Yayah Sopianah, Yayah
Dosen Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Poltekkes Kemenkes Tasikmalaya

Published : 4 Documents
Articles

Found 4 Documents
Search

The effects of audio-video instruction in brushing teeth on the knowledge and attitude of young slow learners in Cirebon regency Sopianah, Yayah; Sabilillah, Muhammad Fiqih; Oedijani, O.
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 2 (2017): (June 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.888 KB)

Abstract

Background: Young slow learners are children with special needs who require special attention to satisfy their personal hygiene needs, especially those of dental hygiene since they are particularly susceptible to tooth decay. Changing the knowledge and attitudes of those slow learners can be achieved by a proper method. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the effects of teaching effective methods of brushing teeth by means of an audio video approach on the knowledge and attitude of young slow learners in Cirebon regency. Methods: This study was quasi-experimental in nature using pre test-post test methods within a two-group design. The sampling technique employed was purposive in nature. The number of young slow learners as respondents in this research totalled 31 individuals. Those children were, subsequently, divided into two groups; Group I containing 16 children, instructed in tooth brushing techniques by means of an audio video method and Group II composed of 15 children who were taught tooth brushing techniques manually. The variables measured consisted of subjects’ knowledge of and attitude towards how to brush teeth most effectively identified by means of a questionnaire, in order that the interval data could be collected. Results: The results of an independent T-test showed there to be significant differences in the mean scores of the knowledge variable and the attitude variable (p = 0.003 and p = 0.000 respectively) between Groups I and II, at that stage of the investigation. Conclusion: It can be concluded that instructional audio-videos on how to brush teeth most effectively can improve both the knowledge and attitude of children with slow learning problems.
Correlation of cost, time, need, access, and competence with the public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentist Sopianah, Yayah; Sabilillah, Muhammad Fiqih; Fadilah, Ayyu
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 1 (2017): (March 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.147 KB)

Abstract

Background: Tooth loss can be caused by trauma, caries, and periodontal disease. It then can trigger an emotional impact on each individual, such as having a lack of confidence, feeling ashamed of the appearance, and trying to hide the missing teeth. As a result, people experiencing tooth loss want to put or replace their missing teeth with artificial ones. Unfortunately, many of them prefer to visit non-professional dentists rather than professional ones providing the same services because of both internal and external factors. Purpose: This research aimed to analyze factors affecting the public interest in Losari District of Brebes Regency in 2016 to install dentures in non-professional dentists. Method: This research focused on a correlation of cost, time, need, access, and competence with denture-making care interest using survey method. Sampling was conducted with purposive sampling technique. The number of samples was thirty-six people. Result: There was a significant correlation between public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists and cost factor (a p value of 0.010, <a 0.05). Similarly, there was a significant correlation between public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists and time factor (a p value of 0.000, <a 0.05). There were significant correlations between the public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists and need (a p value of 0.004, <a 0.05), as well as between public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists and access factor (a p value of 0.000 <a 0.05). Nevertheless, there was no correlation between public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists and competence factor (a p value of 0.482> a 0.05). Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a correlation between cost, time, need, and access with the public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists. Community competence has no correlation with public interest in installing dentures at non-professional dentists.
Hubungan Mengunyah Unilateral dengan Status Kebersihan Gigi dan Mulut pada Mahasiswa Tingkat I Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Sopianah, Yayah
Jurnal Kesehatan Bakti Tunas Husada: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keperawatan, Analis Kesehatan dan Farmasi Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : STIKes BTH Tasikmalaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.17 KB)

Abstract

Kebiasaan mengunyah unilateral memang tidak mempengaruhi pertumbuhan gigi, namun akan memengaruhi perkembangan rahang. Mengunyah unilateral akan menyebabkan otot tebal dan kuat hanya di satu sisi tersebut. Otot muka di sisi kanan dan kiri menjadi asimetris. Mengunyah sendiri bersifat self-cleansing. Mengunyah unilateral merupakan salah satu kebiasaan buruk yang dapat mempengaruhi status kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Status kebersihan gigi dan mulut adalah awal dari terjadinya masalah kesehatan gigi sehingga status kebersihan gigi dan mulut harus dijaga dan dipelihara agar tetap baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan mengunyah unilateral dengan status kebersihan gigi dan mulut pada mahasiswa tingkat I Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi.Jenis penelitian ini merupakan deskriptif korelatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling dan didapatkan jumlah 27 responden.Hasil uji deskriptif korelasi didapatkan nilai p-value: 0,004 pada nilai α = 5% dimana p &lt; 0,05, maka terlihat ada hubungan mengunyah unilateral dengan status kebersihan gigi dan mulut pada mahasiswa tingkat I Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan karena responden telah mendapat pengajaran yang sistematis, komprehensif dan berkesinambungan tentang pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut serta didukung lingkungan yang positif sehingga mayoritas memiliki status kebersihan gigi dan mulut dengan kriteria baik walaupun responden mengunyah unilateral
PENGARUH DENTAL BRAILLE EDUCATION (DBE) TERHADAP ORAL HYGIENE PADA ANAK TUNANETRA Fiqih Sabilillah, Muhammad; Zulfahmi Taftazani, Rieza; Sopianah, Yayah; Fatmasari, Dyah
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Desember 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.57 KB)

Abstract

TITLEThe influence of dental braille education (DBE) to oral hygiene of blind childrenABSTRACTBlind children has poor oral hygiene. Such condition due to tooth brushing is not monitored, other factors such as brushing technique, motor skills and mentoring assistance are still negligible. Besides the lack of visualization to understand and master the techniques of oral hygiene practices. This study aimed to analyze the influence of Braille Dental Education (DBE) against Oral Hygiene in blind children.Pre-experimental research design with the group pre-posttest design, further examination Plaque Index before the intervention. Intervention is given on a sample in the form of DBE and then evaluated at day 21. The outputs or outcomes in this study of assessment of the degree oral hygiene using the Plaque Index and DBE-shaped booklet. The research sample using purposive sampling method. Data analysis using descriptive statistics in the form of tables (boxplot or diagram), then the bivariate analysis using the non-parametric Wilcoxon to determine changes in oral hygiene on the results of the pretest to posttest results. Analysis of the data in this study using a computer program to test the hypothesis based on a significance level of &lt;0.05 with 95% confidence level.The results of the analysis of the difference in oral hygiene change from pretest to posttest showed no significant changes, indicated by Z = -3.126 and p = 0.002 (p&gt; 0.005). It can be concluded that the hypothesis that there was an effect on oral hygiene DBE in blind children is acceptable because it is essentially a state intelligence of blind children is not different from normal children, and therefore requires an approach and good communication in handling it. Key words : Dental Braille Education (DBE), Oral Hygiene, Children with Visual Impairment