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ANALISA DAYA SAING DAN PELUANG EKSPOR WORTEL DI KELOMPOK TANI KATATA, PANGALENGAN, JAWA BARAT Budiman, Arief; Trimo, Lucyana; Suminartika, Eti; Fatimah, Sri
Agricore Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Departemen Sosial Ekonomi Faperta Unpad

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Abstract

Komoditas wortel telah lama menjadi andalan produksi salahsatu kelompok tani Katata yang berada di Pangalengan, Jawa Barat. Produksinya memiliki kualitas dan kuantitas yang tidak hanya baik dalam pemenuhan lokal saja, namun juga terhadap pemenuhan Ekspor. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan pengatahuan daya saing dan peluang ekspor dari dampak kebijakan pemerintah pada usahatani wortel di Kelompok Tani Katata. Penelitian dilakukan di Kelompok Tani Katata, Pangalengan, Kabupaten Bandung. Data dianalisis dengan Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM), untuk menghitung keunggulan komparatif, keunggulan kompetitif dan dampak kebijakan pemerintah dengan menggunakan harga aktual dan harga bayangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengusahaan wortel di Kelompok Tani Katata memiliki keunggulan kompetitif karena nilai PCR sebesar 0,062 atau PCR kurang dari satu (PCR < 1). Hal yang sama menunjukkan bahwa wortel memiliki keunggulan komparatif dengan nilai DRC 0,060 atau DRC kurang dari satu (DRC < 1). Kebijakan pemerintah dinilai menghambat ekspor output dan adanya proteksi terhadap input lokal dibuktikan dengan nilai NPCO dan NPCI yang kurang dari satu. Secara keseluruhan kebijakan pemerintah yang berlaku saat ini masih belum mendukung dalam hal pengembangan dan peningkatan keunggulan komparatif dan keunggulan kompetitif pengusahaan komoditas wortel di Kelompok Tani Katata.
Study of development of agro-tourism potential on tea small-holder Trimo, Lucyana; Nurafifah, Iis
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 20, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v20i1.122

Abstract

Tea Small-Holder can be managed as an agro-tourism destination which becomes a very popular tourist destination in the present and future, domestically and also for foreigners; that can support Government in providing jobs in the rural area; develop the countries itself; increase regional income and rural communities, and also support the environment conservation. The objective of this research is to describe agro-tourism potential of Tea Small-Holder at Desa Pulosari, Kecamatan Pangalengan Kabupaten Bandung, and search the potential products to be developed as a main tourism object. Case study method was used in this research, whereas the informants were appointed purposely and data were analyzed by triangulating method. Several potentials of tea plantation which can be used as an agro-tourism of Kelompok Tani Neglasari and people surrounding Desa Pulosari, Kecamatan Pangalengan are as follows: a) the main facilities are already available and adequate enough and objects of tourism such as tea plantation and tourist attractions such as art and culture e.g. Singa Depok, Pencak Silat and harvest ritual; b) supplementary facilities such as culinary and lodging facilities which provided by local villagers. Tourism products which can be offered by the locals to the tourists are: Package I: lodging facility and tour of nature, culinary, knowledge (e.g. tea commodities), and culture (harvest ritual);  Package II: lodging facility and tour of nature, culinary, knowledge about tea, and in addition there are other supporting activities, e.g. tour of knowledge related to coffee and horticulture; culture, e.g. as Singa Depok performance; Package III : Package II equipped with knowledge of farm animals e.g. livestock dairy cattle, and tour of culture, e.g. harvest ritual, Singa Depok and Pencak Silat.
Pelanggaran Standar Operasional Prosedur Produksi Teh Iroet Fisabilillah, Al Fattaah Muhammad Syah; Trimo, Lucyana
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i1.776

Abstract

Iroet Tea is a dry tea trademark owned by Koperasi Serba Usaha (KSU) Putera Mekar. Iroet tea products have been certified UTZ number two in the world and number one in Indonesia related to good plantation practices, good tea processing, environmental social issues, food safety, and quality improvement. Iroet Tea earned UTZ certificates in 2011 and 2013, but currently does not receive the certification, because there are many violations of the standard production procedures, so please note what violations that occur during the production process. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. KSU Putera Mekar has set the standard opertaion procedure since the process of picking shoots until dry tea processing process, so that if farmers and workers follow the standard procedure, then Iroet tea products produced will be good quality and get UTZ certificate. But many violations Iroet tea standard operation  procedures, from picking tea shoots, shoots at the shelter collecting the results, to the processing of dried tea is done at the factory. The results showed that there were many violations during the process of supplying raw materials to the production process, the violations committed in the form of non compliance with standard operation procedures and agreements related to raw materials needed, the process of gathering raw materials, and processing of dry tea.   Keywords: production, quality control, standard operation procedure, tea
Analisis Faktor Internal dan Eksternal pada Unit Pengolahan Teh Rakyat Kelompok Tani Barokah, Bandung Tammah, Siti Utami; Trimo, Lucyana
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.778

Abstract

The tea plantation area in Indonesia is still dominated by tea smallholder estate of 45,17%. This is accompanied also by the growing number of tea agroindustry which increased by 0,83% based on data from the ministry of industry period 2007 to 2013. One of the tea  agroindustry that still survive is tea  smallholder processing unit of Barokah Farmer Group in Lebak Muncang Village, District Ciwidey Regency Bandung. This study aims to analyze the internal and external factors of the tea  smallholder processing units of Barokah Farmer Group. The technique used in this research is case study with the informants include the management of the in tea smallholder processing units in Barokah Farmer Group, the government agency of Bandung Plantation Office. The technique of data collection is done by observation, in-depth interview and documentation. The analysis tools used are IFE Analysis (internal factors evaluation) and EFE (external factor evaluation). The results showed that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group has a strong internal position where the strengths that have been able to cover the weakness well but have not been able to exploit the opportunities optimally and become very vulnerable to the threat of competition so that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group is weak in facing the dynamics of the external environment.   Keywords: agroindustry, tea smallholder, tea processing unit
Eksistensi Bisnis Agroindustri Teh Iroet Vidya, Dinda Vergy; Trimo, Lucyana
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i1.777

Abstract

KSU Putera Mekar is the first cooperative to own a tea processing factory directly managed by smallholder tea farmers and produce dried tea products called Iroet tea. The beginning of Iroet Tea factory, they sell their products to PT Sariwangi AEA (Agricultural Estate Agency) and other small companies such as Agriwangi and Elinkindo, but it does not go long. PT Sariwangi broke his contract with the cooperative so that the cooperative did not have a large customer anymore. Cooperative members are decreasing because the cooperative is unable to absorb wet tea tops from farmers and can not afford to pay farmers with pay-weight system, but the agro-industry business still survives. This makes the cooperative requires the chronological know the main cause of bad business cooperatives and the reasons for cooperatives to survive. The research design used in this research is qualitative with case study technique. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results showed that the main cause of bad business cooperatives is the loss of large consumers and the absence of bailout funds. The reason for the cooperative still persists to this day because the cooperative management has a good orientation to improve the business of Iroet tea agroindustry, supported by the loyalty of cooperative members.   Keywords: agroindustry, cooperatives, loyalty, smallholder tea farmer
Analisis Faktor Internal dan Eksternal pada Unit Pengolahan Teh Rakyat Kelompok Tani Barokah, Bandung Tammah, Siti Utami; Trimo, Lucyana
Jurnal Agro Industri Perkebunan Volume 6 No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25181/jaip.v6i2.778

Abstract

The tea plantation area in Indonesia is still dominated by tea smallholder estate of 45,17%. This is accompanied also by the growing number of tea agroindustry which increased by 0,83% based on data from the ministry of industry period 2007 to 2013. One of the tea  agroindustry that still survive is tea  smallholder processing unit of Barokah Farmer Group in Lebak Muncang Village, District Ciwidey Regency Bandung. This study aims to analyze the internal and external factors of the tea  smallholder processing units of Barokah Farmer Group. The technique used in this research is case study with the informants include the management of the in tea smallholder processing units in Barokah Farmer Group, the government agency of Bandung Plantation Office. The technique of data collection is done by observation, in-depth interview and documentation. The analysis tools used are IFE Analysis (internal factors evaluation) and EFE (external factor evaluation). The results showed that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group has a strong internal position where the strengths that have been able to cover the weakness well but have not been able to exploit the opportunities optimally and become very vulnerable to the threat of competition so that tea  smallholder agro industry of Barokah Farmer Group is weak in facing the dynamics of the external environment.   Keywords: agroindustry, tea smallholder, tea processing unit
ANALISIS TEKANAN PENDUDUK TERHADAP PETANI PADI SAWAH Herlindawati, Anne; Trimo, Lucyana; Noor, Trisna Insan
Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Januari 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, University of Galuh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25157/ma.v4i1.715

Abstract

Pertanian merupakan salah satu sektor penting di Indonesia, karena sektor pertanian mempunyai peranan dari keseluruhan perekonomian nasional guna mewujudkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Namun, seiring dengan berkembangnya teknologi, kawasan perkotaan mengalami perkembangan yang mengarah kepada industrialisasi yang menyebabkan terjadinya konversi lahan pertanian menjadi kawasan yang berbasis bisnis dan memicu terjadinya percepatan migrasi yang merupakan sebuah tantangan karena dapat menimbulkan permasalahan kependudukan akibat terjadinya laju pertumbuhan penduduk. Laju pertumbuhan penduduk terjadi dengan sangat cepat. Tingginya laju pertumbuhan penduduk mendorong semakin meningkatnya kebutuhan lahan untuk perumahan, industri dan jasa, ditambah dengan adanya rencana pembangunan pelabuhan berskala Internasional yang merupakan proyek Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia (MP3EI) di Cilamaya tentunya akan kembali menggerus lahan pertanian yang dapat menimbulkan terjadinya tekanan penduduk dan menyebabkan berkurangnya lahan pertanian sehingga berpengaruh terhadap daya dukung lahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat tekanan penduduk serta tingkat daya dukung lahan di Kecamatan Cilamaya Kulon, Kabupaten Karawang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu teknik survei dengan mengambil lokasi penelitian di Kecamatan Cilamaya Kulon. Metode perhitungan menggunakan rumus Otto Soemarwoto Model III. Hasil penelitian secara umum di Kecamatan Cilamaya Kulon telah terjadi tekanan penduduk dengan nilai rata-rata TP 2,99 dan nilai rata-rata DDL 0,03 yang menunjukkan bahwa Kecamatan Cilamaya Kulon memiliki nilai daya dukung lahan yang relatif rendah.Kata Kunci : daya dukung lahan, laju pertumbuhan penduduk, migrasi, pembangunan, tekanan penduduk.
Kajian Pengembangan Agroindustri Berbasis Teh Rakyat Trimo, Lucyana; Fatimah, Sri; Djuwendah, Endah
Jurnal Rekayasa Hijau Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Institut Teknologi Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.451 KB) | DOI: 10.26760/jrh.v1i2.1634

Abstract

ABSTRAKPeluang kelompok tani teh menjadi kelompok bisnis agroindustriteh cukup besar, ini karena tingginya dukungan pemerintah melalui program GPATN serta semakin tingginyapermintaan pasar luar negeri dan dalam negeri dalam bentuk“instant tea” (makanan, minuman, farmasi, kosmetik).Namun, kondisi tersebut belum dapat dimanfaatkan dengan baik oleh petani teh. Hal ini terlihat dari, sebagian besar petani the masih menjual produknya dalam bentuk pucuk basah. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengkaji kendala yang dihadapi oleh petani teh rakyat dalam pengembangan agro-industri teh. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan studi deskriptif survey. Tempat penelitian yang dipilih adalah Kabupaten: Garut (KecamataCisurupan), Cianjur (Kecamatan Sukanagara) dan Bandung (Kecamatan Pasirjambu), yang merupakan sentra teh di Provinsi Jawa Barat.Data dikumpulkan dengan cara: studi kepustakaan, dan wawancara dengan pihak terkait, yaitu pejabat pada instansi pemerintah, koperasi, pabrikan, asosiasi petani teh, kelompok tani, serta petani teh yang diambil secara acak sederhana dari setiap Kecamatan yang dijadikan sampel. Secara proposional sampel diambil berdasarkan luas wilayah sentra teh, dan setiap kecamatandiambil 30 orang petani teh. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif, dengan pendekatan system thinking. Salah satu alat pendekatan system thinking yang digunakan yaitu dengan causal loop modelling, agar mudah mendeskripsikannya maka digunakan Causal Loop Diagram. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kendala yang dihadapi dalam mengembangkan agroindustri teh rakyat, yaitu: 1) kurangnya ketersediaan pucuk the sebagai bahan baku agroindustri, 2) kurangnya pengetahuan untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah pucuk teh, 3) kurangnya kemampuan dalam penyediaan modal dan peralatan dalam mengolah pucuk teh, dan 4) masih kurangnya dukungan pemerintah dalam mempromosikan teh olahan rakyat (misal: dalam rapat-rapat atau kegiatan-kegiatan yang berlangsung di pemerintahan sebaiknya memanfaatkan produk olahan the dari petani).Katakunci: agroindustri, kendala, nilai tambah, peluang, teh rakyat, ABSTRACTThe increasing market demand, abroad and domestically in the form of "instant tea" (food, beverage, pharmaceutical, cosmetics), and also support from the higher government through GPATN program makes the oopportunitiesof tea small holder groups into tea agro-industry business is quite huge.But infact, this opportunity cannot be utilized properly bytea small holder. Most of the tea small holders still sell their products in the form of freshflush. This research was conducted toinvestigate the constrain of tea small holder in agroindustry development.The study was conducted using a survey descriptive study approach. Selected location research is located at the center of tea small holder in West Java province, i.e.District of Garut (Subsdistrict of Cisurupan), Cianjur (Subdistrict of Sukanagara) and Bandung (District of Pasirjambu). In this research, the data were collected by study of literature and interviews with relevant parties, i.e. officials at government agencies, cooperatives, manufacturers, associations of tea farmers, tea small holder groups, and tea farmers. Tea farmers are taken randomly from each subdistrict sampled. Proportionally, samples are taken based on the size area of tea central region, and from those each district about 30 tea farmers were taken. Data were analyzed descriptively, with a system thinking approach. One of the tool system thinking approaches used in this research is causal loop modeling, in particularly Causal Loop Diagram. Result of the research showed that the obstacles of tea small holder in developing agro-industrial were : 1) the lack of availability of tea flush as raw material for agro-industry, 2) the lack of knowledge to increase value added of tea flush, 3) the lack of capability in the providing capital and equipment in processing the tea flush, and 4) the lack of government support in promoting the tea small holder’s products (e.g., Doing product promotion fromthe tea small holder in the goverment meetings or activities; such as by using those products in the activities).Keywords: agro-industry, constrain, opportunity, tea small holder, value added 
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI POLA PANGAN HARAPAN (PPH) DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG Argandi, Syaeful; Trimo, Lucyana; Noor, Trisna Insan
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 11, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33512/jat.v11i2.5091

Abstract

One way to know food self-sufficiency through the quality of food consumption diversity as measured by Food Harvest Scale (PPH) scores, hereinafter abbreviated as PPH. PPH can be used as a measure of nutritional balance and food diversity consumed by residents in a region. The maximum PPH score, 100 indicates the diverse food consumption situation and both the composition and quality of nutrition (Baliwati, 2011). In practice, the achievement of food quality and quantity indicator in Bandung Regency has not been achieved. This study aims to determine the size of family, education level, and income level of PPH in Bandung regency. The basic method of this research is the explanatory method (Eksplanatory Research). The determination of Paseh and Pasirjambu sub-districts was conducted by purposive sampling, which is determined by the highest and lowest kecamatan PPH. Furthermore the size of respondents using Slovin techniques. To know the factors that influence the PPH in Bandung regency using multiple regression analysis technique and the test is done by using SPSS 20 program. The result of the research shows that the family size, education level and income level have positive influence on PPH Kabupaten Bandung. This means that the higher the size of the family, the level of education and income level then the higher the PPH in Bandung regency
BEBERAPA FAKTOR PENENTU KEBERLANJUTAN USAHA AGROINDUSTRI TEH RAKYAT Trimo, Lucyana; Hidayat, Syarif; Budiman, Muhammad Arief
Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Januari 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, University of Galuh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25157/ma.v5i1.1630

Abstract

At present the number of actors from the tea agro-industry actors in West Java is decreasing, for example, the agroindustry of tea smallholder in Cianjur District in 2015 in Sub-districts: Sukanagara only has six units out of 11 units, Takokak Sub-district there are only 11 units of 38 units, and The Campaka sub-district has no more agroindustry of tea smallholder that was established even though a few years ago there were three units of the agroindustry of tea smallholder. These conditions also occur in other areas, such as in Bandung's Ciwidey District, even now only the Barokah Farmers Group's agroindustry still survives (from the four agro-industries in Bandung's Ciwidey District). Some determinants of the persistence of the agroindustry of tea smallholder can come from internal and external factors concerned. The research technique used is a case study. Determination of informants was done purposively, namely Plantation Service staff, chairman and deputy chairman of the farmer group, general manager of the tea agro-industry of the people, supplier farmers, and village apparatus. Secondary data is collected from existing documents in relevant agencies and journals. Data and information obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that, the sustainability of the existence of the agroindustry of tea smallholder was determined by several factors, namely the ability of the people's tea agro-industry actors in: 1) fulfilling the supply of raw materials (tea tops), 2) managing the finances owned, 3) managing the organization, 4) doing product diversification, 5) expanding information networks and connectivity with relevant agencies, 6) continuity in market demand, and 7) continuity in maintaining product quality.