Susetyowati Susetyowati, Susetyowati
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Published : 70 Documents
Articles

Pengaruh diet rendah protein modifikasi terhadap keseimbangan nitrogen pada pasien penyakit ginjal kronik predialisis di RSU Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro Sunaryo, Agus; Asdie, Ahmad Husein; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 3, No 3 (2007): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17560

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a decreasing function of kidney chronically, progressive, and irreversible. In this condition, one of the symptom found is uremia where gastrointestinal disturbance such as vomiting and anorexia occurred. This causes less nutrition intake, therefore careful diet is needed in attention. One of important aspect of diet procedures for CKD patients is eating management.Objective: To find out the influence of the modification of low protein diet intake towards nitrogen balance in predialysed CKD patients.Method: This was an experimental research using randomized controlled trial design.The subjects were predialysed CKD patients treated who fulfilled the following criteria: adult patients, obtained a low protein diet therapy, treated for at least two days, and willing to be examined. The treatments were a modification of low protein diet compare with a hospital standard of low protein diet.The twenty patients were devided into two groups namely a-ten-people treatment group and a-ten-people control.Result: The statistical test showed that there were no significant difference (p>0.05) in energy and protein intake, urea nitrogen appearance, and nitrogen balance between modification of low protein diet and the hospital standard of low protein diet in predialysed CKD patients.Conclusion: There were no significant difference in nitrogen balance between modification of low protein diet and the hospital standard of low protein diet in predialysed CKD patients.
Perbedaan asupan mikronutrien pada lansia penderita hipertensi esensial yang overweight dan tidak overweight Wilujeng, Catur Saptaning; Rochmah, Wasilah; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2013): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18840

Abstract

Background: Hypertension in overweight elderly is a crucial problem considering that its pathogenesis, disease pattern and management are not entirely the same with hypertension in young adults. Hypertension in overweight elderly requires particular attention because it is closely associated with overall management (medical and nutritional).Objective: To study different intake of micronutrients, i.e. natrium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) in overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension at Griya Sehat Lansia (GSL) Yogyakarta.Method: The study was analytical with case control study design. Samples were as many as 138 elderly of 60-75 years old taken using multistage sampling technique. Data of intake Na, K, Ca, Mg were obtained through semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ); essential hypertension through assessment of blood pressure using sphygmomanometer; overweight and non overweight status through body mass index (BMI), BMI for overweight was 23-24.9 kg/m2 and non-overweight was 18.50-22.99 kg/m2. Statistical analysis used paired t test, Chi-Square and logistic regression.Results: There were differences in intake of Na, K, Ca, and Mg between overweight and non overweight elderly (p<0.05). There were significant association (p<0.05) between intake of Na, K, Ca, and Mg of overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension, with OR 5.271; 6.813; 3.398 and 3.444. Intake of Na and K were variables most significantly associated with overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension (p<0.05).Conclusion: There were significant differences in intake of micronutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg) between overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension at GSL Yogyakarta.
Pelaksanaan proses asuhan gizi terstandar (PAGT) terhadap asupan gizi dan kadar glukosa darah pasien diabetes melitus tipe 2 Yunita, Yunita; Asdie, Ahmad Husein; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Oktober
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18850

Abstract

Background: Food planning is a basis of diabetes mellitus (DM) therapy. Proper diet is essential for effective control of blood glucose level. Diet therapy through the care of nutrition team in a hospital can increase nutrient intake of patients in a hospital. In 2003 the American Diabetes Association recommended a model of standardized nutrition care process (SNCP).Objective: To find out the effect of SNCP implementation to nutrient intake and blood glucose level of DM type 2 inpatients.Method: The study was a quasi-experiment. Nutrient intake variable was measured in post-test and blood glucose level variable was the pre-post test. Samples were divided into two groups; one group was treated with SNCP and the other with conventional nutrition care. The population of the study consisted of all new patients with DM type 2 diagnosis. Samples were those that met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by using t-test.Results: Average nutrient intake was found high in the group with SNCP. Nutrient intake comprised energy intake (97.8%), protein intake (95.1%), fat intake (95.6%), and carbohydrate intake (94.9%). The result of the statistical test showed that nutrient intake (energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate) in SNCP was higher than that of conventional nutrition care. Decreasing blood glucose level before and after SNCP intervention was 109.4 mg/dL whereas in conventional nutrition care was 105.5 mg/dL. Decreasing blood glucose level of DM type 2 in patients with SNCP was higher than those with conventional nutrition care but statistically was not significant.Conclusion: Nutrient intake (energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate) of DM type 2 in the patient with SNCP were higher than those with conventional nutrition care. Decreased blood glucose level of DM type 2 in patients with SNCP was higher than those with conventional nutrition care, which was not statistically significant.
Asupan gizi dan status gizi vegetarian pada komunitas vegetarian di Yogyakarta Anggraini, Lusia; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 11, No 4 (2015): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.22986

Abstract

Background: Vegetarian diet has become a popular diet among people. The information about the benefits of going plant-based as opposed to the risks of degenerative illnesses is widespread and publicly eligible. However, the diet is known to cause the lack of some nutrients such as protein, iron, and B12, which has the implication on ones nutritional status.Objective: The study is aimed at identifying nutrient intake and nutritional status vegetarians and the influential factors among vegetarians in Yogyakarta.Method: The study is an observational one with a cross sectional design. It is conducted on vegetarians living in Yogyakarta, which, as methodologically required, involves 102 respondents. The nutritional intake is measured through Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), and the nutritional status through the Body Mass Index status, ferritin serum level, protein serum level and hemoglobin level. The data are analysed using chi square and multiple logistic regression.Results: The mean intake of energy, fat, zinc, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 is higher in lactoovo vegetarian while vegan is the higher intake of carbohydrates, protein, iron, folic acid, and vitamin C. Some nutritional intake of less than 80% of AKG is the intake of energy, carbohydrates, zinc, folic acid, and vitamin B12. There are significant differences of the intakes of vitamin B12 between both groups. The vegan’s IMT is lower than lactoovo vegetarian. Lactoovo vegetarian’s protein serum levels are higher, however serum levels of vegan’s ferritin and hemoglobin are higher. There are significant differences in serum levels of protein and hemoglobin levels in both groups. There is a significant relation between the intake of iron and hemoglobin levels in vegetarians.Conclusion: Lactoovo vegetarian diet and vegan diet can fulfill the nutritional adequacy, but the things that need to keep in mind are the quality and quantity of food and a good diet plan in order to comply all the nutritional adequacy especially food sources of zinc, folic acid, and vitamin B12.
Perbedaan asupan mikronutrien pada lansia penderita hipertensi esensial yang overweight dan tidak overweight Wilujeng, Catur Saptaning; Rochmah, Wasilah; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2013): Juli
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18840

Abstract

Background: Hypertension in overweight elderly is a crucial problem considering that its pathogenesis, disease pattern and management are not entirely the same with hypertension in young adults. Hypertension in overweight elderly requires particular attention because it is closely associated with overall management (medical and nutritional).Objective: To study different intake of micronutrients, i.e. natrium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) in overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension at Griya Sehat Lansia (GSL) Yogyakarta.Method: The study was analytical with case control study design. Samples were as many as 138 elderly of 60-75 years old taken using multistage sampling technique. Data of intake Na, K, Ca, Mg were obtained through semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ); essential hypertension through assessment of blood pressure using sphygmomanometer; overweight and non overweight status through body mass index (BMI), BMI for overweight was 23-24.9 kg/m2 and non-overweight was 18.50-22.99 kg/m2. Statistical analysis used paired t test, Chi-Square and logistic regression.Results: There were differences in intake of Na, K, Ca, and Mg between overweight and non overweight elderly (p<0.05). There were significant association (p<0.05) between intake of Na, K, Ca, and Mg of overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension, with OR 5.271; 6.813; 3.398 and 3.444. Intake of Na and K were variables most significantly associated with overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension (p<0.05).Conclusion: There were significant differences in intake of micronutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg) between overweight and non overweight elderly with essential hypertension at GSL Yogyakarta.
Hubungan pola makan dengan sindroma metabolik pada karyawan PT.Unocal oil company di offshore Balikpapan Propinsi Kalimantan Timur Sudarminingsih, Sri; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2007): November
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17476

Abstract

Background: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome has significantly increased in both developed and developing countries. Criteria of metabolic syndrome includes: body mass index of > 27, and male waist circumference of > 102 cm which could be followed by fasting blood glucose level of >110 mg/dl. Other symptoms are blood pressure and triglyceride (of > 130/85 mm Hg and > 150 mg/dl respectively) and decrease in high density lipoprotein to < 40 mg/dl.Objective: This research was aimed to explore the extent to which food habit relates with metabolic syndrome among offshore workers employed by Unocal Oil Company Ltd. Located in Balikpapan.Method: The study which was an observational-analytical was then carried out using case-control design, with comparison 1:1 (matched case control). Nutrients intake measured using the 3 x 24 hours recall method. Chi squares, t- test, odd ratios, and logistic regressions were performed to determine statistical significant among variables.Result: The study showed that energy intake > 110% recommended daily allowance (RDA) between case and control group was significantly different (OR= 7.7; 95% CI= 3.1-18.8). This was also true for the case of total carbohydrate > 60%, (OR= 3.98, 95% CI= 1.6-9.8), refined carbohydrate > 5% (OR= 7.4; 95% CI= 2.9-18.7), total protein > 20% (OR= 3.2; 95% CI= 1.2-8.4), and fat > 20% (OR= 5.04; 95% CI= 1.578-16.1). Logistic regressions were performed to determine statistical significant among variables candidate and the result showed it was significant for refined carbohydrate, energy intake and old work in offshore (p<0.05).Conclusion: This study indicate that nutrient intake was higher than of RDA, it was closely related to the incidence of metabolic syndrome: refined carbohydrate, energy intake and old offshore workers employed (p < 0.05).
THE EFFECTS OF ROOM SERVICE TO IMPROVE PATIENTS’ FOOD SATISFACTION AND FOOD ACCEPTANCE Iqbal, Muhammad; Susetyowati, Susetyowati; Purba, Martalena Br
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 39, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The improvement of patients’ food satisfaction and acceptance in the hospitals is primarily needed in the food service  system.  Room service is a new concept in the food service area. This study aims to compare the effects of two different types of food service systems; room service and conventional service system. The study with quasi-experimental design is conducted to the subject of 66 inpatients who were taken using a quota sampling method. Subjects were divided into different groups, the treatment groups (room service) and control groups (conventional). Leftover food between groups was compared for 9 large meals to determine acceptability. Food satisfaction is measured on the last day with using questionnaire. The study was conducted in April-June 2014. Chi-Square test and logistic regression were used for analysis of research data. There were significant differences food satisfaction (RR=4.6; p=0.0001) and food acceptance (RR=1.94; p=0.0488) between control and treatment group. The logistic regression test showed that room service group had higher food satisfaction and food acceptance level than control group after controlling confounding factors, which were 12,11 times (95% CI 3,593 – 37,219) and 2,38 times (95% CI 0,68-8,31), respectively. The room service increases food satisfaction and food acceptance of patients compared with conventional systems.
Efek pemberian ekstrak teh hijau (Camellia sinesis (L) O. Kuntze) var. Assamica terhadap total lemak tubuh dan profil lipid wanita dewasa overweight dan obesitas Hardani, Ernawati; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 4 (2014): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18874

Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity can cause high body fat total and lipid profile in the blood that brings risk for diseases to the bearer. Some studies on green tea extract supplementation have been undertaken to find out its effect on the fat reduction in children, men, and mice and the result showed a reduction in body fat, weight, appetite, and triglyceride level. This study uses green tea extract supplemented to overweight and obese women. Objective: To find out the reduction of body fat total and lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, HDL) in the blood of overweight and obese women personnel of Yogyakarta Municipal Health Office supplemented with green tea extract.Method: The study was randomized double-blinded control trial. The subject of the study was overweight and obese women of 35-55 years old personnel of Yogyakarta Municipal Health Office. Samples were 86 women randomly taken, comprising experiment group and control group, each of which consisting of 43 women. Each group had diet according to individual appetite. Both groups were given capsules of similar form and color but different ingredients: placebo and green tea extract. The experiment took three months. Blood was taken before and after the experiment to identify lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, HDL). Body fat total was examined using body fat analyzer. Data analysis used paired t-test.Results: Green tea extract supplementation could significantly reduce body fat total and insignificantly reduce cholesterol level, triglyceride, and LDL, significantly increase HDL in overweight and obese women.Conclusion: Green tea extract supplementation could reduce body fat total and increase HDL (p<0.005).
Citra tubuh, asupan makan, dan status gizi wanita usia subur pranikah Paratmanitya, Yhona; Hadi, Hamam; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 8, No 3 (2012): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18208

Abstract

Background: Premarital reproductive age women are prospective mothers whose nutritional status should be monitored, because it can affect the outcome of pregnancy. Premarital period can be interpreted as pre conception period. As the wedding ceremony approaches, women’s concern of their body image is increasing. Negative body image can influence their dietary intake and nutritional status. Research on the effect of pre wedding body image on women’s dietary intake and nutritional status in non-western countries is still limited.Objective: The aim of this research was to describe the relationship between body image, dietary intake and nutritional status of premarital reproductive age women in Yogyakarta city. Method: This research was an observational research with cross-sectional design. The subjects were 157 premarital reproductive age women in Yogyakarta city who came to the office of religious affairs to register their marriage or followed the premarital advisory program. Body image was measured by Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34); dietary intake was measured by Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ); and nutritional status was classified based on Body Mass Index (BMI). Data were analyzed with Chi-Square test, t-test and multiple logistic regression.Result: Only 12,1% of participant reported dissatisfied of their body image. Dominant factor that affect their body image was environmental influence (OR=14,5). Bivariat analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between body image and nutritional status (p<0,05; OR=15,6), as well as dietary intake and nutritional status (p<0,05). However, body image and dietary intake was not significantly associated (p>0,05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that factors associated with nutritional status were body image, carbohydrate intake and environmental influence. Conclusion: Body image was associated with nutritional status. However, body image does not affect dietary intake. Energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate intake were significantly associated with nutritional status.
Kajian metode Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) dan Nutrition Services Screening Assesment (NSSA) sebagai status gizi awal pasien dewasa sebagai prediktor lama rawat inap dan status pulang Harimawan, Agustinus I Wayan; Hadi, Hamam; Susetyowati, Susetyowati
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 7, No 3 (2011): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17750

Abstract

Background: Assessment of nutrition status of newly hospitalized patients is an initial stage of nutrition intervention which will bring effects to the duration of stay and the history of patients diseases during hospitalization. Appropriate nutrition intervention as part of  patients care can be used as an indicator of the quality of hospital service.Objective: The study aimed to identify preliminary nutrition status of newly hospitalized adult patients using SGA method, its effects to length of stay and status of discharge and compare the capacity of SGA and NSSA indicators in predicting length of stay and status of discharge of adult patients.Method: This observational study used prospective cohort study design. It was carried out at Anuntaloko Hospital of Parigi, District of Parigi Moutong, Sulawesi Tengah from July to September 2008. Subject consisted of 162 people comprising 82 undernourished people and 80 people with good nutrition status based on assessment using SGA method. Data analysis used bivariable and multivariable, receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve and diagnostic methods using computer program.Result: The majority of newly hospitalized patients were undernourished (50.6%); preliminary status of patients assessed using SGA method could affect length of stay, relative risk (RR)=3.67 but not status of discharge (RR=0.97). The capacity of SGA indicator, area under the curve (AUC)=0.81 and maximum sum of sensitivity and specifcity (MSS) =1.57 was better than NSSA indicator (AUC=0.76 and MSS 1.43) in predicting length of stay. The capacity of SGA indicator (AUC=0.50 and MSS=1.01) was better than NSSA indicator (AUC=0.49 and MSS=0.98) in predicting discharge status of the patient.Conclusion: SGA and NSSA indicators could be implemented in assessing preliminary nutrition status of newly hospitalized adult patients; SGA indicator had better capacity than NSSA indicator.