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ANALYSIS COLLAGEN DENSITY ON DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC ACUTE WOUND MODEL: ANIMAL TRIAL USING WISTAR RATS Maryunis, Maryunis; Bakri, Syakib; Patellongi, Ilhamjaya; Aman, Makbul; Tahir, Takdir; Rahayu, Ade Irma; Hasriyani, Hasriyani; Yusuf, Saldy
in process
Publisher : ETN Centre Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are two major factors that lead to diabetic wounds. Additionally, diabetic wound healing process takes a long time. Collagen is one indicator to assess wound healing. Aim: This study aimed to compare the wound healing process DM and non-DM In Wistar with acute wounds modeling that uses the density collagen as indicators. Methods: This study used a randomized design Post Test Control Group who uses Wistar as research objects. Wistar rats were divided into 2 groups: Wistar DM and Non-DM groups. The total sample were 30 individuals that consisted of 15 rats each group. Wistar DM was induced by injection of Streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneal single dose of 40-50 mg / kg. The wound were created by using punch biopsy of each group. The wound were followed up for 14 days. Data analysis was done using the Kolmogorov - Smirnov test with a confidence level of 95%. All data were analyzed by SPSS version 21.0 software (SPSS, Inc. Chicago, IL). Results: The density of collagen in DM group (20%) was lower than in non DM group (40%). However there were no significant difference in collagen density in both groups (p=0,375). Nevertheless, the percentage of collagen density is higher in non DM group compared with DM group (20.0%). This shows the tendency of the wound healing process in the group of Non - DM is better than DM group. This shows the tendency of the wound healing process in the group of Non - DM is better than DM group. Conclusion : There is a tendency that the wound healing in non –DM group is better than in DM groups. More studies are needed in the future to confirm this findings. Key Words: Collagen Density, Acute Wound Model, DM
MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERDISKUSI MELALUI PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOPERATIF TEKNIK TWO STAY TWO STRAY DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KOLEKSI REFERENSI PERPUSTAKAAN PADA SISWA KELAS XI IIS.2 SMA NEGERI 1 BULUKUMBA Hasriyani, Hasriyani
J U P I T E R Vol 16, No 1 (2017): JUPITER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan: 1) kualitas proses pembelajaran keterampilan berdiskusi siswa kelas XI IIS.2 SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017; dan 2) kualitas hasil pembelajaran keterampilan berdiskusi siswa kelas XI IIS.2 SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan di SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI IIS.2 SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba. Siswa kelas XI IIS.2 berjumlah 34 orang yang terdiri atas 18 siswa perempuan dan 16 siswa laki-laki. Objek penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran keterampilan berdiskusi di kelas XI IIS.2 SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi, wawancara mendalam, angket, dan kajian dokumen. Validitas data dalam penelitian ini dikaji dengan teknik trianggulasi sumber data dan trianggulasi metode. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis deskripsi komparatif dan analisis kritis. Proses penelitian dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus yang meliputi empat tahapan, yaitu tahap perencanaan, tahap pelaksanaan, tahap observasi, serta tahap analisis dan refleksi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapatdisimpulkan terdapat peningkatan kualitas proses dan hasil pembelajaranberdiskusi pada siswa kelas XI IIS.2 SMA Negeri 1 Bulukumba. Peningkatankualitas proses pembelajaran tersebut ditandai dengan meningkatnya: 1) jumlah siswa yang aktif dalam apersepsi; 2) jumlah siswa yang aktif dalam pembelajaran diskusi; 3) jumlah siswa yang perhatian dan konsentrasi dalam pembelajaran; dan 4) jumlah siswa yang kerjasama dalam diskusi. Adapun peningkatan kualitas hasilpembelajaran ditandai dengan meningkatnya jumlah siswa yang mencapai batas ketuntasan, yaitu pada siklus I ada 18 siswa yang tuntas (56%) dan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 26 siswa yang tuntas (76%). Peningkatan yang cukup siginifikan juga terjadi pada siklus III yaitu 30 siswa tuntas (91%). Nilai rata-rata siswa juga mengalami peningkatan yaitu 63 pada siklus I, 68 pada siklus II, dan 74 pada siklus III. Ketuntasan siswa dalam pembelajaran diskusi tersebut dinilaiketika siswa berdiskusi.Kata kunci : Keterampilan berdiskusi, Koleksi referensi, Two Stay Two Stray
PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND BONE DENSITY SCORE OF OLDER ADULTS HAVING HIGH RISK OF FALLS Rahayu, Ade Irma; Puspitha, Arnis; Syam, Ahmad Dahlan; Hasriyani, Hasriyani
Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal (ICON Journal) Volume 1 No. 1 Agustus 2016 - Januari 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Introduction: Decreased Bone Mineral Density (BMD) is considered as a determining factor of injury from falls. Previous study revealed that physical exercise contributes to the changes of fall risk of older adults with leg muscle strength, balance, and BMD as its intervening variable. This study aimed to determine the effect of physical exercise on BMD value among elderly with high risk of fall in Makassar. Method: We used two-group pretest-posttest design. Ten women aged > 60 with high risk of fall were involved using purposive sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The researchers used exercise guidelines made by Indonesian Ministry of Youth and Sport. BMD was measured on the sole of the feet using Bone Densitometry and interpreted as z-score. Data were processed using SPSS and tested by Paired Sample T-Test and Independent T-Test. Result: Almost half of the elderly had low BMD value that leads to osteopenia. There was no  effect  of  physical  exercise  to  the  BMD  changes  among  elderly (p = 0.675 for experiment group) and significant difference for both groups was p = 0.86. However, mean difference showed that experiment group had higher changes of BMD value compared to control group. Conclusion: Physical exercise has no overall treatment effect on bone mineral density in older women with high risk of fall. It is recommended that a longer period of time of physical exercise. Measured BMD using DXA on hip and lumbar spine is also needed for further studies
Berbagai Faktor Risiko Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) (Studi di Beberapa Puskesmas Kota Makassar) Hasriyani, Hasriyani; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Budhi, Kamilah; Setiawati, Mexitalia; Setyawan, Henry
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 3, No 2: Agustus 2018
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Low-birth-weight (LBW) as community health problem have remained as the main cause of prenatal morbidity and mortality. In Indonesia, the occurrence rate of LBW has reached 10,2%. LBW has caused by multifactors such as maternal factor, fetus factor, and environmental factor. The aim of the study was to elaborate if maternal factor and environmental factor are the risk factors contributing to LBW occurrence.Method: The study was based on case control design. The number of samples was 138 respondents who were categorized into 69 cases and 69 controls fulfilling the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The cases were mothers with babies having birth weight <2500 grams regarding the gestational age, and the controls were mothers with babies having birth weight ≥2500 grams regarding the gestational age. Sampling method to the cases was conducted by consecutive sampling while sampling to the controls was conducted by simple random sampling with matching to sex and location.Results: Maternal factors observed as risk factors contributing to LBW are low nutritional status (OR=5.357; 95%CI=1.985-14.457), illness pregnancy (OR=3.976; 95%CI=1.669-9.476). Maternal factors and environmental factors observed as non-risk factors to LBWN are age < 20 years old or age > 35 years, the spacing of pregnancy < 2 years, the of family members smoking at home, the of a food taboos culture, ANC status < 4x , low social economy status.Conclusion: Low nutritional status, illness pregnancy are risk factors contributing to LBW occurrence. The probability of LBW occurrence when those risk factors observed are 68,87%.