Deny Novani, Deny
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PENTINGNYA PENGUNGKAPAN STATUS HIV/AIDS ODHA PADA ORANG TERDEKAT

Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BERKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

                                                           Abstract The background of revealing the status of HIV can cut through the link of HIV’s infection through self commitment and to be given the comfort in situation and life that is going through. Opening the status of HIV can be beneficial to reduce the act of isolation, increase self acceptance, to be given the safe and healthy sex life, to plan to have a child safely, to plan the future and family and also to be given the ARV medication, the service of management case, with the reference to support group and other advanced service.The aim of this research is to acknowledge some factors which affect ODHA (Orang Dengan HIV/AIDS) in revealing serostatus of HIV to the closest ones. Research method is an explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The sample of this research is the total of population which is 152 people. The data collection was done with questioner and direct observation. Research variable is a respondent characteristic that involves age, gender, education, length of time since being diagnosed HIV, education about HIV/AIDS including the explanation, signs and symptoms, ways of spreading, prevention, treatment, revealing status and the benefit of it, anxiety level, dignity, attitude towards HIV/AIDS disease, ounselor / manager case support, family and couple support, public figure support. Data analysis was done with Chi Square test with trust degree of 95%. The result of variable research that has relation with revealing the status of HIV to the closest ones are education, knowledge, anxiety, dignity, ODHA’s attitude, counselor support, family and couple support. Variable that influences or becomes a predictor is an education, anxiety, and counselor/manager case support. Adjusted score OR or exp (B) education variable in the amount of 4,657 with p = 0,001 (p < 0,05), anxiety variable in the amount of 3,148 with p = 0,020 (p < 0,05, counselor/manager case support in the amount of 3,639 with p = 0,010 ( p < 0,05). Family suggestion and ODHA’s couple are expected to receive ODHA status as it is and also support ODHA to do treatment and care. Family and couple are expected to give company and also full support to ODHA without excluding its existence. Keywords : people living with HIV , disclosure , those closest

Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Minum Obat Tuberkulosis

VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 16, No 1 (2017): VisiKes
Publisher : Dian Nuswantoro Semarang

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Abstract

The Multi Drug Resistance Tuberculosis (MDR TB) is tuberculosis resistance to minimum of two very potent TB drugs, Isoniazid and Rifampicin. Non-adherence to TB treatment may result in development of MDR TB. The study objective is to assess the risk factors of non-adherence to TB-treatment among MDR TB patients.This was the case control study, while case were non-adhere patients (n=57), and control were patients who are adhere to treatment (n=91). Total samples were 148 patients, with 10% of those who have risk Data was analyzed using bivariate analysis with Chi Square test, Odds Ratio (OR) and multivariate with logistic regression. There are two variables found as risk factors of non-adherence to TB treatment among MDRTB patients; treatment history (p=0,014; OR:2,648; 95%CI:1,215-5,771), duration of treatment (p=0,008; OR:2,960; 95% CI:1,320-6,638). Probability of non-adherence when there are thesetwo factors is 52,99%. Treatment history and duration of treatment were found as risk factors of non-adherence to TB treatment among MDR-TB patients in this study.Keywords: Risk factors, non-adherence to treatment, development of MDR TB