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Gender Relation in Tea Plucking Workers: A Case Study of Gender Division of Labour and Gender Relation in Gambung Tea Plantation, West Java Sita, Kralawi; Herawati, Erna
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (748.678 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v5i1.16266

Abstract

ABSTRACTMen and women?s participation in tea plucking have been divided based on gender and strongly patriarchy-influenced. This division of labor cause a gender relation describes specific case of their relations in tea plantation. This study aims to describe the gender relation among the tea plucking workers at Gambung Tea Plantation, analyzed by qualitative approach, particularly treated as a case study. Data collected by in-depth interviews, observation, focus group discussion, and documentation. It was triangulated and analyzed using Harvard Analytical Framework and Gender Balance Tree in Gender Action Learning System approaches. The result shows that both men and women have equal access employment in plucking tea but their participation divided based on gender and patriarchy-influenced. Women have large participation in manual job description while men dominates on mechanic. Manual labor requires longer working-hour. It cause women have longer on working-hour than men. It is also enhance their burdern, eventhough generally they have double roles. As the consequences, women must work harder on their both roles. However, women?s participation in productive works enable women to generate income that makes them gaining better position within the household, such as a decision maker. It makes them able to access skill capacity.Keywords: gender relation, tea pluckeig worker, tea plantation, Harvard Analytical Framework, Gender Action Learning SystemABSTRAKPartisipasi laki-laki dan perempuan dalam pemetikan teh dibagi berdasarkan gender dan dipengaruhi kuat oleh patriarki. Pembagian kerja ini menimbulkan relasi gender yang menggambarkan kasus tertentu hubungan laki-laki dan perempuan di perkebunan teh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan relasi gender pada kegiatan pemetikan teh di Perkebunan Teh Gambung, dengan pendekatan kualitatif, dalam studi kasus tertentu. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode wawancara mendalam, observasi, diskusi grup terpusat, dan dokumentasi. Data ditriangulasi dan dianalisis menggunakan Harvard Analytical Framework dan Gender Balance Tree dalam Gender Action Learning System. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa baik laki-laki dan perempuan mempunyai akses yang sama dalam pemetikan tetapi partisipasi mereka dibagi berdasarkan gender dan dipengaruhi patriarki. Perempuan mempunyai partisipasi besar dalam pemetikan manual sedangkan laki-laki mendominasi mekanisasi mesin petik. Manual membutuhkan waktu yang tinggi yang menyebabkan perempuan mempunyai waktu kerja yang lebih banyak dari laki-laki dan hal ini menambah beban perempuan yang secara general mempunyai beban ganda. Sebagai konsekuensinya, perempuan harus bekerja lebih keras. Namun, partisipasi perempuan dalam pekerjaan produktif memungkinkan perempuan untuk menghasilkan pendapatan yang memberikan perempuan posisi yang lebih baik dalam rumah tangga, seperti kekuasaan dalam pengambilan keputusan dan posisi tawar dalam mengakses peningkatan kapasitas keterampilan.Kata kunci: relasi gender, pemetik teh, perkebunan teh, Harvard Analytical Framework, Gender Action Learning System
Socio economic characteristics and its effect to tea farming management behavior of tea smallholders in West Java Province Sita, Kralawi
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 18, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.727 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v18i2.79

Abstract

The research aimed to: 1) described the socio-economic characteristics of tea small-holders in West Java Province; 2) described tea farming management behavior of tea small-holder in West Java Province; and 3) analyzed the effect of socio-economic characteristics to a behavior of tea farming management. The research took place in nine tea smallholder plantation center in West Java Province where the Program of National Tea Agribusiness Improvement Action held. The research method used descriptive study with quantitative app-roach. The sampling method used proportional random sampling with 320 respondents or at least 5% from population area. Data analyzed used multiple linear regression analysis with Backward Model through SPPS 21.0 program. The result showed that tea smallholders have a certain socio-economic characteristics in mana-ging their tea farming. Behavior tea small-holders in tea farming management showed similarities and differences. The limited access to productive resources, technology, informa-tion, market, financial and extension make management on tea farming not optimal. Eco-nomic variables i.e. gender, main job, tea pro-ductivity, tea prices, and tea farming income positively significant to tea farming mana-gement behavior of tea smallholders. Its va-riables have the power to encourage and to motivate potential influence and spirit of tea smallholders in managing their tea farming.
The study of extension performance and tea market opportunities to successful of tea farmer groups at Sodonghilir District, Tasikmalaya Regency Sita, Kralawi
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 18, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.643 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v18i1.67

Abstract

The good performance of extension activities and openness tea market oppor­tunities has been playing an important role in accelerate the successful of tea farmer groups. The successful of tea farmer groups itself can be seen from the functioning of the units in farmer group activities, namely unit of study, unit of production, unit of collaboration, and unit of business. This study are aimed to determine the successful of tea farmer groups in carrying out its functions and to determine the effect of extension performance and tea market opportunities to the successful of the tea farmer groups at Sodonghilir District, Tasikmalaya Regency. This study used mixed method approach with sequential explanantory strategy that analyzed by using path analysis. The sampling method that used in this study was proportional random sampling with 56 farmers or 25% of the sample population (225 farmers). The results show that the highest successful of tea farmer groups at Sodonghilir District on unit of production, unit of collaboration, and unit of business were still low. Extension performance and tea market opportunitiest significant influenced directly to the successful of tea farmer groups. The better extension performance and greater tea market oppor­tunities, so the higher the successful of farmer groups. The efforts to increase the successful of tea farmer groups can be done by increasing the institutional capacity of tea smallholders, extension performance, and disclosure oppor­tunities of policy and tea market. 
Analysis of company performance measurement using Green Supply Chain Management Method on bussiness unit of black tea Mukharromah, Ikhda Nikmatul; Deoranto, Panji; Mustamiroh, Siti Asmaul; Sita, Kralawi
Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 20, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (373.477 KB) | DOI: 10.22302/pptk.jur.jptk.v20i1.123

Abstract

Competition black tea bussiness currently is no longer competition between companies but competition in supply chain network. PPTK Gambung as company and research institution that manage business unit of black tea so far nor been the identification of performance indicators Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM), to understand the condition of black tea business unit performance integrated overall both the process and operation. The aim of this study which provides recommendations for improvement to the company in improving the performance of the bussiness unit of black tea which has not reached the expected target. Performance measurement in this study using GSCM involving Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for weighting KPI, Scoring System method Objectives Matrix (OMAX), and Traffic Light System (TLS) to analyze the scores of environmental performance assessment are classified by color. The aim of this study which provides recommendations for improvement to the company in improving the performance of which has not reached the expected target. From the result, it can be seen that Index Performance Indicator is 5,35 company which means the PPTK Gambung performance has yet to be reached despite the are approaching the target,. Based on the results obtained 31 KPI valid OMAX which consists of 18 KPI that have reached the target; 1 KPI has yet to be reached despite the are approaching the target and 11 KPI that have a performance targetless. Based on these results can be made efforts to improve the performance of the company by making an integrated measurement that includes all existing processes (upstream - downstream) and periodically for maximum performance can be achieved, so it can be a consideration and evaluation for the company to overcome the performance problems companies either preventive action or corrective action.