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Non-Convulsive Status Epilepticus (NCSE) in ICU Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Ryalino, Christopher; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.5

Abstract

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is defined as a persistent change in mental status as opposed to the previous conditions, lasted at least 30 minutes long,  associated with continuous spike wave epileptiform EEG changes. Clinical manifestation of NCSE can present as confusion, personality changes, psychosis, and coma. Indeed NCSE prognosis is dependent on the underlying etiology of persistent EEG changes of. Preferred medication is focus on improving its fundamental pathological changes, such as metabolic disorders, infection, drugs toxicity, and immediate pharmacological treatment. Intravenous benzodiazepine is recommended asthe first drug of choice for NCSE and early recognition of treatment response can help to establish the diagnosis.  This patient has a good outcome which was influenced with short ictal period from the first episode upon arrival on reffered hospital, good initial response and management on emergency department, a conduct and thorough ICU monitoring, as well as the effective treatment response.
REGIONAL ANESTHESIA IN MOLAR PREGNANCY WITH THYROTOXICOSIS IN A REMOTE HOSPITAL Ryalino, Christopher; Aryasa, Tjahya; Budiarta, I Gede; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.22

Abstract

Hydatidiform mole or molar pregnancy is a benign Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD) that originates from the placenta. Treatment consists of vacuum evacuation but rarely hysterectomy may be required. One common complication of molar pregnancy is hyperthyroid. Anesthetic management is often complicated by the associated systemic complications. These complications cannot be prevented, but with a better understanding of the disease, some measurements to avoid maternal mortality can be performed.  
Perioperative management of patient with hemophilia a underwent orthopedic surgery Senapathi, Tjokorda GA; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Mahaalit Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah; Ryalino, Christopher
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i2.10

Abstract

Hemophilia presents challenging consideration for anesthesiologists. In non emergency cases it is essential that factor VIII is raised to its optimal activity prior to surgery. Intra operative bleeding is a fatal complication in hemophilia. Certain measurements must be taken under considerations to manage this case for anesthesia. Peripheral lines should be secured with utmost care. Intramuscular injections and arterial punctures must be avoided. Intubation and airway positioning should be done gently in deep plane anesthesia. Small vessels hemostatis must be taken care of by the surgeon. A multidisciplinary team has to be involved when patients with hemophilia are planned for surgery. The knowledge related to replacement therapy should be mastered not only by hematologist, but also by the whole team involved in patient management.
PERIOPERATIVE EFFECTS OF CO-ADMINISTRATION OF TCI PROPOFOL COMBINED WITH CLONIDINE AND KETAMINE Aryabiantara, I Wayan; Sinardja, I Ketut; Sutawan, Ida Bagus Krisna Jaya; Sinardja, Cynthia Dewi; Parami, Pontisomaya; Ryalino, Christopher; Junaedi, Made Darma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.815 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.69

Abstract

Background: Propofol is often used in Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA). Studies found that adding clonidine and ketamine can increase the potential to achieve an adequate level of anesthesia while reducing inflammation and post-operative pain. The goal of this study is to see if the combination of Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) propofol plus clonidine and ketamine is more effective in reducing the IL-6 level, maintaining intraoperative stability, and reducing postoperative pain and morphine consumption.Methods: Forty patients planned for major oncology surgery were divided into two groups. The treatment group (Group T) received pre-medication with clonidine, induction with TCI propofol, and intraoperative ketamine. The control group (Group C) received normal saline solution.Results: The difference of IL-6 level increase between the two groups was not statistically significant (13.6 vs. 16.6 pg/mL, p>0.05). Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in group T were higher in 5 and 10 minutes after incision, but lower in minutes 30, 60, and 120 (p <0.05). Heart rate in group T was higher in minutes 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, and 120. Visual analog scale (VAS) in 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours post-surgery were lower in group T compared to group C. And post-operative morphine consumptions in group T were also lower. (3.6 ± 1.5 vs 9.9 ± 3.3, p <0.05).Conclusion: TIVA using TCI propofol combined with preoperative clonidine and intraoperative ketamine is effective in maintaining hemodynamic stability, reducing post-operative and reducing morphine consumption compared to TCI propofol alone.
A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE PECTORALIS BLOCK II AS A PART OF MULTIMODAL ANALGESIA FOR INTRA AND POSTOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT IN MODIFIED RADICAL MASTECTOMY Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Widnyana, I Made Gede; Ryalino, Christopher; Junaedi, I Made Darma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.41 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.106

Abstract

Background: Inadequate acute postoperative pain management is the main risk factor for chronic pain after breast surgery. Pectoralis blocks I and II (pecs block I and II) are novels peripheral nerves block techniques introduced since 2011 by Blanco et al.Methods: Ten patients diagnosed with breast cancer planned for modified radical mastectomy (MRM), from preoperative evaluation patients with a physical status of American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) I and II. Anesthesia management under general anesthesia with an endotracheal tube and we performed PECS block II after general anesthesia. We recorded the systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate intraoperatively, and the pain scale at 4th, 6th, 12th, and 24th hours postoperatively.Results: The pain scale at 4th and 6th hours postoperatively were 0.3±0.5 and 0.6±0.5 respectively. The pain scale at resting starts to increase at the 12th and 24th hours (1.2±0.4 and 1.1±0.6). The mean total use of morphine recorded on PCA was 3.3 ± 0.9 (mg). No pecs block II complications were recorded in this study.Conclusion: Pecs block II is a relatively easy, safe, and effective for MRM surgeries. Further larger and double-blinded studies are needed to know its effectiveness compared to other techniques available.
COMPARISON OF EPIDURAL CATHETER TIP PLACEMENT BETWEEN MEDIAN AND PARAMEDIAN TECHNIQUES WITH FLUOROSCOPY Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Ryalino, Christopher; Leton, Yohanes PT
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.09 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.99

Abstract

Introduction: The installation of an epidural catheter can be perform by median or paramedian techniques with the aim of position the epidural catheter tip being posterior to the epidural space. The goal of this study was to compare the location and position of the epidural catheter tip placed by the median technique compared to the paramedian technique by using fluoroscopy method.Patients and Methods: Fifty patients aged 18- 65 years who underwent lower abdominal surgery and lower extremities surgery are classified into two groups by consecutive sampling. The first group consists of those who were inserted epidural catheter by median technique approach, and the second group by paramedian technique approach. From the fluoroscopy imaging, the catheter position was classified into one the the following: anterior, posterior, and lateral. Result: In median approach, the epidural catheter tip were placed 16% anteriorly, 20% posteriorly, and 64% laterally. In the paramedian approach, the epidural catheter tip were placed 4% anteriorly and 96% posteriorly. The paramedian approach is more superior to median technique in terms of expected epidural catheter tip position (p <0.001, RR 4.8, CI95%=2.183-10.556). Conclusion: Placement of the catheter tip in the epidural space using paramedian technique is a better option than the median technique.
DEXMEDETOMIDINE PROVIDES BETTER HEMODYNAMIC STABILITY COMPARED TO CLONIDINE IN SPINE SURGERY Suyasa, I Ketut; Ryalino, Christopher; Pradnyani, Ni Putu Novita
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (574.328 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v2i3.100

Abstract

Introduction: Spine surgery presents a number of challenges to the anesthesiologist. The α2 adrenergic agonist drugs are commonly used in such cases to provide hemodynamic and sympathoadrenal stability. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is one of the most potent and highly selective α2-adrenergic receptor agonists. Another α2 adrenergic agonist drug that is used widely is clonidine. The study aims to compare both drugs in terms of hemodynamic stability in spine surgeries.Patients and Methods: 30 patients underwent spinal surgery were classified into one of the following group: DEX group (received DEX 1 mcg/kg in 10 minutes followed by 0.5 mcg/kg/hour during the course of the surgery) or CLO group (received clonidine 1 mcg/kg in 10 minutes followed by 1 mcg/kg/hour during surgery), by consecutive sampling. All other treatments and medications were similar in both groups. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate were recorded every 5 minutes. Data was then analyzed by SPSS.Result: The patients in the DEX group had a better mean arterial pressure (p=0.002) and heart rate (p=0.018) stability compared to those in the CLO group.Conclusion: The administration of dexmedetomidine provides a better hemodynamic stability compared to clonidine in patients underwent spinal surgery.
Minimally invasive pain management in chronic musculoskeletal pain: A Community service at Blahkiuh I Health Center Parami, Pontisomaya; Suranadi, I Wayan; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Mahaalit, I Gusti Ngurah; Ryalino, Christopher; Pradhana, Adinda Putra
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.516 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.116

Abstract

ABSTRACTPain is a common complaint found in the population. Inadequate knowledge about pain management is the most common reason that triggers the inadequate management of pain. Pharmacological pain management is also not without risk. Various risks from the use of pharmacological agents related to side effects that can arise may also cause new problems. Several medical intervention techniques with invasive procedures for pain have also been carried out, although they are still less popular, due to a lack of public knowledge of this technique. We conducted a cost-free, minimally invasive pain procedure in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain in a public health center in a rural area in Bali Island to alleviate their pain-associated symptoms and to introduce this minimally invasive pain management technique.
The ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) as a tool in evaluating fluid responsiveness in pediatric patients underwent emergency surgery Kurniyanta, Putu; Utariani, Arie; Hanindito, Elizeus; Ryalino, Christopher
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.302 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.111

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Assessment fluid adequacy in pediatric patients underwent surgery is a challenge for anesthesiologists. Hemodynamic parameters used as fluid monitoring sometimes don’t accurately provide valid information. Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM) is one of the non-invasive methods that are easy to operate and may provide various hemodynamic parameters monitoring information.Objective: Analyze the effectiveness of Stroke Volume Variation (SVV) and Stroke Volume Index (SVI) by using USCOM in assessing fluid responsiveness in preoperative pediatric patients who underwent emergency surgeries.        Method: This study was conducted on 16 pediatric patients underwent emergency surgeries. Before general anesthesia is given, blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, cardiac index, SVV, SVI were recorded before and after administration of 10 mL/kg of fluid given within 20 minutes.Results: 10 subjects responded with SVV and SVI changes of more than 10% compared to 6 non-responders. SVV changes between responders and non-responders were 31.5±1.58 and 7.5±1.04, respectively. SVV percentage changes between responders and non-responders were 38.04±0.47 and 5.24±4.89, respectively.Conclusion: SVV and SVI recorded by USCOM showed significant fluid responsiveness changes in pediatric patients underwent emergency surgeries in 62.5% of the subjects.
Continuous caudal analgesia as a safe and effective method for pediatric post - chordectomy analgesia Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Subagiartha, I Made; Widnyana, I Made Gede; Kurniyanta, Putu; Ryalino, Christopher; Estrada, Ronald
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.235 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.113

Abstract

ABSTRACTIt brings great satisfaction for medical officers to be able to see children smiling, laughing, and playing without pain after surgery, yet many children still experience inadequate postoperative pain management. This phenomenon could lead to serious immediate and long term effects in the pediatric patient. Disruption of the healing process caused by pain could become the source of morbidity and mortality in the early postoperative period. Opioid side effects and transformation from acute to chronic pain due to inadequate analgesia are other problems met when dealing with postoperative pain management. This is where regional analgesia takes advantage. Caudal analgesia is an old yet very popular method in pediatric anesthesia and has gained widespread use. It can be delivered as a single injection or continuous infusion. The continuous technique provides a longer duration of analgesia than single injection does. We report a satisfying result from using continuous caudal analgesia for post chordectomy pain management in a 5-year-old boy.