January – December 2010. Data processing was performed using SPSS and will be presented in tabular form. Pearson correlation test for parametric test and Spearman correlation coefficients for non-parametric test were performed to investigate the overall correlation between Aedes eggs abundance rates and some meteorological variables such as temperatures (0C), relative humidity (RH), and rainfall (RR). The result showed that the total egg populations in indoor and outdoor of tsunami affected areas are not significantly different among those factors. There was a positive correlation between eggs abundance and rainfall, but negatively correlated with temperature and relative humidity. From this result we can conclude that the abundance of Aedes eggs is not significantly correlated to temperature and humidity in indoor and outdoor of tsunami affected areas in Banda Aceh City.
The Administration of Epididymis Extract Increased the Testosterone Concentration without Affects the Dihydrotestosterone Concentration in Local Male Goat Yuliansyah, Nanda; Akmal, Muslim; Siregar, Tongku Nizwan; Wahyuni, Sri; Abrar, Mahdi; Syafruddin, Syafruddin; Gholib, Gholib; Athaillah, Farida
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Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.671 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v2i2.9469

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the effect of epididymis extract (EE) on the testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) level of local male goat. An experimental study was performed using a completely randomized design (CRD) pattern of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). 15 local male goats aged 1.5 years with body weight 14-16 kg were used in this study. The K0 group as a control group, injected with only 1 ml physiological saline, while each KP1, KP2, KP3, and KP4 groups treated with multilevel EE dose, ie 1, 2, 3, and 4 ml / goat for 13 consecutive days. At the end of treatment (day 14th), testes, epididymis (caput, corpus, and cauda) and ductus deferens samples were taken through the close-castration method for examining the testosterone and DHT concentration by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Data gathered were later analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey’s HSD in SPSS 16.0 for Windows. The result showed that the average concentration of testosterone on K0, KP1, KP2, KP3, and KP 4 in testis respectively were 10.00±2.64 ng/ml; 7.66±2.51 ng/ml; 10.00±6.55 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 11.66±7.37 ng/ml; caput epididymis; 5.00±1.73 ng/ml; 2.33±1.52 ng/ml; 5.00±2.64 ng/ml; 1.33±0.57 ng/ml; 5.66±1.15 ng/ml; corpus epididymis; 1.33±0.57 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 4.00±2.64 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 4.33±2.30 ng/ml; cauda epididymis: 1.00±0.00 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 1.66±0.57 ng/ml; 1.00 ± 0.00 ng/ml; 2.00±1.73 ng/ml; ductus deferens: 3.66±2.51 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 3.00±1.00 ng/ml; 1.00±0.00 ng/ml and 3.66±1.15 ng/ml. While the average concentration of DHT on K0, KP1, KP2, KP3, and KP 4 in testis respectively; 10.00±2.64 ng/ml; 7.66±2.51 ng/ml; 10.00±6.55 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 11.66±7.37 ng/ml; caput epididymis; 5.00±1.73 ng/ml; 2.33±1.52 ng/ml; 5.00±2.64 ng/ml; 1.33±0.57 ng/ml; 5.66±1.15 ng/ml; corpus epididymis; 1.33±0.57 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 4.00±2.64 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 4.33±2.30 ng/ml; cauda epididymis: 1.00±0.00 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 1.66±0.57 ng/ml; 1.00 ± 0.00 ng/ml; 2.00±1.73 ng/ml; ductus deferens: 3.66±2.51 ng/ml; 0.66±0.57 ng/ml; 3.00±1.00 ng/ml; 1.00±0.00 ng/ml and 3.66±1.15 ng/ml. Statistical analysis showed that the administration of EE only increased testosterone concentration in testes had significant effect (P< 0.05). From this study, it can be concluded that the EE has the potential to improve spermatogenesis and sperm quality through increasing the testosterone concentration in the local male goats.