. Kustiyo, .
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DETECTION OF FOREST FIRE, SMOKE SOURCE LOCATIONS IN KALIMANTAN DURING THE DRY SEASON FOR THE YEAR 2015 USING LANDSAT 8 FROM THE THRESHOLD OF BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE ALGORITHM Kustiyo, .; Dewanti, Ratih; Lolitasari, Inggit
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Almost every dry season, there are large forest/land fires in several regions in Indonesia, especially in Kalimantan and Sumatra in the dry season of August to September 2015 a forest fire in 6 provinces namely West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Riau, Jambi, and South Sumatra. Even some parties proposed that the Government of Indonesia declares them as a national disaster. The low-resolution remote sensing data have been widely used for monitoring the occurrence of forest/land fires (hotspots), and mapping of  burnt scars. The hotspot detection was done by utilizing the data of NOAA-AVHRR and MODIS data which have a lower spatial resolution (1 km). In order to increase the level of detail and accuracy of product information, this research is done by using Landsat 8 TIRS (Thermal Infrared Sensor) band which has a greater spatial resolution of 100 m. The purpose of this research is to find and to determine the threshold value of the brightness temperature of the TIRS data to identify the source of fire smoke. The data used is the Landsat 8 of several parts of Borneo during the period of 24 August to 18 September 2015 recorded by the LAPAN's receiving station. Landsat - 8 TIRS band was converted into brightness temperature in degrees Celsius, then dots in a region that is considered the source of the smoke if the temperature of each pixel in the region > 43oC, and given the attributes with the highest temperatures of the pixels in the region. The source of the smoke was obtained through visual interpretation of the objects in the multispectral Natural Color Composite (NCC) and True Color Composite (TCC) images. Analysis of errors (commission error) is obtained by comparing the temperature detected by TIRS band with a visual appearance of the source of the smoke. The result of the experiment showed that there were detected 9 scenes with high temperatures over 43oC from the 27 scenes Kalimantan Landsat 8 data, which include 153 sites. The accuracy (commission error) of identification results using temperature ≥ 51°C is 0%, temperature ≥ 47°C is 10%, and temperature ≥ 43°C is 30.5%.
A TWO-STEPS RADIOMETRIC CORRECTION OF SPOT-4 MULTISPECTRAL AND MULTITEMPORAL FOR SEAMLESS MOSAIC IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN Kustiyo, .; Dewanti, Ratih; Sari, Inggit Lolita
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

This research analyzed the radiometric correction method using SPOT-4 imageries to produce the same reflectance for the same land cover. Top of Atmosphere (TOA) method was applied in previous radiometric correction approach, this TOA approach was upgraded with the reflectance effect from difference satellite viewing angle. The 250 scene of Central Kalimantan SPOT-4 imageries from 2006 until 2012 with varies viewing angle was used. This research applied two-step approaches, the first step is TOA correction, and the second step is normalization using a linear function of reflectance and satellite viewing angle. Gain and offset coefficient of this linear function was calculated using an iterative approach to producing the same reflectance in the forest area. The target of iterative processed is to minimize the standard deviation of a digital number from a forest area in the selected region. The result shows that the standard deviation of a digital number from a forest area in the two steps approach are 8.6, 16.5, and 16.8 for band 1, band 3 and band 4. These values are smaller compared with the standard deviation of digital number result from TOA approach are 15.0, 28,3 and 34.7 for band 1, band 3 and band 4.  Decreasing the standard deviation shows the homogeneity of forest reflectance that could be seen in the seamless result. This algorithm can be applied for making seamless SPOT-4 mosaic whole of Indonesia.
DEVELOPMENT OF ANNUAL LANDSAT 8 COMPOSITE OVER CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA USING AUTOMATIC ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE CLOUD Kustiyo, .
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 13, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Since January 2013, Landsat 8 data can be freely accessed from LAPAN, making it possible to use the all available Landsat 8 data to  produce the cloud-free Landsat 8 composite images. This study used Landsat 8 archive images in 2015,  Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor in 30 meter resolution, geometric correction level of L1T. The eight data in L1T of 118-062, southern part of Central Kalimantanwere used to produce a cloud-free composite image. Radiometric correction using Top of Atmosphere (TOA) and Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) algorithm to produce reflectance images have been applied, and then the most cloud-free pixels were selected in composite result. Six composite methods base on greens, open area and haze indices were compared, and the best one was selected  using visual analysis. The analysis shows that the composite algorithm using Max (Max (NIR, SWIR1)/Green) produces the best image composite.
HAZE REMOVAL IN THE VISIBLE BANDS OF LANDSAT 8 OLI OVER SHALLOW WATER AREA Kustiyo, .; Hayati, Anis Kamilah
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Haze is one of radiometric quality parameters in remote sensing imagery. With certain atmospheric correction, haze is possible to be removed. Nevertheless, an efficient method for haze removal is still a challenge. Many methods have been developed to remove or to minimize the haze disruption. While most of the developed methods deal with removing haze over land areas, this paper tried to focus to remove haze from shallow water areas. The method presented in this paper is a simple subtraction algorithm between a band that reflected by water and a band that absorbed by water. This paper used data from Landsat 8 with visible bands as a band that reflected by water while the band that absorbed by water represented by NIR, SWIR-1, and SWIR-2 bands. To validate the method, a reference data which relatively clear of cloud and haze contamination is selected. The pixel numbers from certain points are selected and collected from data scene, results scene and reference scene. Those pixel numbers, then being compared each other to get a correlation number between data scene to reference scene and between result scene and reference scene. The comparison shows that the method using NIR, SWIR-1, and SWIR-2 all significantly improved correlations numbers between result scene with reference scene to higher than 0.9. The comparison also indicates that haze removal result using NIR band had the highest correlation with reference data..