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FAKTOR RISIKO OBESITAS SENTRAL PADA ORANG DEWASA DI DKI JAKARTA: Analisis Lanjut Data RISKESDAS 2007 Sugianti, Elya; ., Hardinsyah; Afriansyah, Nurfi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 2 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

RISK FACTORS OF CENTRAL OBESITY AMONG ADULTS IN DKI JAKARTAObesity is now considered as a major public health problem, afflicting both developed anddeveloping countries including Indonesia. Recently, central obesity, measured by waistcircumference, draw a greater attention than overall obesity, measured by body mass index, sincemore risks have been proved to be associated with central obesity. The objective of the study is toanalyzed risk factors associated with central obesity in DKI Jakarta. The study used secondary dataof Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) conducted in 2007 in DKI Jakarta. A Total of 11805 men andwomen age 15 year old or above excluding pregnant women were used for the analyses. Logisticregression analyses were used to measure the association between central obesity and existingvariables in the data on the characteristic of subject. The result showed that significant risk factorsassociated with central obesity are age 35 year, sex (women), marital status (married), education(high school), occupation (entrepreneur/ tradesman/ services/ housewife), per capita income(quintile-5), fatty foods and mental disorders. Among those risk factors, sex (women) is the mostdeterminant risk factor.Keywords: central obesity, risk factors, BasicHealth Research (RISKESDAS)
FAKTOR RISIKO OBESITAS SENTRAL PADA ORANG DEWASA DI DKI JAKARTA: Analisis Lanjut Data RISKESDAS 2007 Sugianti, Elya; ., Hardinsyah; Afriansyah, Nurfi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 2 (2009): September 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.973 KB)

Abstract

RISK FACTORS OF CENTRAL OBESITY AMONG ADULTS IN DKI JAKARTAObesity is now considered as a major public health problem, afflicting both developed anddeveloping countries including Indonesia. Recently, central obesity, measured by waistcircumference, draw a greater attention than overall obesity, measured by body mass index, sincemore risks have been proved to be associated with central obesity. The objective of the study is toanalyzed risk factors associated with central obesity in DKI Jakarta. The study used secondary dataof Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) conducted in 2007 in DKI Jakarta. A Total of 11805 men andwomen age 15 year old or above excluding pregnant women were used for the analyses. Logisticregression analyses were used to measure the association between central obesity and existingvariables in the data on the characteristic of subject. The result showed that significant risk factorsassociated with central obesity are age 35 year, sex (women), marital status (married), education(high school), occupation (entrepreneur/ tradesman/ services/ housewife), per capita income(quintile-5), fatty foods and mental disorders. Among those risk factors, sex (women) is the mostdeterminant risk factor.Keywords: central obesity, risk factors, BasicHealth Research (RISKESDAS)
Effect of Probiotic Milk Containing L. Casei Shirota on Immunoglobulin-G Levels Among Anemic Adolescent Girls Sugianti, Elya; Adi, Annis Catur; Ekayanti, Ikeu; Mahmudiono, Trias; Fatmaningrum, Widati; Yusmiati, Siti Nur Husnul
Health Notions Vol 2 No 2 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

Probiotic play important role on immune systems. This study was to investigate effect of probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota on immunoglobulin G levels among anemic adolescent girls. A total of 22 adolescent girls aged 13-18 years with anemia were included on this study. The subjects were separated into 2 groups i.e. a probiotic group and a control group by simple random sampling. During 4 weeks, a probiotic group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week and probiotic milk once daily. While a control group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 4 weeks and assayed for immunoglobulin G levels by ELISA. Immunoglobulin G levels were not significantly increase after intervention. Compared with control group, probiotic milk administration in probiotic group did not significantly increased immunoglobulin G levels (p>0.05). The probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota did not improve immunoglobulin G levels on anemic adolescent girls.  Keywords: Probiotic, Immunoglobulin G levels, Anemia, Adolescent girls
Effect of Probiotic Milk containing L. casei Shirota on Immunoglobulin G Levels among Anemic Adolescent Girls Sugianti, Elya; Adi, Annis Catur; Ekayanti, Ikeu; Mahmudiono, Trias; Fatmaningrum, Widati; Yusmiati, Siti Nur Husnul
Health Notions Vol 2, No 2 (2018): February
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.919 KB)

Abstract

Probiotic play important role on immune systems. This study was to investigate effect of probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota on immunoglobulin G levels among anemic adolescent girls. A total of 22 adolescent girls aged 13-18 years with anemia were included on this study. The subjects were separated into 2 groups i.e. a probiotic group and a control group by simple random sampling. During 4 weeks, a probiotic group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week and probiotic milk once daily. While a control group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 4 weeks and assayed for immunoglobulin G levels by ELISA. Immunoglobulin G levels were not significantly increase after intervention. Compared with control group, probiotic milk administration in probiotic group did not significantly increased immunoglobulin G levels (p>0.05). The probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota did not improve immunoglobulin G levels on anemic adolescent girls. Keywords: Probiotic, Immunoglobulin G levels, Anemia, Adolescent girls
EVALUASI PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN PEMULIHAN (PMT-P) PADA BALITA KURANG GIZI DI KABUPATEN TUBAN Sugianti, Elya
CAKRAWALA Vol 11, No 2: Desember 2017
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.612 KB) | DOI: 10.32781/cakrawala.v11i2.20

Abstract

Program PMT-P adalah salah satu program yang dilaksanakan pemerintah dalam penanganan masalah gizi pada balita kurang gizi khususnya pada keluarga miskin. Namuan, selama ini masih banyak kendala dalam pelaksanaannya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan program PMT-P berdasarkan segi input, proses dan output di Kabupaten Tuban. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah kasie gizi dinas kesehatan, kepala puskesmas, tenaga pelaksana gizi, bidan desa, dan kader. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriftif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dai segi input, SDM dan bahan PMT-P sudah memadai, namun petunjuk pelaksanaan, sarana prasarana, dan pendanaan masih kurang, dari segi proses, penyimpanan, pengangkutan dan pemantauan masih kurang, dari segi output, ketepatan umur sudah sesuai dan ada keefektifan program dalam kenaikan berat badan. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah program PMT-P sudah efektif dalam meningkatkan berat badan balita sasaran walaupun masih terdapat kendala dalam pelaksanaan program.
Hubungan Pemakaian dan Penatalaksanaan Garam Beriodium Skala Rumah Tangga dengan Status Iodium Balita di Kabupaten Blitar dan Kediri Sugianti, Elya
CAKRAWALA Vol 12, No 2: Desember 2018
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.926 KB) | DOI: 10.32781/cakrawala.v12i2.278

Abstract

Masalah GAKI merupakan masalah kesehatan yang belum terselesaikan. Selama ini pemakaian garam beriodium digunakan sebagai upaya dalam menanggulangi masalah GAKI. Namun, dalam dua tahun terakhir, kegiatan pemantauan garam beriodium skala rumah tangga sudah tidak dilakukan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pemakaian dan penatalaksanaan garam beriodium pada skala rumah tangga terhadap status iodium balita. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara responden dan pengujian laboratorium. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini sebanyak 95 balita. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi square dan spearman. Hasil penelitian ini adalah pemakaian garam beriodium pada skala rumah tangga mampu menjaga status iodium balita pada kondisi optimal. Namun, masih terdapat defisiensi dan kelebihan iodium pada balita. Meskipun pada panelitian ini pemakaian dan penatalaksanaan garam beriodium pada skala rumah tangga tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian GAKI pada balita (p>0,05), namun, pemakaian dan penatalaksanaan garam beriodium dengan baik penting dalam mengeliminasi GAKI pada masyarakat.
Determinasi Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Di Kabupaten Sidoarjo : Studi Kasus Pada Puskesmas Trosobo, Kecamatan Taman Sugianti, Elya
CAKRAWALA Vol 9, No 1: Juni 2015
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Provinsi Jawa Timur

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32781/cakrawala.v9i1.192

Abstract

Kematian bayi masih menjadi beban pembangunan kesehatan. ASI eksklusif diketahui dapat menurunkan kematian bayi. Namun, cukupan pemberian ASI eksklusif masih rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap pemberian ASI eksklusif. Desain cross sectional study yang bersifat retrospektif dilakukan di Puskesmas Trosobo, Kecamatan Taman, Kabupaten Sidoarjo dalam penelitian ini. Sebanyak 77 responden diambil dalam penelitian ini secara purposive. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara langsung responden dengan kuisioner terstruktur. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan regresi logistic. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ibu yang memberikan ASI eksklusif di Puskesmas Trosobo, Kecamatan Taman sebesar 15.6%. Terdapat hubungan yang nyata antara penyusunan segera (p=0.002) dan dukungan petugas kesehatan (p=0.002) dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Hasil analisis multivariate menunjukkan adanya pengaruh yang lemah antara penyusunan segera (p=0.039, OR=0.195) dan dukungan petugas kesehatan (p=0.033, OR=0.196) terhadap pemberian ASI eksklusif. Meskipun hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pengaruh yang lemah antara penyusunan segera dan dukungan petugas kesehatan dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif, namun, penyusun segera dan dukungan petugas kesehatan sangat penting untuk dilakukan dalam peningkatan pemberian ASI eksklusif.