Ilham Alimuddin, Ilham
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DEVELOPING TROPICAL LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY MAP USING DINSAR TECHNIQUE OF JERS-1 SAR DATA Alimuddin, Ilham; Bayuaji, Luhur; Maddi, Haeruddin C.; Sri Sumantyo, Josaphat Tetuko; Kuzei, Hiroaki
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Comprehensive information in natural disaster area is essential to prevent and mitigate people from further damage that might occur before and after such event. Mapping this area is one way to comprehend the situation when disaster strikes. Remote sensing data have been widely used along with GIS to create a susceptibility map. The objective of this study was to develop existing landslides susceptibility map by integrating optical satellite images of Landsat ETM and ASTER with Japanese Earth Resource Satellites (JERS-1) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data complemented by ground GPS and feature measurement into a Geographical Information Systems (GIS) platform. The study area was focused on a landslide event occurred on 26 March 2004 in Jeneberang Watershed of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Change detection analysis was used to extract thematic information and the technique of Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) was employed to detect slight surface displacement before the landslide event. The DInSAR processed images would be used to add as one weighted analysis factor in creating landslide susceptibility map. The result indicated that there was a slight movement of the slope prior to the event of landslide during the JERS-1 SAR data acquisition period of 1993-1998. Keywords: Optical Images, JERS-1 SAR, DInSAR, Tropical Landslide, GIS, Susceptibility Map 1. Introduction Recently, natural disasters increased in terms of frequency, complexity, scope, and destructive capacity. They have been particularly severe during the last few years when the world has experienced several large-scale natural disasters such as the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami; floods and forest fires in Europe, India and China, and drought in Africa (Sassa, 2005). Mapping such natural disaster areas is essential to prevent and mitigate people from further damage that might occur before and after such event. In Indonesia in particular, in these recent years natural disasters occurred more frequently compared to the last decade (BNPB, 2008). Once within a month in 2011, in three different islands, Indonesia was stricken by earthquake, tsunami, flash floods, and volcanic eruptions with severe fatalities to the people and environment. It was obvious that Indonesia was prone to natural disaster due to its position of being squeezed geologically by three major world plates and this fact makes Indonesia one of the most dangerous