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Exploration and Effectiveness Test from Some Tea Indigenous Potassium Soluble Bacteria Pranoto, Eko; Wulansari, Restu; Athallah, Faris Nur Fauzi; Lestari, Fitrianti Widya
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 19, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.544 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v19i2.110

Abstract

Tea is a plant that benefits for health. The growth of tea plant was influenced by several factors, including superior clones and nutrient availability in soil. One of the most important macro nutrients is potassium. However, the availability of potassium is low because of retention on the soil. One of the methode for absorbed by plant was used Potassium Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) with its organic acid function. The aim of the study was to explore and determine the density of colonies (DC) and the potential of Tea Indigenous PSB. Inoculum source from tea rhizosphere and rhizoplan of GMB 7, GMB 9 and TRI 2024 clones. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with six treatments and four replications, i.e. : GMB 7 Rhizosphere; GMB 7 Rhizoplan; GMB 9 Rhizosphere; GMB 9 Rhizoplan; TRI 2024 Rhizosphere; and TRI 2024 Rhizoplan. Ten isolates with the highest halozone was tested by the Dissolution Index (DI) of the PSB. The result showed that the highest DC was GMB 9 rhizoplan by 10.9 x 105 CFU/g and the lowest was TRI 2024 rhizoplant by 3.1 x 105 CFU/g. The DC on GMB clones series showed that rhizoplan was 14,29% higher than rhizosphere. There is no significant difference of DI for PSB colonies from all clones. From that clones, we were obtained 10 isolat that have the highest halozone, that were 2 isolates from rhizosphere and 8 isolates from rhizoplan. The average of DI rhizosphere isolates was 119,9% higher than rhizoplan.
The comparison of effectivity from consortium bio fertilizer and endophytic bio fertilizer on productivity and health of clone mature GMB 7 tea crop Setiawati, Mieke Rochimi; Wulansari, Restu; Pranoto, Eko
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 17, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.884 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v17i2.48

Abstract

This study aimed at comparing the effec­tiveness of consortium bio-fertilizer with endo­phytic bio fertilizer to increasing produc­tivity and health of mature clone GMB 7 tea crop. This research was carried out at the Gambung Experimental Station Block A7 Research Insti­tute for Tea and Cinchona, from July 2013 to September 2013. Randomized block design was used in this study with ten treatments and three replications i.e.: A1H0 = anorganic fertilizer (75%), A2H0 = anorganic fertilizer (50%), A1H1 = anorganic fertilizer (75%) + 2 liter consortium bio fertilizer, A1H2 = anorganic fertilizer (75 %) + 4 liter consor­tium bio-ferti­lizer, A2H1 = anorganic fertilizer (50 %) + 2 liter consortium bio fertilizer, A2H2 = anorga­nic fertilizer (50%) + 4 liter consor­tium bio-fertilizer, A1H3 = anorganic fertilizer (75 %) + 2 liter endophytic bio fertilizer, A1H4 = anor­ganic fertilizer (75%) + 4 liter endo­phytic bio fertilizer, A2H3 = anorganic fertili­zer (50%) + 2 liter endophytic bio fertilizer and A2H4 = anorganic fertilizers (50%) +4 liter endophytic bio fertilizer. The results showed there were a significantly difference on amount of the pekoe shoot among treatments, although the others variable was not significantly diffe­rent. However, the overall consortium bio-fertilizer resulted in the production of shoots 15,36% and endophytic biofertilizer application resulted in the production of shoots 21,93% higher than the control (without bio fertilizer). When compared to the first plucking, the num­ber of shoot from July to September showed increasing trend, so did the number of banji shoots.
The application of technology portable fertigation system in the dry month in tea plantation Rahardjo, Pudjo; Wulansari, Restu; Pranoto, Eko
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 18, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.459 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v18i1.56

Abstract

The research aims at providing multi­function both irrigation and fertilizer appli­cations (fertigation) and calculates the produc­tion of shoots and evaluated plant health during dry season. This research was carried out on Gambung Research Station using clone GMB7. Randomized block design was used in this study with six treatments and four replications. The treatments i.e. a. control (without irrigation, without fertilization); b. without irrigation, fer­ti­lization through the soil; c. irrigation 7 mm/day every 3 days (without fertilization); d. irrigation 7 mm/day every 6 days (without fertilization); e. fertigation 7 mm/day every 3 days; and f. fertigation 7 mm/day every 6 days. Observations were made from September-October 2014 with 4 times of plucking. All treatments were significantly different on the yield, number of both pecco and banji. The fertigation treatment using 21 mm of water (7 mm/day every 3 days) showed the highest shoot production of 15,56%. The highest number of pecco shoots and ratio of the number pecco/number of banji in treatment using 21 mm of water (7 mm/day every 3 days) of 32,25%. The highest number of banji found in the control treatment (without irrigation without fertilization) was 74,94%. From this research it can be concluded that the fertigation treatment can give good impact to production maintain and plant health in the dry season.
Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Mikro Zn dan Cu serta Pupuk Tanah terhadap Perkembangan Empoasca sp. pada Areal Tanaman Teh Fauziah, Fani; Wulansari, Restu; Rezamela, Erdiansyah
Agrikultura Vol 29, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe effect of Zn and Cu micro-fertilizer and soil fertilizer on the development of Empoasca sp. in tea plantation areaFertilization has an important role for the entire process of metabolism and improves plant health. Tea plants are plants that require macro and micro nutrient inputs. The micro elements of Zn and Cu are needed for energy production, protein synthesis, formation of auxin hormones and increament of plant resistance to pest attack. This study aimed to determine the effect of Zn and Cu micro fertilizer and soil fertilizer on the development of Empoasca sp. The study was conducted from January to July 2017 at Gambung Experimental Station with an altitude of 1350 asl. The experiment was designed with Randomized Block Design (RBD) Factorial pattern with the following treatment arrangement: Factor A = 1) Without Micro Fertilizer, 2) Micro Fertilizer of Zn and Cu 200 g/ha/application, and 3) Zn and Cu 300 g/ha/application; Factor B = 1) Soil fertilizer of 100% recommended dosage, 2) Soil fertilizer of 75% recommended dosage, and 3) Soil fertilizer of 50% recommended dosage. All treatmnets were repeated three times. Application of micro fertilizers was carried out after six times of tea-leaf picking, while soil fertilizer was applied once at the beginning of the experiment. Observation parameters were population and attack intensity of Empoasca sp., as well as shoot production (kg/25 m2 plot size). The results showed that the application of fertilizers had an effect on the decrease of attack intensity and the population of Empoasca sp. in all treatments. Average attack intensity and population of Empoasca sp. at the end of the observation did not differ significantly of 31.64% and 2.55 Empoasca sp. per plant. Meanwhile, the highest total production of 36.56 kg/plot was obtained from the application of micro fertilizer Zn and Cu in the dosage of 200 g/ha/application at all doses of soil fertilizer, but there was no interaction between treatment factors.Keywords: Micro fertilizer, Soil fertilizer, Empoasca sp., Tea plantABSTRAKPemupukan memegang peranan penting untuk seluruh proses metabolisme dan meningkatkan kesehatan tanaman. Tanaman teh merupakan tanaman yang memerlukan input unsur hara makro dan mikro. Unsur mikro Zn dan Cu diperlukan tanaman untuk produksi energi, sintesis protein, pembentukan hormon auksin serta meningkatkan resistensi terhadap serangan organisme pangganggu tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pemberian pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu serta pupuk tanah terhadap perkembangan Empoasca sp. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Januari hingga Juli 2017 di Kebun Percobaan Gambung dengan ketinggian 1.350 mdpl. Percobaan dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola Faktorial dengan susunan perlakuan sebagai berikut: Faktor A = 1) Tanpa Pupuk mikro, 2) Pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu 200 g/ha/aplikasi, dan 3) Pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu 300 g/ha/aplikasi; Faktor B = 1) Pupuk tanah 100% dosis anjuran, 2) Pupuk tanah 75% dosis anjuran, dan 3) Pupuk tanah 50% dosis anjuran. Perlakuan diulang sebanyak tiga kali ulangan. Aplikasi pupuk mikro dilaksanakan setelah pemetikan sebanyak enam kali, sedangkan pemberian pupuk tanah dilakukan satu kali diawal percobaan. Parameter pengamatan yaitu populasi, intensitas serangan Empoasca sp., dan produksi pucuk (kg/plot 25 m2). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk berpengaruh terhadap penurunan intensitas serangan dan populasi Empoasca sp. pada seluruh perlakuan. Rata-rata intensitas serangan dan populasi Empoasca sp. pada akhir pengamatan tidak berbeda nyata sebesar 31,64% dan 2,55 ekor per tanaman. Sementara itu, total produksi tertinggi diperoleh dari aplikasi pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu dosis 200 g/ha/aplikasi pada semua dosis pupuk tanah yaitu sebesar 36,56 kg/plot, namun tidak terjadi interaksi antar faktor perlakuan.Kata Kunci: Pupuk mikro, Pupuk tanah, Empoasca sp., Tanaman teh
KAJIAN STATUS HARA TANAH DAN TANAMAN DI PERKEBUNAN TEH JAWA BARAT DAN SUMATERA UTARA Wulansari, Restu
Creative Research Journal Vol 1, No 01 (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah (BP2D) Provinsi Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.913 KB)

Abstract

Kesuburan tanah pada berbagai perkebunan teh bervariasi sesuai dengan jenis tanah (kesuburan potensial) dan kadar hara yang tersedia dalam tanah (kesuburan aktual). Kajian ini merangkum data analisa tanah dan tanaman pada beberapa ordo tanah  yang terletak di perkebunan teh Jawa Barat (Andisol, Entisol, dan Inceptisol) tahun 2014 dan Sumatera Utara (Ultisol) tahun 2012. Jawa Barat mempunyai potensi besar dalam pengembangan komoditas teh karena memiliki areal perkebunan teh cukup luas, begitu juga untuk wilayah Sumatera Utara. Makalah ini bertujuan mengevaluasi status hara tanah dan tanaman untuk mengetahui kesuburan tanah aktual dan kesehatan tanaman. Hasil analisa tanah menunjukkan status hara P, K dan Mg sebagian besar pada tanah Andisol, Inceptisol dan Entisol adalah rendah, sedangkan Ultisol menunjukkan hara P dan K tanah tinggi. Status hara N daun rendah pada Andisol dan Ultisol mengindikasikan sudah mulai terjadi defisiensi N, begitu juga pada 4 ordo tanah bahwa status hara K daun sangat rendah diindikasikan telah terjadi defisiensi K pada tanaman. Hasil analisa tersebut dapat membantu penentuan rekomendasi pemupukan dan pengelolaan tanaman teh khususnya perkebunan teh Jawa Barat dan Sumatera Utara.
PENGARUH APLIKASI PUPUK DAUN MINERAL DAN ORGANIK CAIR TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH TEH SIAP SALUR Wulansari, Restu; Rachmiati, Yati; Rezamela, Erdiansyah
Creative Research Journal Vol 2, No 02 (2016)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah (BP2D) Provinsi Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1253.5 KB)

Abstract

Persemaian teh merupakan tahapan penting untuk mendapatkan benih teh berkualitas. Permasalahan yang pada penyediaan benih berkualitas adalah persentase benih siap salur rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan persentase benih siap salur melalui pemberian pupuk mineral dan pupuk organik di persemaian teh. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Persemaian Pusat Penelitian Teh dan Kina, Bandung, Jawa Barat Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok, dengan empat perlakuan dan enam ulangan. Benih yang digunakan adalah klon GMB 7 berumur bibit 8,5 bulan. Perlakuan terdiri dari: pupuk mineral berupa larutan urea 2%, serta 2,5 mL/L, 5 mL/L dan 7,5 mL/L pupuk organik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan bibit teh yang diberi pupuk mineral dengan nyata lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan pupuk organik. Persentase bibit siap salur berumur 13,5 bulan tinggi pada pembibitan dengan pupuk mineral urea, yaitu 53,26%. Penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa penggunaan larutan urea di persemaian teh memberikan pertumbuhan benih siap salur lebih cepat.
Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Mikro Zn dan Cu serta Pupuk Tanah terhadap Perkembangan Empoasca sp. pada Areal Tanaman Teh Fauziah, Fani; Wulansari, Restu; Rezamela, Erdiansyah
Agrikultura Vol 29, No 1 (2018): April, 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/agrikultura.v29i1.16923

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe effect of Zn and Cu micro-fertilizer and soil fertilizer on the development of Empoasca sp. in tea plantation areaFertilization has an important role for the entire process of metabolism and improves plant health. Tea plants are plants that require macro and micro nutrient inputs. The micro elements of Zn and Cu are needed for energy production, protein synthesis, formation of auxin hormones and increament of plant resistance to pest attack. This study aimed to determine the effect of Zn and Cu micro fertilizer and soil fertilizer on the development of Empoasca sp. The study was conducted from January to July 2017 at Gambung Experimental Station with an altitude of 1350 asl. The experiment was designed with Randomized Block Design (RBD) Factorial pattern with the following treatment arrangement: Factor A = 1) Without Micro Fertilizer, 2) Micro Fertilizer of Zn and Cu 200 g/ha/application, and 3) Zn and Cu 300 g/ha/application; Factor B = 1) Soil fertilizer of 100% recommended dosage, 2) Soil fertilizer of 75% recommended dosage, and 3) Soil fertilizer of 50% recommended dosage. All treatmnets were repeated three times. Application of micro fertilizers was carried out after six times of tea-leaf picking, while soil fertilizer was applied once at the beginning of the experiment. Observation parameters were population and attack intensity of Empoasca sp., as well as shoot production (kg/25 m2 plot size). The results showed that the application of fertilizers had an effect on the decrease of attack intensity and the population of Empoasca sp. in all treatments. Average attack intensity and population of Empoasca sp. at the end of the observation did not differ significantly of 31.64% and 2.55 Empoasca sp. per plant. Meanwhile, the highest total production of 36.56 kg/plot was obtained from the application of micro fertilizer Zn and Cu in the dosage of 200 g/ha/application at all doses of soil fertilizer, but there was no interaction between treatment factors.Keywords: Micro fertilizer, Soil fertilizer, Empoasca sp., Tea plantABSTRAKPemupukan memegang peranan penting untuk seluruh proses metabolisme dan meningkatkan kesehatan tanaman. Tanaman teh merupakan tanaman yang memerlukan input unsur hara makro dan mikro. Unsur mikro Zn dan Cu diperlukan tanaman untuk produksi energi, sintesis protein, pembentukan hormon auksin serta meningkatkan resistensi terhadap serangan organisme pangganggu tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pemberian pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu serta pupuk tanah terhadap perkembangan Empoasca sp. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Januari hingga Juli 2017 di Kebun Percobaan Gambung dengan ketinggian 1.350 mdpl. Percobaan dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola Faktorial dengan susunan perlakuan sebagai berikut: Faktor A = 1) Tanpa Pupuk mikro, 2) Pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu 200 g/ha/aplikasi, dan 3) Pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu 300 g/ha/aplikasi; Faktor B = 1) Pupuk tanah 100% dosis anjuran, 2) Pupuk tanah 75% dosis anjuran, dan 3) Pupuk tanah 50% dosis anjuran. Perlakuan diulang sebanyak tiga kali ulangan. Aplikasi pupuk mikro dilaksanakan setelah pemetikan sebanyak enam kali, sedangkan pemberian pupuk tanah dilakukan satu kali diawal percobaan. Parameter pengamatan yaitu populasi, intensitas serangan Empoasca sp., dan produksi pucuk (kg/plot 25 m2). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pupuk berpengaruh terhadap penurunan intensitas serangan dan populasi Empoasca sp. pada seluruh perlakuan. Rata-rata intensitas serangan dan populasi Empoasca sp. pada akhir pengamatan tidak berbeda nyata sebesar 31,64% dan 2,55 ekor per tanaman. Sementara itu, total produksi tertinggi diperoleh dari aplikasi pupuk mikro Zn dan Cu dosis 200 g/ha/aplikasi pada semua dosis pupuk tanah yaitu sebesar 36,56 kg/plot, namun tidak terjadi interaksi antar faktor perlakuan.Kata Kunci: Pupuk mikro, Pupuk tanah, Empoasca sp., Tanaman teh